Targum Torah Portion Week 12: Vayechi וַיְחִי “And He Lived”

by | Dec 24, 2019

Targum Jonathan on Genesis

Week 12

Chapters 47:28 – 50

 

 

Chapter 47:28

 

ויחי וַחֲיָא יַעֲקב בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם שֶׁבְסְרֵי שְׁנִין וַהֲווֹ יוֹמֵי יַעֲקב סְכוּם יוֹמֵי חֲיוֹי מְאָה וְאַרְבְּעִין וּשְׁבַע שְׁנִין

And Jakob lived in the land of Mizraim seventeen years. And the sum of the days of Jakob, of the days of his life, was a hundred and forty and seven years.

 

וּקְרִיבוּ יוֹמֵי יִשְרָאֵל לִמְמַת וּקְרָא לִבְרֵיהּ לְיוֹסֵף וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ אִין כְּדוֹן אַשְׁכָּחִית רַחֲמִין קֳדָמָךְ שַׁוִי כְּדוֹן אִידָךְ בִּגְזֵירַת מְהוּלְתִּי וְתַעֲבֵיד כְּדוּן עִמִי טִיבוּ וּקְשׁוֹט לָא כְדוֹן תִּקְבְּרִינַנִי בְּמִצְרָיִם

And the days of Israel drew near to die. And he called to his son, to Joseph, and said to him, If now I have found favour before thee, put thy hand on the place of my circumcision, and deal with me in goodness and truth, That thou wilt not bury me in Mizraim,

 

וְאֶשְׁכּוֹב עִם אַבְהָתַי וְתִטְלִינַנִי מִמִצְרַיִם וְתִקְבְּרִינַנִי בִּקְבוּרְתְּהוֹן וּמִן בִּגְלַל דְהוּא בְּרֵיהּ לָא שַׁוִי יְדֵיהּ אֱלָהֵן אָמַר אֲנָא אַעְבֵיד כְּפִתְגָמָךְ

that I may sleep with my fathers, and thou mayest carry me from Mizraim, and bury me in their sepulchre. But because he was his son he did not (so) put his hand; but said, I will do according to thy word.

 

וַאֲמַר קַיֵים לִי וְקַיֵים לֵיהּ מִן יַד אִתְגְלֵי עֲלוֹי יְקַר שְׁכִינְתָּא דַיְיָ וּסְגִיד יִשְרָאֵל עַל רֵישׁ דַרְגְשָׁא

And he said, Swear tome: and he sware to him. And immediately the Glory of the Shekina of the Lord was revealed to him, and Israel worshipped upon the pillow of the bed.

 

 

Chapter 48מ״ח

וַהֲוָה בָּתַר פִּתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵין וְאִיתְאַמַר לְיוֹסֵף לְמֵימַר אָבוּךְ שְׁכִיב מְרַע וּדְבַר יַת תְּרֵין בְּנוֹי עִמֵיהּ יַת מְנַשֶׁה וְיַת אֶפְרָיִם

And after these things it was told Joseph, Behold, thy father is lying ill. And he took his two sons with him., Menasheh and Ephraim.

 

וְתַנִיאוּ לְיַעֲקב לְמֵימַר הָא בְּרָךְ יוֹסֵף אָתֵי לְוָתָךְ וְאִתְקֵף יִשְרָאֵל וִיתֵיב עַל דַרְגְשָׁא

And it was announced to Jakob, saying, Behold, thy son Joseph hath come to thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.

 

וַאֲמַר יַעֲקב לְיוֹסֵף אֵל שַׁדַי אִתְגְלִי לִי בְּלוּז בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן וּבְרִיךְ יָתִי

And Jakob said to Joseph: El Shadai revealed Himself to me at Luz, in the land of Kenaan, and blessed me.

 

וַאֲמַר לִי הָא נָא מַפִּישׁ לָךְ וּמַסְגִי לָךְ וְאִיתְּנִינָךְ לְכִנְשַׁת שִׁבְטִין וְאֶתֵּן יַת אַרְעָא הָדָא לִבְרָךְ בַּתְרָךְ אַחְסָנַת עֲלָם

And He said to me, Behold, I will increase thee and multiply thee, and make thee an assemblage of tribes, and will give this land to thy sons after thee for an everlasting inheritance.

 

וּכְדוֹן תְּרֵין בְּנָךְ דְאִתְיְלִידוּ לָךְ בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם עַד דְאָתִית לְוָתָךְ לְמִצְרַיִם דִילִי אִינוּן אֶפְרַיִם וּמְנַשֶׁה כִּרְאוּבֵן וְשִׁמְעוֹן מִתְחַשְׁבִין לִי

And now, thy two sons who have been born to thee in the land of Mizraim before I came to thee into Mizraim are mine; Ephraim and Menasheh as Reuben and Shimeon shall be reckoned unto me.

 

וּבְנָךְ דִי תוֹלִיד בַּתְרֵיהוֹן דִילָךְ יְהוֹן עַל שׁוּם אֲחֵיהוֹן יִתְקְרוּן בְּאַחְסַנְתְּהוֹן

And thy children whom thou mayest beget after them shall be thine; by the name of their brethren shall they be called in their inheritance.

 

וַאֲנָא דְבָּעִיתִי מִינָךְ לְמִקְבְּרִי עִם אַבְהָתַי מִיתַת עָלַי רָחֵל בִּתְכֵּיף בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן בְּאוֹרְחָא בְּעוֹד סוֹגְעֵי אַרְעָא לְמֵיעוּל לְאֶפְרָת וְלָא יְכֵילִית לְסוֹבְרוּתָהּ לְמִקְבְּרָהּ בִּמְעָרַת כְּפֵילְתָּא וּקְבַרְתָּהּ תַּמָן בְּאוֹרַח אֶפְרָת הִיא בֵּית לָחֶם

And I beseech thee to bury me with my fathers. Rahel died by me suddenly in the land of Kenaan, while there was yet much ground to come to Ephrath; nor could I carry her to bury her in the Double Cave, but I buried her there, in the way of Ephrath which is Bethlehem.

 

וַחֲמָא יִשְרָאֵל יַת בְּנוֹי דְיוֹסֵף וַאֲמַר מִן מַאן אִתְיְלִידוּ לָךְ אִלֵין

And Israel looked at the sons of Joseph and said, From whom are these born to thee?

