Targum Torah Portion Week 17: Exodus 18:1 – 20:23

by | Jan 28, 2020

Targum Jonathan on Exodus

Week 17

Chapters 18:1 – 20:23

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Chapter 18י״ח

 

 

וישמע וּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ אוֹנוֹס מִדְיָן חָמוּי דְמשֶׁה יַת כָּל מַאן דְּעָבִיד יְיָ לְמשֶׁה וּלְיִשְרָאֵל עַמֵּיהּ אֲרוּם אַפֵּיק יְיָ יַת יִשְרָאֵל מִמִּצְרָיִם

And Jethro, prince of Midian, the father-in-law of Mosheh, heard all that Yahuah had done for Mosheh and for Israel His people, and that Yahuah had brought forth Israel from Mizraim.

 

וּדְבַר יִתְרוֹ חָמוּי דְמשֶׁה יַת צִפּוֹרָה אִנְתְּתֵיהּ דְּמשֶׁה בָּתַר דְּשַׁלְּחָהּ מִלְּוָתֵיהּ כַּד הֲוָה אָזִיל לְמִצְרָיִם

And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh took Zipporah his wife, whom Mosheh had sent back from him after going into Mizraim,

 

וְיַת תְּרֵין בְּנָהָא דְּשׁוּם חָד גֵּרְשׁוֹם אֲרוּם אָמַר דַּיָּיר הֲוֵיתִי בְּאַרְעָא נוּכְרָאָה דְלָא דִידִי הוּא

and his two sons, the name of the one of whom was Gershom, Because He had said, I am a dweller in a strange land which is not mine;

 

וְשׁוּם חָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר אֲרוּם אֱלָהָא דְאַבָּא הֲוָה בְּסַעֲדֵי וְשֵׁיזְבַנִי מֵחַרְבָּא דְפַרְעה

and the name of the other Eliezer, For (he had said) the God of my fathers was my helper, and saved me from the sword of Pharaoh.

 

וְאָתָא יִתְרוֹ חָמוֹי דְמשֶׁה וּבְנוֹי דְמשֶׁה וְאִנְתְּתֵיהּ לְוַת משֶׁה לְמַדְבְּרָא דְהוּא שָׁרֵי תַּמָּן סְמִיךְ לְטַוְורָא דְאִתְגְּלֵי עֲלוֹי יְקָרָא דַיְיָ לְמשֶׁה מִן שֵׁירוּיָא

And Jethro the father-in-law of Mosheh, and the sons of Mosheh, and his wife came to Mosheh at the desert in which be was sojourning hard by the mountain upon which the glory of Yahuah was revealed to Mosheh at the beginning.

 

וַאֲמַר לְמשֶׁה אָנָא חָמוּךְ יִתְרוֹ אָתֵי לְוָותָךְ לְאִתְגַיְירָא וְאִין לָא תְקַבֵּל יָתִי בְּגִינִי תְּקַבֵּיל בְּגִין אִנְתְּתָךְ וּתְרֵין בְּנָהָא דְעִמָהּ

And he said to Mosheh, I, thy father-in-law Jethro, have come to thee to be a proselyte; and if thou wilt not receive me on my own account, receive me for the sake of thy wife and of her two sons who are with her.

 

וּנְפַק משֶׁה מִתְּחוֹת עֲנָנָא יְקָרָא לִקְדָמוּת חָמוֹי וּסְגִיד וּנְשֵׁיק לֵיהּ וְגַיְירֵיהּ וְשַׁיְילוּ גְּבַר לְחַבְרֵיהּ לִשְׁלָם וְאָתוּ לְמַשְׁכַּן בֵּית אוּלְפָנָא

And Mosheh came forth from under the cloud of glory to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance, and kissed him and made him a proselyte; and they asked of each other’s welfare, and came to the tabernacle, the house of instruction.

 

וְתַנִי משֶׁה לְחָמוֹי יַת כָּל מַה דְּעָבַד יְיָ לְפַרְעה וּלְמִצְרָאֵי עַל עֵיסַק יִשְרָאֵל יַת כָּל עַקְתָא דְאַשְׁכְּחַתְנוּן בְּאָרְחָא עַל יַמָא דְסוּף וּבְמָרָה וּבִרְפִידִים וְהֵיךְ אַגַח עִמְהוֹן עֲמָלֵק וְשֵׁיזְבִינוּן יְיָ

And Mosheh recounted to his father-in-law all that Yahuah had done to Pharaoh and to the Mizraee on behalf of Israel; all the hardship they had found in the way, at the sea of Suph, and at Marah, and at Rephidim, and how Amalek had fought with them, and Yahuah had delivered them.

 

וּבְדַח יִתְרוֹ עַל כָּל טַבְתָא דְעָבַד יְיָ לְיִשְרָאֵל דִּיהַב לְהוֹן מַנָא וּבֵירָא וְדִי שֵׁיזְבִינִין מִן יְדָא דְמִצְרָאֵי

And Jethro rejoiced over all the good which Yahuah had done unto Israel, and that He had given them manna, and the well, and that he had saved them from the hand of the Mizraee.

 

וַאֲמַר יִתְרוֹ בְּרִיךְ שְׁמָא דַיְיָ דְּשֵׁזִיב יַתְכוֹן מִן יְדָא דְמִצְרָאֵי וּמִן יְדָא דְפַרְעה דְּשֵׁזִיב יַת עַמָּא מִתְּחוֹת מַרְוַת מִצְרָאֵי

And Jethro said, Blessed be the Name of Yahuah who hath saved you from the hand of the Mizraee, and from the hand of Pharoh, and hath saved the people from under the tyranny of the Mizraee.

 

כְּדוֹן חַכִּימַת אֲרוּם תַּקִיף הוּא יְיָ עַל כָּל אֱלָהַיָא אֲרוּם בְּפִתְגָמָא דְאַרְשִׁיעוּ מִצְרָאֵי לְמֵידַן יַת יִשְרָאֵל בְּמַיָא עֲלֵיהוֹן הָדַר דִּינָא לְאִיתְדָנָא בְּמַיָא

Now have I known that Yahuah is stronger than all gods; for by the very thing by which the Mizraee wickedly would have punished Israel by (drowning them in) the sea, upon themselves came the punishment, in being punished in the sea.

 

וּנְסַב יִתְרוֹ עַלְוָון וְנִכְסַת קוּדְשִׁין קֳדָם יְיָ וְאָתָא אַהֲרן וְכָל סָבֵי יִשְרָאֵל לְמֵיכוֹל לַחֲמָא עִם חָמוֹי דְמשֶׁה קֳדָם יְיָ וּמשֶׁה הֲוָה קָאִי וּמְשַׁמֵּשׁ קֳדָמֵיהוֹן

And Jethro took burnt offerings and holy sacrifices before Yahuah, and Aharon and all the elders of Israel came to eat bread with the father-in-law of Mosheh before Yahuah; and Mosheh stood and ministered before them.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּיוֹמָא דְבָתַר יוֹמָא דְכִפּוּרֵי וִיתֵיב משֶׁה לְמֵידַן יַת עַמָּא וְקָם עַמָּא קֳדָם משֶׁה מִן צַפְרָא עַד רַמְשָׁא

And the day after, the day of reconciliation, Mosheh sat to judge the people: and the people stood before Mosheh from morning till evening.

 

וַחֲמָא חָמוֹי דְמשֶׁה יַת כָּל דְּהוּא טָרַח וְעָבֵיד לְעַמֵּיהּ וַאֲמַר מַה פִּתְגָמָא הָדֵין דְּאַנְתְּ עָבֵיד לְעַמָּא מַה דֵּין אַנְתְּ יָתֵב לְבִלְחוֹדָךְ לְמִידוּן וְכָל עַמָּא קַיְימִין קֳדָמָךְ מִן צַפְרָא עַד רַמְשָׁא

And the father-in-law of Mosheh saw how much he toiled and labored for his people; and he said, What thing is this that thou art doing to the people? Why dost thou sit alone to judge, and all the people stand before thee from morning until evening?

 

וַאֲמַר משֶׁה לְחָמוֹי אֲרוּם אַתְיָין לְוָותִי עַמָא לְמִתְבּוֹעַ אוּלְפַן מִן קֳדָם יְיָ

And Mosheh said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to inquire for instruction from before Yahuah.

 

אֲרוּם יְהֵי לְהוֹן דִּינָא אָתָאָן לְוָותִי וְדַיֵּינָא בֵּין גַּבְרָא וּבֵין חַבְרֵיהּ וּמְהוֹדַעְנָא לְהוֹן יַת קְיָמַיָא דַיְיָ וְיַת אוֹרַיְיתֵיהּ

When they have a matter for judgment, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his fellow, and make them to know the statutes and the law of Yahuah.

 

וַאֲמַר חָמוּי דְמשֶׁה לֵיהּ לָא תַקִין פִּתְגָמָא דְאַנְתְּ עָבִיד

And the father-in-law of Mosheh said to him, This thing that thou art doing is not well ordered;

 

מִיתַר תִּינְתַר אוּף אַנְתְּ אוּף אַהֲרן וּבְנוֹי וְסָבַיָא דְעִמָּךְ אֲרוּם יַקִּיר מִינָךְ פִּתְגָּמָא לָא תֵיכוֹל לְמֶעְבְּדֵיהּ בִּלְחוֹדָךְ

thou wilt verily wear thyself away. Aharon also, and his sons, and the elders of thy people, because the thing is heavier than thou art, able to do by thyseIf, (should take part in it.)

 

כְּדוֹן קַבֵּיל מִינִי אִימְלְכִינָךְ וִיהֵי מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ בְּסַעֲדָךְ הֲוֵי אַנְתְּ לְעַמָּא תְּבַע אוּלְפַן מִן קֳדָם יְיָ וְתַיְתֵי אַנְתְּ יַת פִּתְגָמָא דִילְהוֹן קֳדָם יְיָ

Now hearken to me and I will advise thee; and may the Word of Yahuah be thy helper! When thou art with the people who seek instruction from before Yahuah, thou shouldst take their affair before Yahuah,

 

וְתַזְהַר יַתְהוֹן יַת קְיָימַיָא וְיַת אוֹרַיְיתָא וּתְהוֹדַע לְהוֹן יַת צְלוֹתָא דְיֵיצְלוּן בְּבֵית כְּנִשְׁתְּהוֹן וְיַת אוֹרְחָא דְּיַבְקְרוּן לְמָרִיעִין וּדְיַהֲכוּן לְמִיקְבּוֹר מֵתַיָא וּלְמִגְמוֹל בָּהּ חִיסְדָא וְיַת עוּבְדָא וְשׁוּרַת דִּינָא וּדְיַעַבְדוּן מִלְגַו לְשׁוּרָתָא לְרַשִׁיעַיָין

and give them counsel about the statutes and laws, make them understand the prayer they are to offer in the house of congregation, the manner of visiting the sick, of burying the dead, of being fruitful In doing good, and in the work and process of justice, and how to conduct themselves among the wicked.