 

וַאֲמַר יוֹסֵף לְאָבוּי בְּנַיי הִינוּן דִיהַב לִי מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ כְּדֵין כְּתָבָא דְעָלֵיהּ נְסֵיבִית יַת אָסְנַת בְּרַת דִינָה בְּרַתָּךְ לְאִינְתּוּ וַאֲמַר קָרֵבִינוֹן כְּדוֹן לְוָתִי וְאֵיבָרִיכִינוּן

And Joseph answered his father, They are my sons which the Word of the Lord gave me according to this writing, according to which I took Asenath the daughter of Dinah thy daughter to be my wife. And he said, Bring them now near to me, and I will bless them.

 

וְעֵינֵי יִשְרָאֵל יְקָרָן מִן סֵיבוּ וְלָא יָכִיל לְמֵיחְמֵי וּקְרִיב יַתְהוֹן לְוָתֵיהּ וּנְשַׁק לְהוֹן וְגַפֵיף לְהוֹן

But Israel’s eyes were heavy from age, and he could not see. And he brought them to him, and he kissed them and embraced them.

 

וַאֲמַר יִשְרָאֵל לְיוֹסֵף מֵיחְמֵי סְבַר אַפָּךְ לָא חֲשִׁיבִית וְהָא אַחְמֵי יָתִי יְיָ אוּף יַת בְּנָךְ

And Israel said to Joseph, To see thy face I had not reckoned, but, behold, the Lord hath also showed me thy sons.

 

וְאַפֵּיק יוֹסֵף יַתְהוֹן מִלְוַת רְכוּבוֹי וּסְגִיד עַל אַפּוֹי עַל אַרְעָא

And Joseph brought them out from (between) his knees, and worshiped on his face upon the ground.

 

וּדְבַר יוֹסֵף יַת תַּרְוֵיהוֹם יַת אֶפְרַיִם מִן צְטַר יְמִינֵיהּ דְהוּא שְמָאלֵיהּ דְיִשְרָאֵל וְיַת מְנַשֶׁה מִן צְטַר שְמָאלֵיהּ דְהוּא יְמִינָא דְיִשְרָאֵל וּקְרֵיב לְוָותֵיהּ

And Joseph took both of them, Ephraim on his right side, which was Israel’s left, and Menasheh on his left side, which was Israel’s right, and brought them to him.

 

וְאוֹשִׁיט יִשְרָאֵל יַת יְמִינֵיהּ וְשַׁוִי עַל רֵישָׁא דְאֶפְרַיִם וְהוּא זְעֵירָא וְיַת שְמָאלֵיהּ עַל רֵישָׁא דִמְנַשֶׁה פְּרַג יַת יְדוֹי אֲרוּם מְנַשֶׁה בּוּכְרָא

And Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it upon the head of Ephraim, though he was the younger; and his left hand upon the head of Menasheh, altering his hands, for Menasheh was the firstborn.

 

וּבְרִיךְ יַת יוֹסֵף וַאֲמַר יְיָ דִי פְלָחוּ אַבְהָתַי קֳדָמוֹי אַבְרָהָם וְיִצְחָק יְיָ דְאֵיזַן יָתִי מִדְאִיתְנִי עַד יוֹמָא הָדֵין

And he blessed Joseph, and said: The Lord, before whom my fathers Abraham and Izhak, did serve; the Lord who hath fed me since I have been unto this day,

 

יְהֵי רַעֲוָא קֳדָמָךְ דְמַלְאָכָא דְזַמִינְתָּא לִי לְמִפְרַק יָתִי מִכָּל בִּישָׁא יְבָרֵךְ יַת טַלְיָיא וְיִתְקְרִי בְהוֹן שְׁמִי וְשׁוּם אַבְהָתַי אַבְרָהָם וְיִצְחָק וְהֵיכְמָא דְכַוְורֵי יַמָא סַגִי מִסְתְּגֵי בְמַיָא כְּדֵין בְּנוֹי דְיוֹסֵף יִתְקְפוּן לִסְגֵי בְּגוֹ אַרְעָא

be pleased that the angel whom thou didst ordain for me, to redeem me from all evil, may bless the children; and let my name be called upon them, and the names of my fathers Abrabam and Izhak. And as the fishes of the sea in multiplying are multiplied in the sea, so may the children of Joseph be multiplied abundantly in the midst of the earth.

 

וַחֲמָא יוֹסֵף אֲרוּם מְשַׁוִי אָבוּי יַת יַד יְמִינֵיהּ עַל רֵישָׁא דְאֶפְרָיִם וּבְאִישׁ קֳדָמוֹי וְסַעֲדָא לְיָדָא דְאָבוּי לְאַעְדָאָה יָתָהּ מֵעַל רֵישָׁא דְאֶפְרָיִם לְאַנְחוּתֵיהּ עַל רֵישָׁא דִמְנַשֶׁה

And Joseph saw that his father placed his right hand upon Ephraim’s head; and it was evil before him, and he uplifted his father’s hand to remove it from off the head of Ephraim, that it might rest on the head of Menasheh.

 

וַאֲמַר יוֹסֵף לְאָבוּי לָא כְדֵין אַבָּא אֲרוּם דֵין בּוּכְרָא שַׁוִי יַד יְמִינָךְ עַל רֵישֵׁיהּ

And Joseph said to his father, Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn; lay thy right hand on his head.

 

וְסָרֵב אָבוּי וַאֲמַר יָדַעְנָא בְּרִי יָדַעְנָא דְהוּא בּוּכְרָא אוּף חֲכִּימְנָא דְאוּף הוּא יְהֵי לְעַם רַב וְאוּף הוּא יִסְגֵי וּבְרַם אָחוֹי קַלִילָא יַסְגֵי יַתִּיר מִנֵיהּ וּבְנוֹי יְהוֹן סַגִיאִין בְּעַמְמַיָא

But his father was not willing, and said, I know, my son, I know that he is the firstborn, and also that he will be a great people, and will also be multiplied; yet will his younger brother be greater than he, and his sons be greater among the nations.

 

וּבָרֵיכִינוּן בְּיוֹמָא הַהוּא לְמֵימַר בָּךְ יוֹסֵף בְּרִי יְבָרְכוּן בֵּית יִשְרָאֵל יַת יְנוּקָא בְּיוֹמָא דִמְהוּלְתָּא לְמֵימָר יְשַׁוִינָךְ יְיָ כְּאֶפְרַיִם וְכִמְנַשֶׁה וּבְמִנְיַן שִׁבְטַיָא יִתְמַנֵי רַבָּא דְאֶפְרַיִם קֳדָם רַבָּא דִמְנַשֶׁה וּמַנֵי יַת אֶפְרַיִם דִיהֵי קֳדָם מְנַשֶׁה

And he blessed them in that day, saying, In thee, Joseph my son, shall the house of Israel bless their infants in the day of their circumcision, saying, The Lord set thee as Ephraim and as Menasheh. And in the numbering of the tribes the prince of Ephraim shall be numbered before the prince of Menasheh. And he appointed that Ephraim should be before Menasheh.