 

וְאַנְתְּ בְּרוֹר מִכָּל עַמָא גִיבְרֵי חֵילָא דַחֲלַיָא דַיְיָ גּוּבְרִין דִּקְשׁוֹט דְּסָנַן לְקַבְּלָא מָמוֹן שִׁיקְרָא וּתְמַנֵי עֲלֵיהוֹן רַבָּנֵי אַלְפִין רַבָּנֵי מַאֲוָותָא רַבָּנֵי חוּמְשִׁין רַבָּנֵי עִשּׂוּרְיָיתָא

But thou shouldst elect from all the people men of ability who fear Yahuah, upright men who hate to receive the mammon of dishonesty, and superappoint them to be heads of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

 

וִידִינוּן יַת עַמָּא בְּכָל עִידַן וִיהֵי כָּל פִּתְגַּם רַב יֵיתוּן לְוָותָךְ וְכָל פִּתְגַּם קָלִיל יִדוֹנוּן הִינוּן וִיקִילוּן מִן מְטוֹל דְּעָלָךְ וִיסוֹבְרוּן עִמָךְ

And let them judge the people at all times, and every great matter bring to thee, but every little thing let them judge themselves, that they may lighten the burden that is upon thee, and bear it with thee.

 

אִין יַת פִּתְגָמָא הָדֵין תַּעֲבֵיד דְּתֵיהֵי פָנֵי מִן דִּינָא וְיַפְקְדִינָךְ יְיָ פְּקוּדַיָא וְתֵיכוּל לְמֵיקָם לְמִשְׁמָעֵהוֹן וְאוּף אַהֲרן וּבְנוֹי וְכָל סָבַיָא דְעַמָא הָדֵין עַל אֲתַר בֵּי דִינְהוֹן יֵיתוּן בִּשְׁלָם

If thou wilt do this, and exempt thyself from judging (every case) as Yahuah shall give thee instruction, thou wilt be able to continue to hear them; and Aharon also and his sons, and all the elders of this people, will resort to the place of Judgment in peace.

 

וְקַבֵּל משֶׁה לְמֵימָר חָמוֹי וְעָבַד כָּל דְּאָמַר

And Mosheh hearkened to his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.

 

וּבְחַר משֶׁה גִיבָּרֵי חֵילָא מִכָּל יִשְרָאֵל וּמַנֵי יַתְהוֹן רֵישִׁין עַל עַמָא רַבָּנֵי אַלְפִין שִׁית מְאָה רַבָּנֵי מַאֲוָותָא שִׁית אַלְפִין רַבָּנֵי חוּמְשִׁין תְּרֵיסַר אַלְפִין וְרַבָּנֵי עִישׁוֹרְיָיתָא שִׁית רִבְוָון

And Mosheh selected able men from all Israel, and appointed them chief, over the people, rabbans of thousands, six hundred; rabbans of hundreds, six thousand; rabbans of fifties, twelve thousand; and rabbans of tens, six Myriads.

 

וַהֲווֹן דַּיְינִין יַת עַמָא בְּכָל עִידַן יַת פִּתְגַם קְשֵׁי מַיְיתוּן לְוַת משֶׁה וְכָל פִּתְגַם קָלִיל דַּיְינִין הִינוּן

And they judged the people at all times; a bard case they, brought to Mosheh; but every light matter they judged it.

 

וּפְטַר משֶׁה יַת חָמוֹי וְאָזַל לֵיהּ לְגַיְירָא כָּל בְּנֵי אַרְעֵיהּ

And Mosheh parted from his father-in-law, and he went, and himself made proselytes of all the children of his land.

 

 

Chapter 19י״ט

 

 

בְּיַרְחָא תְּלִיתָאָה לְאַפְקוּת בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל מֵאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם בְּיוֹמָא הָדֵין בְּחַד לְיַרְחָא אָתוּ לְמַדְבְּרָא דְסִינָי

In the third month of the Exodus of the sons of Israel from the land of Mizraim, on that day, the first of the month, came they to the desert;

 

וּנְטָלוּ מֵרְפִידִים וְאָתוֹ לְמַדְבְּרָא דְסִינַי וּשְׁרוֹ בְּמַדְבְּרָא וּשְׁרָא תַּמָן יִשְרָאֵל בְּלֵב מְיַיחֵד כָּל קְבֵיל טַוְורָא

for they had journeyed from Rephidim, and had come to the desert of Sinai and Israel encamped there in the desert, of one heart, nigh to the mountain.

 

וּמשֶׁה סְלִיק בְּיוֹמָא תִנְיָנָא לְרֵישׁ טַוְורָא וּקְרָא לֵיהּ יְיָ מִן טַוְורָא לְמֵימָר כִּדְנָא תֵימַר לִנְשַׁיָא דְבֵית יַעֲקב וְתַתְנֵי לְבֵית יִשְרָאֵל

And Mosheh on the second day went up to the summit of the mount; and Yahuah called to him from the mount, saying, This shalt thou speak to the men of the house of Jakob, and instruct the house of Israel.

 

אַתּוּן חֲמִיתוּן מַה דִּי עֲבָדִית לְמִצְרָאֵי וּטְעָנִית יַתְכוֹן עַל עֲנָנִין הֵי כְּעַל גַּדְפֵי נִשְׁרִין מִן פִּילוּסִין וְאוֹבֵילִית יַתְכוֹן לְאַתַר בֵּית מוּקְדָּשָׁא לְמֶעֱבַד תַּמָּן פִּסְחָא וּבְהַהוּא לֵילְיָא אֲתֵיבִית יַתְכוֹן לְפִילוּסִין וּמִתַּמָּן קְרִיבִית יַתְכוֹן לְאוּלְפַן אוֹרַיְיתִי

Ye have seen what I did to the Mizraee; and how I bare you upon the clouds as upon eagles’ wings from Pelusin, to take you to the place of the sanctuary, there to solemnize the Pascha; and in the same night brought you back to Pelusin, and from thence have brought you nigh, to (receive) the doctrine of My law.

 

וּכְדוּן אִין קַבָּלָא תְּקַבְּלוּן לְמֵימְרִי וְתִנְטְרוּן יַת קְיָימַי וּתְהוֹן קֳדָמַי חֲבִיבִין מִכָּל עַמְמַיָא דְעַל אַפֵּי אַרְעָא

And now, if you will truly hearken to My Word and keep My covenant, you shall be more beloved before Me than all the peoples on the face of the earth.