 

וַאֲמַר יִשְרָאֵל לְיוֹסֵף הָא אֲנָא מָטָא סוֹפִי לִמְמָת וִיהֵי מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ בְּסַעֲדְכוֹן וִיתֵיב יַתְכוֹן לְאַרְעָא דַאֲבָהַתְכוֹן

And Israel said to Joseph, Behold, my end cometh to die. But the Word of the Lord shall be your Helper, and restore you to the land of your fathers;

 

וַאֲנָא הָא יְהָבִית לָךְ יַת קַרְתָּא דִשְׁכֶם חוּלַק חָד לְמַתָּנָא יַתִּיר עַל אָחָךְ דִי נְסֵיבִית מִידֵיהוֹן דֶאֱמוֹרָאֵי בְּעִידָן דִי עַלְתוֹן לְגַוָוהּ וְקָמִית וְסַיְיעִית יַתְכוֹן בְּסַיְיפִי וּבְקַשְׁתִּי

and I, behold, I have given to thee the city of Shekem, one portion for a gift above thy brethren, which I took from the hand of the Amoraee at the time that you went into the midst of it, and I arose and helped you with my sword and with my bow.

 

 

Chapter 49מ״ט

וּקְרָא יַעֲקב לִבְנוֹי וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם אִדַכּוּ מִסוֹאֲבוּתָא וְאֲחַוִי לְכוֹן רַזְיָיא סְתִימַיָא קִיצַיָיא גְנִיזַיָא וּמַתַּן אַגְרְהוֹן דְצַדִיקַיָיא וּפוּרְעָנוּתְהוֹן דִרְשִׁיעַיָא וּטְלָנֵיתָא דְעֵדֶן מָה הִיא כַּחֲדָא מִתְכַּנְשִׁין תְּרֵיסַר שִׁבְטֵי יִשְרָאֵל מַקְפִין דַרְגְשָׁא דְדַהֲבָא דִרְבִיעַ עֲלָהּ מִן דְאִיתְגְלֵי אִיקָר שְׁכִינְתָּא דַיְיָ קִיצָא דְעָתִיד מַלְכָּא מְשִׁיחָא לְמֵיתֵי אִיתְכְּסֵי מִינֵיהּ וּבְכֵן אָמַר אִיתוּ וְאִיתְנֵי לְכוֹן מַה דְיֶאֱרַע יַתְכוֹן בְּסוֹף יוֹמַיָא

And Jakob called his sons and said to them, Purify yourselves from uncleanness, and I will show you the hidden mysteries, the ends concealed, the recompense of reward for the righteous, the retribution of the wicked, and the bower of Eden, what it is. And the twelve tribes of Israel gathered themselves together around the golden bed whereon he reclined, and where was revealed to him the Shekina of the Lord, (though) the end for which the king Meshiha is to come had been concealed from him. Then said he, Come, and I will declare to you what shall befall you at the end of the days.

 

אִתְכְּנָשׁוּ וְשִׁמְעוּ בְּנֵי יַעֲקב וְקַבִּילוּ אוּלְפַן מִן יִשְרָאֵל אֲבוּכוֹן

Gather yourselves together and hear, ye sons of Jakob, and receive instruction from Israel your father.

 

רְאוּבֵן בּוּכְרִי אַנְתְּ רֵישׁ חֵיל שִׁימוּשִׁי וְשֵׁירוּי קִרְיוּת הִרְהוּרִי חָמֵי הֲוֵי לָךְ בְּכוֹרוֹתָא וּרְבוּת כְּהוּנְתָּא וּמַלְכוּתָא וְעַל דִי חַטְיַית בְּרִי אִתְיְהִיבַת בְּכֵירוּתָא לְיוֹסֵף וּמַלְכוּתָא לִיהוּדָה וּכְהוּנְתָּא לְלֵוִי

Reuben thou art my firstborn, the beginning of the strength of my generation, and the chief event of my thoughts To thee belonged the birthright, and the high priesthood, and the kingdom: but because thou hast sinned, my son, the birthright is given to Joseph, and the, kingdom to Jehuda, and the priesthood to Levi.

 

מְדַמִינָא לָךְ לְגִינָא קַלִילָא דְעָלוּן לְגַוָוהּ נַחֲלִין מוֹחִין מִתְגַבְּרִין וְלָא יְכִילַת לְמִסוֹבְלָא יְהוֹן וְאִסְתְּחִיפַת כֵּן אִיתְרָעַת רְאוּבֵן בְּרִי דִי חַטְיַת לָא תוֹסִיף וְעַל דִי חַטְיַת יִשְׁתְּבֵיק לָךְ אֲרוּם אִתְחַשֵׁב לָךְ כְּאִילוּ עָלְתָה לְאִיתָא דְשַׁמֵשׁ עִמָהּ אָבוּךְ בְּעִידַן דְבַלְבֵּילְתָּא שִׁווּיִי דִסְלֵיקַת עֲלָהּ

I will liken thee to a little garden in the midst of which there enter torrents swift and strong, which it cannot bear, but is overwhelmed. Be repentant then, Reuben my son, for thou hast sinned, and add not; that wherein thou hast sinned it may be forgiven thee; for it is reckoned to thee as if thou wentest in to have to do with the wife of thy father at the time that thou didst confound my bed upon which thou wentest up.

 

שִׁמְעוֹן וְלֵוִי אָחִין תְּלָאמִין מָאנֵי זַיְינָא שְׁנִינָא לְמַחְטוֹב הוּא אִשְׁתְּמוֹדְעוּתְהוֹן

Shimeon and Levi are brothers of the womb; their thoughts are of sharp weapons for rapine.

 

בְּעִטַתְהוֹן לָא אִתְרְעִיַית נַפְשִׁי וּבְמִכְנַשְׁהוֹן לִשְׁכֶם לְמֵחַרְבָהּ לָא אִתְיַחַד יְקָרָא אֲרוּם בְּרוּגְזֵיהוֹן קָטְלוּ מַלְכָּא וּשׁוּלְטָנֵיהּ וּבִרְעוּתְהוֹן פָּכְרוּ שׁוּר בַּעֲלֵי דְבָבֵיהוֹן

In their counsel my soul hath not had pleasure, and in their gathering against Shekem. to destroy it mine honour was not united; for in their anger they slew the prince and his ruler, and in their ill will they demolished the wall of their adversary.