 

וְאַתּוּן תְּהוֹן קֳדָמַי מַלְכִין קְטִירֵי כְּלִילָא וְכַהֲנִין מְשַׁמְשִׁין וְעַם קַדִּישׁ אִלֵין פִּתְגָמַיָא דִּתְמַלֵּיל עִם בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל

And before Me you shall be crowned kings, and sanctified priests, and a holy people. These are the words thou shalt speak to the sons of Israel.

 

וְאָתָא משֶׁה בְּיוֹמָא הַהוּא וּקְרָא לְסָבֵי עַמָא וּסְדַר קֳדָמֵיהוֹן יַת כָּל פִּתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵּין דְּפַקְדֵיהּ יְיָ

And Mosheh came that day, and called the elders of the people, and set in order before them all these words which Yahuah had commanded.

 

וְאָתִיבוּ כָּל עַמָּא כַּחֲדָא וַאֲמָרוּ כָּל דְּמַלֵּיל יְיָ נַעֲבֵיד וְאָתֵיב משֶׁה יַת פִּתְגָמֵי עַמָּא קֳדָם יְיָ

And all the people responded together, and said, All that Yahuah hath spoken we will do. And Mosheh carried back the words of the people before Yahuah.

 

וַאֲמַר יְיָ לְמשֶׁה בְּיוֹמָא תְּלִיתָאָה הָא אֲנָא מִתְגְּלֵי עֲלָךְ בְּעֵיבָא דַּעֲנַן יְקָרָא מִן בִּגְלַל דְּיִשְׁמְעוּן עַמָּא בְּמַלָּלוּתִי עִמָּךְ וְאוּף בָּךְ יְהֵימְנוּן לְעָלַם וְתַנִי משֶׁה יַת פִּתְגָּמֵי עַמָּא קֳדָם יְיָ

And Yahuah said to Mosheh, Behold, on the third day I will reveal Myself to thee in the depth of the cloud of glory, that the people may hear while I speak with thee, and may believe in thee forever. And Mosheh delivered the words of the people before Yahuah.

 

וַאֲמַר יְיָ לְמשֶׁה בְּיוֹמָא רְבִיעַאָה אִיזֵיל לְוַת עַמָּא וְתִזְמְנִינוּן יוֹמָא דֵין וְיוֹם מָחְרָא וִיחַוְורוּן לְבוּשֵׁיהוֹן

And Yahuah said to Mosheh on the fourth day, Go unto the people, and prepare them today and tomorrow; let them wash their raiment,

 

וִיהוֹן זְמִינִין לְיוֹמָא תְּלִיתָאָה אֲרוּם בְּיוֹמָא תְּלִיתָאָה יִתְגְּלֵי יְיָ לְעֵינֵי כָל עַמָּא עַל טוּרָא דְסִינָי

and be prepared On the third day; for on the third day Yahuah will reveal Himself to the eyes of all the people, upon the Mount of Sinai.

 

וְתַתְחֵם יַת עַמָּא וִיקוּמוּן חֲזוֹר חֲזוֹר לְטוּרָא לְמֵימָר הֲווֹ זְהִירִין מִלְמֵיסַק בְּהַר וּלְמִקְרַב בְּסַיְיפֵיהּ כָּל דְּיִקְרַב בְּטַוְורָא אִתְקְטָלָא יִתְקְטֵיל

And thou shalt set limits for the people that they may stand round about the mountain, and shalt say, Beware that you ascend not the mount, nor come near its confines; whoever cometh nigh the mount will be surely put to death.

 

לָא תִקְרַב בֵּיהּ יְדָא אֲרוּם יִתְרְגָמָא יִתְרְגֵם בְּאַבְנָא בַרְדָא אוֹ גִירִין דְּאֵשָׁא יִדְרְקוּן בֵּיהּ אִין בְּעִירָא אִין אֵינָשָׁא לָא יִתְקַיֵּים בְּרַם בְּמֵיגַד קַל שׁוֹפְרָא הִינוּן מַרְשַׁן לְמֵיסַק בְּטַוְורָא

Touch it not with the hand; for he will be stoned with hailstone, or be pierced with arrows of fire; whether beast or man, he will not live. But when the voice of the trumpet is heard, they may go up (forwards) towards the mount.

 

וּנְחַת משֶׁה בְּיוֹמָא הַהוּא לְוַת עַמָּא וְזַמִּין יַת עַמָּא וְחַוָּרוּ לְבוּשֵׁיהוֹן

And Mosheh went down that day to the people, and prepared the people, and they blanched their clothes.

 

וַאֲמַר לְעַמָּא הֲווֹ זְמִינִין לִתְלָתֵי יוֹמִין לָא תִקְרְבוּן לְתַשְׁמִישׁ דְעָרִיס

And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day; abstain from the marriage-bed.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּיוֹמָא תְּלִיתָאָה בְּשִׁיתָּא בְּיַרְחָא בְּעִידוֹנֵי צַפְרָא וַהֲוָה קָלִין דִּרְעֵים וּבְרָקִים וַעֲנָנָא תַּקִּיף קְטִיר עַל טַוְורָא וְקַל שׁוֹפָרָא תַקִּיף לַחֲדָא וְזַע כָּל עַמָּא דִי בְּמַשְׁרִיתָא

And it was on the third day, on the sixth of the month, in the time of the morning, that on the mountain there were voices of thunders, and lightnings, and mighty clouds of smoke, and a voice of a trumpet exceeding loud; and all the people in the camp trembled.