 

אֲמַר יַעֲקב לוּט הֲוָה כְּרַכָּא דִשְׁכֶם כַּד עָלוּן לְגַוָהּ לִמְחַרְבָהּ בְּרוּגְזֵיהוֹן דְתַּקִיף וְחֵמַתְהוֹן עַל יוֹסֵף אֲרוּם קַשְׁיָא אָמַר יַעֲקב אִין שַׁרְיַין הִינוּן תְּרֵיהוֹן כַּחֲדָא לֵית מְלִיךְ וְשׁוּלְטַן דִיקוּם קָדָמֵיהוֹן אַפְלִיג אַחְסָנַת בְּנוֹי דְשִׁמְעוֹן לִתְּרֵין חוּלְקִין חוּלַק חַד יִפּוֹק לֵיהּ מִגוֹ אַחְסָנַת בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה וְחוּלַק חַד בֵּינֵי שְׁאַר שִׁבְטַיָא דְיַעֲקב וַאֲבַדַר שִׁבְטָא דְלֵוִי בְּגוֹ כֻלְהוֹן שִׁבְטַיָא דְיִשְרָאֵל

And Jakob said, Accursed was the town of Shekem, when they entered within it to destroy it in their violent wrath; and their hatred against Joseph, for it was relentless. If, said Jakob, they dwell together, no king nor ruler may stand before them. Therefore will I divide the inheritance of the sons of Shimeon into two portions; one part shall come to them out of the inheritance of the sons of Jehuda, and one part from among the rest of the tribes of Jakob; and the tribe of Levi I will disperse among all the tribes of Israel.

 

יְהוּדָה אַנְתְּ אוֹדֵיתָא עַל עוּבְדָא דְתָמָר בְּגִין כֵּן לָךְ יְהוֹדוּן אֲחָךְ וְיִתְקְרוּן יְהוּדָאִין עַל שְׁמָךְ יְדָךְ יִתְפַּרְעוּן לָךְ מִבַּעֲלֵי דְבָבָךְ לְמִפְתַק גִירִין לְהוֹן כַּד יְחַזְרוּן קְדַל קֳדָמָךְ וִיהוֹן מַקְדִימִין לְמִישְׁאַל בִּשְׁלָמָךְ בְּנַי אֲבוּךְ

Jehuda, thou didst make confession in the matter of Tamar: therefore shall thy brethren confess thee, and shall be called Jehudain from thy name. Thy hand shall avenge thee of thy adversaries, in throwing arrows upon them when they turn their backs before thee; and the sons of thy fathers shall come before thee with salutations.

 

מְדַמֵי אֲנָא לָךְ יְהוּדָה בְּרִי לְגוּר בַּר אַרְיְוָן דְמִין קְטוּלֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף בְּרִי סְלִיקְתָּא נַפְשָׁךְ וּמִדִינָא דְתָּמָר תְּהֵי מְשֵׁזִיב נְיָיח וְשָׁרִי בִּתְקוֹף הֵי כְּאַרְיָא וְהֵי כְלֵיתָא דְכַד נַח מִן יְקִימִינֵיהּ

I will liken thee, my son Jehuda, to a whelp, the young of a lion; for from the killing of Joseph my son thou didst uplift thy soul, and from the judgment of Tamar thou wast free. He dwelleth quietly and in strength, as a lion; and as an old lion when he reposeth, who may stir him up?

 

לָא פַּסְקִין מַלְכִין וְשַׁלִיטִין מִדְבֵית יְהוּדָה וְסַפְרִין מֵאַלְפֵי אוֹרַיְיתָא מִזַרְעֵיהּ עַד זְמַן דִי יֵיתֵי מַלְכָּא מְשִׁיחָא זְעֵיר בְּנוֹי וּבְדִילֵיהּ יִתְיַמְסוּן עַמְמַיָא

Kings shall not cease, nor rulers, from the house of Jehuda, nor sapherim teaching the law from his seed, till the time that the King the Meshiha, shall come, the youngest of his sons; and on account of him shall the peoples flow together.

 

מַה יָאִי מַלְכָּא מְשִׁיחָא דְעָתִיד לְמֵיקוּם מִדְבֵית יְהוּדָה אָסַר חַרְצוֹי וְנָחִית וּמְסַדֵר סִדְרֵי קְרָבָא בַּעֲלֵי דְבָבוֹי וּמִקְטַל מַלְכִין עִם שׁוּלְטָנֵיהוֹן וְלֵית מְלִיךְ וְשׁוּלְטַן דִיקוּם קֳדָמוֹי מְסַמֵק טַוְורַיָא מִן אֲדַם קְטִילֵיהוֹן לְבוּשׁוֹי מְעַגְעָגִין בְּאַדְמָא מְדַמָא לְעַצוּר דְעִנְבִין

How beauteous is the King, the Meshiha who will arise from the house of Jehuda! He hath girded his loins, and descended, and arrayed the battle against his adversaries, Slaying kings with their rulers; neither is there any king or ruler who shall stand before him. The mountains become red with the blood of their slain; his garments, dipped in blood, are like the outpressed juice of grapes.

 

מַה יָאִין הִינוּן עֵינוֹי דְמַלְכָּא מְשִׁיחָא כְּחַמְרָא זַכִּיכָא מִן לְמֵיחְמֵי גִילוּי עִירְיַין וְשַׁדְיוּת אֲדַם זַכַּאי וְשִׁינוֹי נַקְיַין מִן חַלְבָּא דְלָא לְמֵיכַל חֲטוֹף וַאֲנוּסָא וּכְדֵין יִסְמְקוּן טַוְורוֹי וּמַעֲצַרְתֵּיהּ מִן חַמְרָא וְגוּלְמָתוֹי יְחַוְורַן מִן עֲלַלְתָּא וּמִן דִירִין דְעָאן

How beautiful are the eyes of the king Meshiha, as the pure wine! He cannot look upon what is unclean, nor on the shedding of the blood of the innocent; and his teeth, purer than milk, cannot eat that which is stolen or torn; and therefore his mountains are red with wine, and his hills white with corn, and with the cotes of flocks.

 

זְבוּלֻן עַל סַפְרֵי יַמָא יִשְׁרֵי וְהוּא יְהֵא שַׁלִיט בִּמְחוּזִין וּמְכַבֵּשׁ הֲפַרְכֵי יַמָא בִּסְפִינְתָּא וּתְחוּמֵיהּ יַמְטֵי עַד צִידוֹן

Zebulon shall dwell upon the banks of the sea, and have dominion over the havens; he will surmount the breakers of the sea with ships and his border will extend unto Zidon.

 

יִשָשׁכָר חֲמִיר בְּאוֹרַיְיתָא וְשֵׁבֶט תַּקִיף יְדַע כַּווֹנֵי בְּזִימְנַיָא וְהוּא מַרְבַּע בֵּינֵי תְּחוּמֵי אָחוֹי

Issakar is an ass in the law; a strong tribe, knowing the order of the times; and he lieth down between the limits of his brethren.

 

וַחֲמָא נַיְיחָא דְעַלְמָא דְאָתֵי אֲרוּם טָב וְחוּלְקָא דְאַרְעָא דְיִשְרָאֵל אֲרוּם בְּסִימָא הוּא בְגִין כֵּן אַרְכִין כַּתְפֵיהּ לְמִלְעֵי בְּאוֹרַיְיתָא וַהֲווֹ לֵיהּ אָחוֹי מַסְקֵי דוֹרוֹנִין

And he saw the rest of the world to come that it is good, and the portion of the land of Israel that it is pleasant; therefore bowed he his shoulders to labour in the law, and unto him shall come his brethren bearing presents.

 

מִדְבֵית דָן עָתִיד דְיֵיקוּם גַבְרָא דְיָדוֹן יַת עַמֵיהּ דִינִין דִקְשׁוֹט כַּחֲדָא יִשְׁתַּמְעוּן לֵיהּ שִׁבְטַיָא דְיִשְרָאֵל

From the house of Dan there is to arise a man who will judge his people with the judgment of truth. All the tribes of Israel will hearken to him together.

 

יְהֵי גַבְרָא דְיִתְבְּחַר וִיקוּם מִדְבֵית דָן מְדַמֵי לְחוּרְמָנָא דִרְבִיעַ עַל פַּרְשַׁת אוֹרְחָא וּלְרֵישֵׁיהּ חִיוְיַין דִכְמִין עַל שְׁבִילָא דִנְכֵית סוּסְיָא בְּעִיקְבֵיהּ וְנָצִיל מִן אֵימָתֵיהּ רְכָבֵיהּ מִתְפַּרְקִיד לַאֲחוֹרֵיהּ הֵיכְדֵין יַקְטִיל שִׁמְשׁוֹן בַּר מָנוֹחַ יַת כָּל גִבָּרֵי פְּלִשְׁתָּאֵי לְפַרְשְׁיָא וּלְרַגְלָאֵי וְיֶעֱקַר סוּסְוַתְהוֹן וּמְמַגֵר דְבָבֵהוֹן לַאֲחוֹרָא

A chosen man shall arise from the house of Dan, like the basilisk which lieth at the dividing of the way, and the serpent’s head which lurketh by the way, that biteth the horse in his heel, and the master from his terror is thrown backward. Even thus will Shimshon bar Manovach slay all the heroes of Philistia, the horsemen and the foot; he will hamstring their horses and hurl their riders backwards.

 

אֲמַר יַעֲקב כַּד חָמָא יַת גִדְעוֹן בַּר יוֹאָשׁ וְיַת שִׁמְשׁוֹן בַּר מָנוֹחַ דְקַיְימִין לִפְרוֹקִין לָא לְפוּרְקָנֵיהּ דְגִדְעוֹן אֲנָא מַסְכֵּי וְלָא לְפוּרְקָנֵיהּ דְשִׁמְשׁוֹן אֲנָא מוֹדִיק דְפוּרְקַנְהוֹן פּוּרְקַן דְשַׁעְתָּא אֱלָהֵין לְפוּרְקָנָךְ סָכִית וְאוֹדִיקִית יְיָ דְפוּרְקָנָךְ פּוּרְקַן עַלְמִין

When Jakob saw Gideon bar Joash and Shimshon bar Manovach, who were established to be deliverers, he said, I expect not the salvation of Gideon, nor look I for the salvation of Shimshon; for their salvation will be the salvation of an hour; but for Thy salvation have I waited, and will look for, O Lord; for Thy salvation is the salvation of eternity.

 

שִׁבְטָא דְגָד יַעַבְרוּן מְזַיְינִין עִם שְׁאָר שִׁבְטַיָיא יַת נַחֲלֵי אַרְנוֹנָא וְהִינוּן יִכְבְּשׁוּן קֳדָמֵיהוֹן יַת עַמוּדַיָיא דְאַרְעָא וְהִינוּן יְהַדְרוּן מְזַיְינִין בְּסוֹפָא בְּנִכְסִין סַגִיאִין וְיִשְׁרוּן בְּשַׁלְיוּתָא לְהָלְאָה עִיבַר יוֹרְדְנָא דִכְדֵין אִתְרְעוּן וַהֲוָת לְהוֹן וְאִתְקַבְּלוּ אַחְסַנְתְּהוֹן

The tribe of Gad with the rest of the tribes will, armed, pass over the streams of Arnona and subdue before them the pillars of the earth, and armed will they return into their limits with much substance and dwell in peace beyond the passage of Jardena; for so will they choose, and it shall be to them to receive their inheritance.

 

טוֹבוֹי דְאָשֵׁר מִן שְׁמֵינִין הִינוּן פֵּירוֹי אַרְעֲיָא מַרְבְּיָת בּוּשְמִין וְעִיקְרֵי סַמָנִין

Happy is Asher whose fruitage is plenteous, and whose land aboundeth in balsams and costly perfumes.

 

נַפְתָּלִי עַזְגַד קָלִיל דָמֵי לְאַיְילָא דְרָהִיט עַל שִׁינֵי טוּרַיָיא מְבַשֵר בְּשׁוּרַן טָבָן הוּא בִּשַר דְעַד כְּדוֹן יוֹסֵף קַיֵים וְהוּא אִזְדַרַז וַאֲזַל לְמִצְרַיִם וְאַיְיתִי אוֹנִיתָא דַחֲקִיל כְּפִילְתָּא דְלֵית בָּהּ לְעֵשָו חוּלְקָא וְכַד הֲוָה פָּתַח פּוּמֵיהּ בִּכְנִשְׁתָּא דְיִשְרָאֵל לִמְשַׁבְּחָא מִבְחַר מִכָּל לִשְׁנַיָא

Naphatali is a swift messenger, like a hind that runneth on the tops of the mountains, bringing good tidings: he it was who announced that Joseph was living; he it was who hasteneth to go into Mizraim, and bring the contract of the double field in which Esau had no portion; and when he shall open his mouth in the congregation of Israel to give praise, he shall be the chosen of all tongues.