 

וְאַנְפֵּיק משֶׁה יַת עַמָּא לִקְדָמוּת שְׁכִינְתָּא דַיְיָ מִן מַשְׁרִיתָא וּמִן יַד תָּלִישׁ מָארֵי עַלְמָא יַת טַוְורָא וְזַקְפֵיהּ בְּאַוִירָא וַהֲוָה זַיֵיג הֵי כְּאִסְפַּקְלַרְיָא וְאִתְעַתָּדוּ תְּחוֹתֵי טַוְורָא

And Mosheh brought forth the people from the camp to meet the glorious Presence of Yahuah; and suddenly Yahuah of the world uprooted the mountain, and lifted it in the air, and it became luminous as a beacon, and they stood beneath the mountain.

 

וְטַוְורָא דְסִינַי תָנֵין כּוּלֵיהּ מִן בִּגְלַל דְּאַרְכִין לֵיהּ שְׁמַיָא וְאִתְגְּלֵי עֲלוֹי בְּאֵישָׁא מְצַלְהֲבָא וְסָלֵיק קוּטְרֵיהּ הֵי כְקוּטְרָא דְאַתּוּנָא וְזַע כָּל טַוְורָא לַחֲדָא

And all the mount of Sinai was in flame; for the heavens had overspread it, and He was revealed over it in flaming fire, and the smoke went up as the smoke of a furnace, and all the mountain quaked greatly.

 

וְהַוָּה קַל שׁוֹפָרָא אָזִיל וְתַקִּיף לַחֲדָא משֶׁה הֲוָה מְמַלֵּיל וּמִן קֳדָם יְיָ הֲוָה מִתְעַנֵי בְקַל נָעִים וּמְשַׁבַּח וּנְעִימָתָא מַלְיָא

And the voice of the trumpet went forth, and grew stronger: (then) Mosheh spake, and was answered from before Yahuah with a gracious and majestic voice, and with pleasant and gracious words.

 

וְאִתְגְּלֵי יְיָ עַל טַוְורָא דְסִינַי עַל רֵישׁ טַוְורָא וּקְרָא יְיָ לְמשֶׁה לְרֵישׁ טַוְורָא וּסְלֵיק משֶׁה

And Yahuah revealed Himself on mount Sinai upon the summit of the mountain, and Yahuah called unto Mosheh from the summit of the mount, and Mosheh went up.

 

וַאֲמַר יְיָ לְמשֶׁה חוּת אַסְהִיד בְּעַמָּא דִּלְמָא יְכַוְּונוּן קֳדָם יְיָ לְאִסְתַּכְּלָא וְיַפִּיל מִנְהוֹן רַב דִּבְהוֹן

And Yahuah said to Mosheh, Descend, and warn the people, lest they come directly before Yahuah to gaze, and many of them fall.

 

וְאוּף כַּהֲנַיָא דִּקְרִיבִין לְשַׁמְשָׁא קֳדָם יְיָ יִתְקַדְּשׁוּן דִּלְמָא יִקְטוֹל בְּהוֹן יְיָ

The priests, also, who approach to minister before Yahuah, must be sanctified, lest Yahuah destroy them.

 

וַאֲמַר משֶׁה קֳדָם יְיָ לָא יִכְלוּן עַמָּא לְמֵיסַק לְטַוְורָא דְסִינַי אֲרוּם אַנְתְּ אַסְהֵידְתָּא בָּנָא לְמֵימָר תָּחִים יַת טַוְורָא וְקַדְשׁוֹהִי

And Mosheh said before Yahuah, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai, because Thou didst instruct us, saying, Make limits to the mount, and sanctify it.

 

וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ יְיָ אִיזֵל חוֹת וְתִיסַק אַנְתְּ וְאַהֲרן עִמָּךְ וְכַהֲנַיָא וְעַמָּא לָא יְכַוְונוּן לְמִיסוּק לְמִסְתַּכְּלָא קֳדָם יְיָ דִּילְמָא יִקְטוֹל בְּהוֹן

And Yahuah said to him, Go down, and then ascend, thou and Aharon with thee; but let not the, priests or the people directly come up to gaze before Yahuah, lest He slay them.

 

וּנְחַת משֶׁה מִן טַוְורָא לְוַת עַמָּא וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן קְרִיבוּ קַבִּילוּ אוֹרַיְיתָא עִם עֲשַרְתֵּי דִבְּרַיָא

And Mosheh went down from the mountain to the people, and said to them, Draw nigh and hear the Law with Ten Words.

 

 

Chapter 20כ׳

וּמַלֵּיל יְיָ יַת כָּל דִּבְּרַיָא הָאִילֵין לְמֵימָר

And Yahuah spake all these words, saying:

 

דְּבִירָא קַדְמָאָה כַּד הֲוָה נָפִיק מִן פּוּם קוּדְשָׁא יְהֵי שְׁמֵיהּ מְבָרֵךְ הֵי כְזִיקִין וְהֵי כְבַרְקִין וְהֵי כְשַׁלְהוֹבְיָין לַמְפַּד דִּינוּר מִן יְמִנֵיהּ וְלַמְפַּד דְּאֵישָׁא מִן שְמָאלֵיהּ פָּרַח וְטַיֵּיס בְּאַוִיר שְׁמַיָא וְחָזַר וּמִתְחַמֵּי עַל מַשִּׁירְיַתְהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל וְחָזַר וּמִתְחֲקֵק עַל לוּחֵי קְיָימָא דַהֲווֹן יְהִיבִין בְּכַף יְדוֹי דְמשֶׁה וּמִתְהֲפִיךְ בְּהוֹן מִן סְטַר לִסְטָר וּבְכֵן צָוַוח וְאָמַר עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל אֲנָא הוּא אֱלָהָכוֹן דִּי פְּרָקִית וְאַפֵּיקִית יַתְכוֹן פְּרִיקִין מִן אַרְעָא דְּמִצְרָאֵי מִבֵּית שִׁעְבוּד עַבְדַיָּא

The first word, as it came forth from the mouth of the Holy One, whose Name be blessed, was like storms, and lightnings, and flames of fire, with a burning light on His right hand and on His left. It winged its way through the air of the heavens, and was made manifest unto the camp of Israel, and returned, and was engraven on the tables of the covenant that were given by the hand of Mosheh, and were turned in them from side to side: and then called He, and said: Sons of Israel My people, I am Yahuah your God, who brought you out free from the land of Mizraim, from the house of the bondage of slaves.