 

בְּרִי דְרָבִית יוֹסֵף בְּרִי דְרָבִית וּתְקֵיפַת וְסוֹף הֲוָה עֲלָךְ לְמִתְקַף דְכַבְּשַׁת יִצְרָךְ בְּעוּבְדָא דְרִבּוֹנְתָּךְ וּבְעוּבְדָא דְאָחָךְ מְדַמֵי אֲנָא לָךְ לְגוּפָן שְׁתִילָא עַל מַבּוּעִין דְמַיִין דִשְׁלָחָת שׁוּרְשָׁהָא וְתַבְרַת שִׁינֵי כֵיפַיָא וּבְעוּבְרָתָהָא כַּבְשַׁת כָּל אִילָנֵי סַרְקָא כֵּן כָּבַשְׁתָּא יוֹסֵף בְּרִי בְּחָכְמָתָךְ וּבְעוֹבָדָךְ טַבְיָא כָּל חָרְשֵׁי מִצְרָאֵי וְכַד הֲווֹ מְקַלְסִין קֳדָמָךְ הֲווֹ בְּנַתְהוֹן דְשִׁלְטוֹנַיָא מְהַלְכַן עַל טוּרַיָיא וְשַׁדְיָין לְקַמָךְ שִׁירִין וְקַטְלָאִין דְדַהֲבָא מִן בִּגְלַל דְתִתְּלֵי עֵינָךְ בָּהֵן וְלָא תָלִיתָא עֵינָךְ בַּחֲדָא מִנְהוֹן לְמִתְחַיְיבָא בְּהוֹן לְיוֹם דִינָא רַבָּא

Joseph, my son, thou hast become great; Joseph, my son, thou hast become great and mighty; the end (determined) on thee was (that thou shouldst) be mighty, because thou didst subdue thy inclination in the matter of thy mistress, and in the work of thy brethren. Thee will I liken to a vine planted by fountains of water, which sendeth forth her roots, and overrunneth the ridges of stone, and covereth by her branches all unfruitful trees; even so didst thou my son Joseph subject by thy wisdom and thy good works all the magicians of Mizraim; and when, celebrating thy praises, the daughters of princes walking on the high places cast before thee bracelets and chains of gold, that thou shouldst lift up thine eyes upon them, thine eyes thou wouldst not lift up on one of them, to become guilty in the great day of judgment.

 

וּמַמְרִירוּ לֵיהּ וְנָצוּ לֵיהּ כָּל חַרְשֵׁי מִצְרָאֵי וְאוּף אָכְלוּ קוּרְצוֹי קֳדָם פַּרְעה סַבָּרִין לְמַחְתָּא יָתֵיהּ מִן יְקָרֵיהּ אָמְרִין עֲלוֹי לִישַׁן תְּלִיתָאֵי דְקָשֵׁי הֵי כְגִירִין

And all the magicians of Mizraim were bitter and angry against him, and brought accusations against him before Pharoh, expecting to bring him down from his honour They spake against him with the slanderous tongue which is severe as arrows.

 

וְהַדְרַת לִמְתַב לְקַדְמוּתָא תְּקוֹף אֵיבָרֵיהּ דְלָא לִמְשַׁמְשָׁא עִם רִבּוֹנְתֵּיהּ וְאִתְבַּדְרוּ יְדוֹי מִן הִרְהוּרָא זַרְעָא וּכְבַשׁ יִצְרֵיהּ מִן אוּלְפַן תְּקֵיף דְקִבֵּיל מִן יַעֲקב וּמִתַּמָן זַכָּא לְמֶהֱוֵי פַּרְנָסָא וּלְאִיתְחַבְּרָא בִּגְלוֹף שְׁמָהָן עַל אַבְנַיָא דְיִשְרָאֵל

But he returned to abide in his early strength, and would not yield himself unto sin, and subdued his inclinations by the strong discipline he had received from Jakob, and thence became worthy of being a ruler, and of being joined in the engraving of the names upon the stones of Israel.

 

מִמֵימַר אֱלָהָא דְאָבוּךְ יְהֵי סִיוּעָךְ וּמִן דְמִתְקְרֵי שַׁדַי יְבָרְכִינָךְ בִּרְכַן דְנַחְתַן מִטַלָא דִשְׁמַיָא מִלְעֵילָא וּמִטוֹב בִּרְכַן מַבּוּעֵי תְהוֹמָא דְסַלְקָן וּמְכַסְיַן צָמְחִין מִלְרַע בְּרִיכִין יְהֶוְיַין חַדְיָיא דְיָנַקְתָּא מִנְהֶן וּמֵעַיָיא דִרְבָעַת בְּהוֹן

From the Word of the Lord shall be thy help; and He who is called the All–Sufficient shall bless thee with the blessings which descend with the dew of heaven from above, and with the good blessing of the fountains of the deep which ascend and clothe the herbage from beneath. The breasts are blessed at which thou wast suckled, and the womb in which thou didst lie.

 

בִּרְכָתָא דְאָבוּךְ יִתּוֹסְפַן עַל בִּרְכָתָא דִבְרִיכַן יָתִי אַבְהָתוֹי אַבְרָהָם וְיִצְחָק דַחֲמִידוּ לְהֵין רַבְרְבָנֵי עַלְמָא יִשְׁמָעֵאל וְעֵשָו וְכָל בְּנָהָא דִקְטוּרָא יִתְכַּנְשַׁן כָּל אִלֵין בִּרְכָתָא וְיִתְעַבְדָן כְּלִיל דִרְבוּ לְרֵישׁ יוֹסֵף וּלְקָדְקָדֵיהּ דְגַבְרָא דַהֲוָה רַב וְשַׁלִיט בְּמִצְרַיִם וְזָהִיר בִּיקָרָא דְאָחוֹי

The blessings of thy father be added to the blessings wherewith my fathers Abraham and Izhak have blessed me, and which the princes of the world Ishmael and Esau and all the sons of Keturah have desired: let all these blessings be united, and form a diadem of majesty for the head of Joseph, and for the brow of the man who became chief and ruler in Mizraim, and the brightness of the glory of his brethren.

 

בִּנְיָמִין שֵׁבֶט תַּקִיף כְּדֵיבָא טַרְפֵיהּ בְּאַרְעֵיהּ תִּשְׁרֵי שְׁכִינַת מָרֵי עַלְמָא וּבְאַחְסַנְתֵּיהּ יִתְבְּנֵי בֵּית מוּקְדְשָׁא בְּצַפְרָא יְהוֹן כַּהֲנַיָא מְקַרְבִין אִימַר תְּדִירָא עַד אַרְבַּע שָׁעִין וּבֵינֵי שִׁמְשָׁתָא יְקַרְבוּן אִימַר תִּנְיַין וּבְרַמְשָׁא יְהוֹן מְפַלְגִין מוֹתַר שְׁאַר קוּרְבָּנַיָא וְאָכְלִין גְבַר חוּלְקֵיהּ

Benjamin is a strong tribe, (like) the wolf (with) his prey. In his land will dwell the Shekina of the Lord of the world, and the house of the sanctuary be builded in his inheritance. In the morning will the priests offer the lamb continually until the fourth hour, and between the evenings the second lamb, and at eventide will they divide the residue remaining of the offering, and eat, every man, his portion.