 

דְּבִירָא תִּנְיָנָא כַּד הֲוָה נָפִיק מִן פּוּם קוּדְשָׁא יְהֵי שְׁמֵיהּ מְבָרֵךְ הֵי כְּזִיקִין וְהֵי כְבַרְקִין וְהֵי כְּשַׁלְהוֹבִין דִּינוּר לַמְפַּד דִּינוּר מִן יְמִינֵיהּ וְלַמְפַּד דְּאֵישָׁא מִן שְמָאלֵיהּ פָּרַח וְטַיֵּיס בְּאַוִיר שְׁמַיָא חָזַר וּמִתְחַמֵּי עַל מַשִׁירְיַתְהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל וְחָזַר וּמִתְחַקֵּק עַל לוּחֵי קְיָימָא וּמִתְהַפִּיךְ בְּהוֹן מִן סְטַר לִסְטַר וּבְכֵן הֲוָה צָוַוח וְאָמַר עַמִּי בֵּית יִשְרָאֵל לָא יֶהֱוֵי לָךְ אֱלָהָא אוֹחֲרָן בַּר מִינִי

The second word which came forth from the mouth of the Holy One, whose name be blessed, was like storms, and lightnings, and flames of fire. A burning light was on His right hand and on His left and was borne through the air of the heavens, returned, and was made manifest unto the camp of Israel; it returned, and was engraven on the tables of the covenant, and was turned in them from side to side. Then called He, and said, House of Israel, My people, Thou shalt have no other God beside Me.

 

לָא תַעַבְדוּן לְכוֹן צְלַם וְצוּרָא וְכָל דְּמוֹי דְּבִשְׁמַיָא מִלְּעֵיל וְדִי בְאַרְעָא מִלְּרַע וְדִי בְמַיָא מִלְּרַע לְאַרְעָא

You shall not make to yourselves image or figure, or any similitude of what is in the heavens above, or on the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth.

 

לָא תִסְגְּדוּן לְהוֹן וְלָא תִפְלְחוּן קֳדָמֵיהוֹן אֲרוּם אֲנָא יְיָ אֱלָהָכוֹן אֱלָהּ קַנָאַן וּפוּרְעַן וּמִתְפְּרַע בְּקִינָאָה מַדְכַּר חוֹבֵי אַבְהַת רַשִׁיעַן עַל בְּנִין מְרָדִין עַל דַּר תְּלִיתָאֵי וְעַל דַּר רְבִיעָאֵי לְשׁוֹנְאָי

You shall not bow down to them, or worship before them; for I Yahuah your God am a jealous God and an avenger, punishing with vengeance, recording the guilt of wicked fathers upon rebellious children unto the third and unto the fourth generation of them who hate Me;

 

וּנְטִיר חֶסֶד וְטִיבוּ לְאַלְפִין דָרִין לְרַחֲמַי צַדִּיקַיָא וּלְנַטְרֵי פִּיקוּדָי וְאוֹרַיְיתָי

but keeping mercy and goodness for thousands of generations of the righteous who love Me, and who keep My commandments and My laws.

 

עַמִּי בֵּית יִשְרָאֵל לָא יִשְׁתְּבַּע חַד מִנְכוֹן בְּשׁוּם מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ אֱלָהָכוֹן עַל מַגָּן אֲרוּם לָא מִזַכֵּי יְיָ בְּיוֹם דִּינָא רַבָּא יַת כָּל מַאן דְּמִשְׁתְּבַע בִּשְׁמֵיהּ עַל מַגָּן

My people of the house of Israel, Let no one of you swear by the name of the Word of Yahuah your God in vain; for in the day of the great judgment Yahuah will not hold guiltless any one who sweareth by His name in vain.

 

עַמִּי בֵּית יִשְרָאֵל הֲווֹן דְּכִירִין יוֹמָא דְשַׁבַּתָּא לְמַקְדְּשָׁא יָתֵיהּ

My people of the house of Israel, Remember the day of Shabbatha, to sanctify it.

 

שִׁיתָּא יוֹמִין תִּפְלְחוּן וְתַעַבְדוּן כָּל עֲבִדְתֵּיכוֹן

Six days you shall labour, and do all your service:

 

וְיוֹמָא שְׁבִיעָאָה שַׁבָּת וְנַיַּיח קֳדָם יְיָ אֱלָהָכוֹן לָא תַעְבְדוּן כָּל עִבִידְתָּא אַתּוּן וּבְנֵיכוֹן וּבְנָתֵיכוֹן וְעַבְדֵיכוֹן וְאַמְהוֹתֵיכוֹן וְגִיּוֹרֵיכוֹן בְּקִירְוֵיכוֹן

but the seventh day is (for) rest and quietude before Yahuah your God: you shall not perform any work, you, and your sons, and your daughters, and your servants, and your handmaids, and your sojourners who are in your cities.

 

אֲרוּם בְּשִׁתָּא יוֹמִין בָּרָא יְיָ יַת שְׁמַיָא וְיַת אַרְעָא יַת יַמָא וְיַת כָּל מַה דְּאִית בְּהוֹן וְנַח בְּיוֹמָא שְׁבִיעָאָה בְּגִין כֵּן בְּרִיךְ יְיָ יַת יוֹמָא דְשַׁבְּתָא וְקַדִּישׁ יָתֵיהּ

For in six days Yahuah created the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and whatever is therein, and rested on the seventh day: therefore Yahuah hath blessed the day of Shabbatha and sanctified it.