 

כָּל אִלֵין שִׁבְטַיָא דְיִשְרָאֵל תְּרֵיסַר כּוּלְהוֹן צַדִיקִין כַּחֲדָא וְהָא דְמַלֵיל לְהוֹן אֲבוּהוֹן וּבְרִיךְ יַתְהוֹן אֵינַשׁ הֵי כְּבִרְכָתֵיהּ בְּרִיךְ יַתְהוֹן

All these Tribes of Israel are twelve: they are all righteous together, and this it is which their father spake to them, and blessed them; according to his blessing blessed be each man.

 

וּפַקֵיד יַתְהוֹן וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן אֲנָא מִתְכְּנִישׁ לְעַמִי קְבָרוּ יָתִי לְוַת אַבְהָתִי לִמְעַרְתָּא דִי בַּחֲקַל עֶפְרוֹן חִתָּאָה

And he commanded them and said to them, I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cavern which is in the field of Ephron the Hitah,

 

בִּמְעַרְתָּא דִי בַּחֲקַל כְּפֵילְתָּא דְעַל אַפֵּי מַמְרֵא בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן דִזְבַּן אַבְרָהָם יַת חַקְלָא מִן עֶפְרוֹן חִתָּאָה לְאַחֲסָנַת קְבוּרְתָּא

in the cave that is in the Double Field over against Mamre in the land of Kenaan; for Abraham bought the field of Ephron the Hitah for an inheritance of burial.

 

תַּמָן קְבָרוּ יַת אַבְרָהָם וְיַת שָרָה אִנְתְּתֵיהּ תַּמָן קָבְרוּ יַת יִצְחָק וְיַת רִבְקָה אִנְתְּתֵיהּ וְתַּמָן קְבָרִית יַת לֵאָה

There they buried Abraham, and Sarah his wife; there they buried Izhak , and Rivekah his wife; and there I buried Leah:

 

זְבִינֵי חַקְלָא וּמְעַרְתָּא דְבֵיהּ מִן בְּנֵי חִתָּאָה

the purchase of the field, and the cave that it is in, of the sons of Hitah.

 

וּפְסַק יַעֲקב לְפַקְדָא יַת בְּנוֹי וּכְנֵישׁ רִגְלוֹי לְגוֹ דַרְגְשָׁא וְאִתְנְגִיד וְאִתְכְּנֵישׁ לְעַמֵיהּ

And Jakob ceased to command his sons. And he gathered up his feet into the midst of the bed, and expired, and was gathered unto his people.

 

 

Chapter 50נ׳

 

 

וְאַרְבַּע יוֹסֵף יַת אָבוֹי בְּעֶרֶס דְשִׁנְדָפִין מְחַפְיָיא דְהַב טַב מִקְבְּעָא אַבְנִין טָבִין וּמְחַזְקָא בְּעִיטוּנֵי דְבוּץ תַּמָן הֲווֹ שַׁדְיַין חַמְרִין רְתִיחִין וְתַמָן מוֹקְדִין רֵישֵׁי בּוּסְמָנִין תַּמָן הֲווֹ קַיְימִין גִבָּרִין מִן דְבֵית עֵשָו וְגִבָּרִין מִן דְבֵית יִשְרָאֵל תַּמָן הֲוָה קָאִים אַרְיָא יְהוּדָה גִבָּרֵיהוֹן דְאָחוֹי עָנָא וַאֲמַר לְאָחוֹי אָתוּן וְנִבְנֵי עַל אֲבוּנָן אַרְזָא רָמָא דְרֵישֵׁיהּ מָטֵי עַד צֵית שְׁמַיָיא בְּרַם עַנְפּוֹי מַטְלָן עַל כָּל דַיְירֵי אַרְעָא וְשָׁרְשׁוֹי מַטְיַין עַד אַרְעַת תְּהוֹמָא מִנֵיהּ קָמוּ תְּרֵיסַר שִׁבְטִין מִנֵיהּ עָתִיד לְמֵיקוּם מַלְכִין וְשַׁלִיטִין וְכַהֲנַיָיא בִּפְלוּגְתְּהוֹן לְקַרְבָא קוּרְבָּנִין וּמִנֵיהּ לֵיוָאֵי בְמַחֲלוּקְתְהוֹן לְזִמְרָא הָא בְּכֵן אִתְרְכִין יוֹסֵף עַל אַנְפֵּי אָבוֹי וּבְכָא עֲלוֹי וּנְשֵׁיק לֵיהּ

And Joseph laid his father upon a couch of ivory which was framed with pure gold, and inlaid with precious stones, and secured with cords of byssus. There they poured out fervid wines, and there burned they most costly perfumes: there stood the chiefs of the house of Esau and the chiefs of the house of Ishmael; there stood the Lion of Jehuda, the strength of his brethren. He answered and said to his brethren, Come, and let as raise up to our father a tall cedar whose head shall reach to the top of heaven, and its branches overshadow all the inhabitants of the earth, and its roots extend to the depths of the abyss: from it have arisen the twelve tribes, and from it will arise kings, princes, and priests in their divisions, to offer oblations, and from it the Levites in their appointments for singing. Then, behold, Joseph bowed himself upon his father’s face, and wept over him, and kissed him.

 

וּפְקַד יוֹסֵף יַת עַבְדוֹי יַת אַסְוָותָא לְבַסְמָא יַת אָבוֹי וּבְסִימוּ אַסְוָותָא יַת יִשְרָאֵל

And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father; and the physicians embalmed Israel.

 

וּשְׁלִימוּ לֵיהּ מִן דְאִתְבְּסַם אַרְבְּעִין יוֹמִין אֲרוּם כְּדֵין שַׁלְמִין יוֹמֵי בַּסִימַיָיא וּבְכוּן יָתֵיהּ מִצְרָאֵי שׁוּבְעִין יוֹמִין אָמְרִין אִלֵין לְאִלֵין אִיתוּן נִבְכֵּי עַל יַעֲקב חֲסִידָא דְבִזְכוּתֵיהּ עֲדַת כַּפְנָא מִן אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם דַהֲוָות גְזֵירְתָּא לְמֶהֱוֵי כַפְנָא אַרְבְּעִין וְתַרְתֵּין שְׁנִין וּבִזְכוּתֵיהּ דְיַעֲקב אִתְמַנְעָן אַרְבְּעִין שְׁנִין מִן מִצְרַיִם וְלָא הֲוָה כַּפְנָא אֱלָהֵן תַּרְתֵּין שְׁנִין בִּלְחוֹדֵיהוֹן

And the forty days of embalming were completed to him; for so fulfill they the days of embalming; and the Mizraee lamented him seventy days; saying one to another, Come, let us lament over Jakob the Holy, whose righteousness turned away the famine from the land of Mizraim. For it had been decreed that there should be forty and two years of famine, but through the righteousness of Jakob forty years are withheld from Mizraim, and there came famine but for two years only.