 

עַמִּי בֵּית יִשְרָאֵל הֲווֹ זְהִירִין גְּבַר בִּיקָרָא דְאָבוּהִי וּבִיקָרָא דְאִמֵיהּ מִן בִּגְלַל דְּיִסְגוּן יוֹמֵיכוֹן עַל אַרְעָא דַיְיָ אֱלָהָכוֹן יָהִיב לְכוֹן

My people, the house of Israel, Let every man be instructed in the honour of his father and in the honour of his mother: that your days may be multiplied upon the land which Yahuah your God giveth you.

 

עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תֶהֱווּן קְטוֹלִין לָא חַבְרִין וְלָא שׁוּתְּפִין עִם קְטוֹלִין וְלָא יִתְחָמֵי בִּכְנִשְׁתְּהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל עִם קְטוֹלִין וְלָא יְקוּמוּן בְּנֵיכוֹן מִן בַּתְרֵיכוֹן וְיִלְפוּן לְחוֹד הִינוּן לְמֶהֱוֵי עִם קְטוֹלִין אֲרוּם בְּחוֹבֵי קְטוֹלַיָא חַרְבָּא נָפִיק עַל עַלְמָא: לא תנאף עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תֶהֱווּן גִּיּוּרִין לָא חַבְרִין וְלָא שׁוּתָּפִין עִם גִּיּוּרִין וְלָא יִתְחָמֵי בִּכְנִשְׁתְּהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל עִם גִּיּוּרִין דְּלָא יְקוּמוּן בְּנֵיכוֹן מִן בַּתְרֵיכוֹן וְיִלְפוּן לְחוֹד הִינוּן לְמֶהֱוֵי עִם גִּיּוּרִין אֲרוּם בְּחוֹבֵי גִיּוּרָא מוֹתָא נָפִיק עַל עַלְמָא: לא תגנוב עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תֶהֱווּן גַּנָּבִין לָא חַבְרִין וְלָא שׁוּתָּפִין עִם גַּנָּבִין וְלָא יִתְחָמֵי בִּכְנִשְׁתְּהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל עִם גַּנָּבִין דְּלָא יְקוּמוּן בְּנֵיכוֹן מִן בַּתְרֵיכוֹן וְיִלְפוּן לְחוֹד הִינוּן לְמֶהֱוֵי עִם גַּנָּבִין אֲרוּם בְּחוֹבֵי גַנָבַיָא כַּפְנָא נָפִיק עַל עַלְמָא: לא תענה עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תֶהֱווּן מְסַהֲדִין בְּחַבְרֵיכוֹן סַהֲדֵי שִׁיקְרָא לָא חַבְרִין וְלָא שׁוּתָּפִין עִם מְסַהְדִין סַהֲדֵי שִׁקְרָא וְלָא יִתְחָמֵי בִּכְנִשְׁתְּהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל עִם מְסַהֲדִין סַהֲדֵי שִׁיקְרָא דְלָא יְקוּמוּן בְּנֵיכוֹן בַּתְרֵיכוֹן וְיִלְפוּן לְחוֹד הִינוּן לְמֶהֱוֵי עִם מְסַהֲדִין סַהֲדֵי שִׁיקְרָא אֲרוּם בְּחוֹבֵי סַהֲדֵי שִׁיקְרָא עֲנָנָן סַלְקִין וּמִטְרָא לָא נָחִית וּבְצוֹרָתָא אַתְיָא עַל עַלְמָא

My people, the sons of Israel, You. shall not be murderers; you shall not be companions of or partakers with murderers: in the congregations of Israel there shall not be seen a murderous people; neither shall your sons rise up after you and teach one another to take part with murderers: for on account of the guilt of murder the sword cometh forth upon the world: My people of the house of Israel, Be ye not adulterers, nor companions nor partakers with adulterers: nor in the congregations of Israel shall there be seen an adulterous people, that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with adulterers: for through the guilt of adultery death cometh forth upon the world: Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not be thieves, nor companions nor partakers with thieves: there shall not be seen in the congregations of Israel a thievish people; that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with thieves: for on account of the guilt of theft famine cometh forth upon the world: Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not testify against your neighbours a testimony of falsehood, nor be companions or partakers with those who bear false witness nor shall there be seen in the congregations of Israel a people who testify a testimony of falsehood; neither shall your sons arise after you to teach one another to have part with those who testify falsehood: for because of the guilt of false testimony the clouds go up and the rain cometh not down, and dryness cometh upon the world.

 

עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תֶהֱווּן חֲמִידִין לָא חַבְרִין וְלָא שׁוּתָּפִין עִם חֲמִידִין וְלָא יִתְחֲמוּן בִּכְנִשְׁתְּהוֹן דְּיִשְרָאֵל עִם חֲמוּדִין דְּלָא יְקוּמוּן בְּנֵיכוֹן מִן בַּתְרֵיכוֹן וְיִלְפוּן לְחוֹד הִינוּן לְמֶהֱוֵי עִם חֲמוּדִין וְלָא יַחְמִיד חַד מִנְכוֹן יַת אִנְתְּתֵיהּ דְּחַבְרֵיהּ וְלָא לְעַבְדֵיהּ וְלָא לְאַמְתֵיהּ וְלָא לְתוֹרֵיהּ וְלָא לְחַמְרֵיהּ וְלָא לְכָל מַאן דְּאִית לְחַבְרֵיהּ אֲרוּם בְחוֹבֵי חִמּוּדַיָא מַלְכוּתָא מִתְגַרְיָא בְּנִכְסֵיהוֹן דִּבְנֵי נְשָׁא וּלְמֵיסַב יַתְהוֹן וְעַתִּירֵי נִכְסִין מִתְמַסְכְּנִין וְגָלוּתָא אַתְיָא עַל עַלְמָא

Sons of Israel My people, Ye shall not be covetous companions or partakers with the covetous: nor shall there be seen in the congregations of Israel a covetous people; that your sons may not arise after you to teach one another to have part with the covetous: neither shall any among you covet the wife of his neighbour, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass nor anything that belongeth to his neighbour; because through the guilt of covetousness the government breaketh in upon the possessions of men to take them, and the wealthy are made poor, and slavery cometh upon the world.

 

וְכָל עַמָּא חַמְיַין יַת קָלַיָיא הֵיךְ הֲווֹ מִתְהַפְּכִין בְּשָׁמְעֲהוֹן דְּכָל חַד וְחַד וְהֵיךְ הֲווֹ נַפְקִין מִן גּוֹ בְּעוּרַיָא וְיַת קַל שׁוֹפְרָא הֵיךְ הֲוָה מְחֵי מֵיתַיָא וְיַת טוּרָא תָּנֵין וְחָמוּן כָּל עַמָּא וּרְתָעַן וְקָמוּ תְּרֵיסַר מִילִין מֵרָחִיק

And all the people saw the thunders, and were turned back, every one as he heard them coming forth from the midst of the lights, and the voice of the trumpet as it will raise the dead, and the mountain smoking; and all the people saw and drew back, and stood twelve miles off.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ לְמשֶׁה מַלֵּיל אַנְתְּ עִמָּנָא וּנְקַבֵּיל וְלָא יִתְמַלֵּל עִמָּנָא תּוּב מִן קֳדָם יְיָ דִלְמָא נְמוּת

And they said to Mosheh, Speak thou with us, and we can hear; but let it not be spoken with us any more from before Yahuah, lest we die.

 

וַאֲמַר משֶׁה לְעַמָּא לָא תְדַחֲלוּן אֲרוּם מִן בִּגְלַל לְנַסָּיוּתְכוֹן אִתְגְּלֵי לְכוֹן יְקָרָא דַיְיָ וּמִן בִּגְלַל דְּתֶהֱוֵי דַחַלְתֵּיהּ עַל אַפֵּיכוֹן בְּגִין דְּלָא תְחוּבוּן

And Mosheh said to the people, Fear not; for the glory of Yahuah is revealed to try you, whether His fear is before your faces, that ye may not sin.

 

וְקָם עַמָּא תְּרֵיסַר מִילִין מֵרָחִיק וּמשֶׁה קָרֵיב לְצֵית אַמִיטְתָא דְתַּמָּן יְקַר שְׁכִינְתָּא דַיְיָ

And the people stood twelve miles off; but Mosheh drew near to the height of the darkness where was the glory of Yahuah.

 

וַאֲמַר יְיָ לְמשֶׁה כִּדְנָא תֵימַר לִבְנֵי יִשְרָאֵל אַתּוּן חֲמִיתּוּן אֲרוּם מִן שְׁמַיָא מַלֵּילִית עִמְכוֹן

And Yahuah said to Mosheh, Speak thus to the sons of Israel: You have seen that from the heavens I have spoken with you;

 

עַמִּי בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לָא תַעַבְדוּן לְמִסְגוֹד דְּמוּת שִׁמְשָׁא וְסִיהֲרָא וְכוֹכְבַיָא וּמַזְלַיָא וּמַלְאָכַיָא דִמְשַׁמְשִׁין קֳדָמוֹי דַּחֲלָן דִּכְסַף וְדַחֲלָן דִּדְהַב לָא תַעַבְדוּן לְכוֹן

sons of Israel, My people, you shall not make, that you may worship, the likeness of the sun or the moon or the stars, or the planets, or the angels who minister before Me; idols of silver, nor idols of gold, ye shall not make to you.

 

מַדְבַּח אַדְמְתָא תַעֲבֵיד לִשְׁמִי וּתְהֵי דַבַּח עֲלוֹי יַת עַלְוָותָךְ וְיַת נִכְסַת קוּדְשָׁךְ מִן עָנָךְ וּמִן תּוֹרָךְ בְּכָל אַתְרָא דְאַשְׁרֵי שְׁכִינְתִּי וְאַנְתְּ פְּלַח קֳדָמַי תַּמָּן אֲשַׁלַח עֲלָךְ בִּרְכָתִי וְאֵיבָרֵיכִינָךְ

An altar of earth ye shall make to My Name, and sacrifice upon it thy burnt offerings and thy sanctified oblations from thy sheep and from thy oxen. And in every place where My Shekinah shall dwell, and thou worship before Me, there will I send My blessing upon thee, and will bless thee.

 

וְאִם מַדְבַּח אַבְנִין תַּעֲבֵיד לִשְׁמִי לָא תִבְנֵי יַתְהוֹן חֲצִיבִין דְּאִין אֲרֵימַת פַּרְזְלָא דְמִנֵיהּ מִתְעֲבֵיד סְיָיפָא עַל אַבְנָא אַפִיסְתָּא יָתָהּ

But if thou wilt make an altar of stones unto My Name, thou shalt not build them sculptured; for if thou lift up iron, from which the sword is made, upon the stone, thou wilt profane it.

 

וְאַתּוּן כַּהֲנַיָא דְקַיְימִין לְמִשַׁמְשָׁא קֳדָמַי לָא תִסְקוּן בְּמַסוּקְיָין עַל מַדְבְּחִי אֱלָהֵן בְּגִשְׁרַיָא דְלָא תִּתְחַמֵי עִירְיָתָךְ עֲלוֹי

And you, the priests, who stand to minister before Me, shall not ascend to My altar by steps, but by (sloping) bridges; that thy shame may not be seen thereupon.

 

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