 

וַעֲבָרוּ יוֹמֵי בְכִיתֵיהּ וּמַלֵיל יוֹסֵף עִם רִבּוֹנֵי בֵּית פַּרְעה לְמֵימָר אִין בְּבָעוּ אַשְׁכַּחְנָא רַחֲמִין בְּעֵינֵיכוֹן מַלִילוּ כְּדוֹן בְּמִשְׁמְעֵיהּ דְפַרְעה לְמֵימָר

And the days of his mourning passed. And Joseph spake with the lords of the house of Pharaoh, saying If I may find favor in your eyes, speak now in the hearing of Pharaoh, saying,

 

אַבָּא קַיֵים עָלַי לְמֵימָר הָא אֲנָא מַיִית בְּקִבְרִי דַחֲפָרִית לִי בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן תַּמָן תִּקְבְּרִינַנִי וּכְדוֹן אִיסַק כְּדוֹן וְאִיקְבּוֹר יַת אַבָּא וְאֵיתוּב

My father made me swear, saying, Behold, I die, in the sepulcher which I have prepared for me in the land of Kenaan there shalt thou bury me. And now let me go up and bury my father, and I will return.

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה סַק וּקְבוֹר יַת אָבוּךְ הֵיכְמָא דְקַיֵים עֲלָךְ

And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.

 

וּסְלֵיק יוֹסֵף לְמִקְבַּר יַת אָבוּי וּסְלִיקוּ עִמֵיהּ כָּל עַבְדוֹי דְפַרְעה סָבֵי בַיְיתֵיהּ וְכָל סָבֵי אַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

And Joseph went up to bury his father; and all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Mizraim, went up with him.

 

וְכָל אֱנָשׁ בֵּיתָא דְיוֹסֵף וְאָחוֹי וּבֵית אָבוֹי לְחוֹד טַפְלְהוֹן וְעַנְהוֹן וְתוֹרֵיהוֹן שְׁבָקוּ בְּאַרְעָא דְגוֹשֶׁן

And all the men of Joseph’s house, and his brethren, and his father’s household: only their children, and their sheep and oxen, left they in the land of Goshen.

 

וּסְלִיקוּ עִמֵיהּ אוּף אַרְתְּכִין אוּף פָּרָשִׁין וַהֲוַת מַשִׁירְיָיתָא סַגִיאָה לַחֲדָא

And there went up with him chariots and horsemen and a very great host.

 

וְאָתוּ עַד בֵּית אִידְרֵי דְאָטָד דִי בְּעִיבְרָא דְיוֹרְדְנָא וּסְפָדוּ תַּמָן מִסְפַּד רַב וּתְקֵיף לַחֲדָא וְעָבֵד לְאָבוֹי אוּבְלָא שַׁבְעָא יוֹמִין

And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jardena, and there they lamented with a great and mighty lamentation. And he made there a mourning for his father seven days.

 

וַחֲמָא יַתְבֵי אַרְעָא כְּנַעֲנָאֵי אוּבְלָא בְּבֵית אִדְרֵי דְאָטָד וְשַׁרְיַין קְטוּרֵי חַרְצֵהוֹן בְּגִין אִיקַר דְיַעֲקב וַהֲווֹ מְחַוִין בִּידֵיהוֹן וְאָמְרִין אֵבֶל תַּקִיף דֵין לְמִצְרַיִם בְּגִין כֵּן קְרָא שְׁמָא דְאָתַר אָבֵל מִצְרַיִם דִי בְּעִיבְרָא דְיוֹרְדְנָא

And the inhabitants of the land of Kenaan beheld the mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, and they loosed the girdles of their loins in honour of Jakob, and spread forth their hands, and said, This is a mighty mourning of the Mizraee. Therefore he called the name of the, place Abel Mizraim, which is on the other side of Jardena.

 

וַעֲבָדוּ בְּנוֹי לֵיהּ הֵיכְדֵין כְּמָא דְפַקְדִינוּן

And his sons did for him as he had commanded them.

 

וּנְטָלוּ יָתֵיהּ בְּנוֹי לְאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן וּשְׁמִיעַ פִּתְגָמָא לְעֵשָו רַשִׁיעָא וּנְטַל מִן טוּרָא דְגַבְלָא בְּלִגְיוֹנִין סַגִיאִין וְאָתָא לְחֶבְרוֹן וְלָא הֲוָה שָׁבִיק לְיוֹסֵף לְמִיקְבּוֹר יַת אָבוּי בִּמְעָרַת כְּפֵילְתָּא מִן יַד אָזַל נַפְתָּלִי וְרָהַט וּנְחַת לְמִצְרַיִם וְאָתָא בְּהַהוּא יוֹמָא וְאַיְיתִי אוּנִיתָא דְכָתַב עֵשָו לְיַעֲקב אָחוּי עַל פַּלְגוּת מְעָרַת כָּפֵילְתָּא וּמִן יַד רָמַז לְחוּשִׁים בַּר דָן וְנָטַל סַיְיפָא וְקָטַע רֵישֵׁיהּ דְעֵשָו רַשִׁיעָא וַהֲוָה רֵישֵׁיהּ דְעֵשָו מִתְגַלְגַל עַד דְעַל לְגוֹ מְעַרְתָּא וְאַתְנַח בְּגוֹ עִיטְפֵיהּ דְיִצְחָק אָבוֹי וְגוּפֵיהּ קְבָרוּ בְּנוֹ דְעֵשָו בַּחֲקַל כְּפֵילְתָּא וּבָתַר כֵּן קְבָרוּ יָתֵיהּ בְּנוֹי לְיַעֲקב בִּמְעָרַת חֲקַל כָּפֵילְתָּא דִיזְבַן אַבְרָהָם יַת חַקְלָא לְאַחֲסָנַת קְבוּרְתָּא מִן עֶפְרוֹן חִתָּאָה עַל אַנְפֵּי מַמְרֵא

But when his sons had brought him into the land of Kenaan, and the thing was heard by Esau the Wicked, he journeyed from the mountain of Gebala with many legions, and came to Hebron, and would not suffer Joseph to bury his father in the Double Cave. Then forthwith went Naphtali and ran, and went down to Mizraim, and came in that day, and brought the Instrument that Esau had written for Jakob his brother in the controversy of the Double Cave. And immediately he beckoned to Hushim the son of Dan, who unsheathed the sword and struck off the head of the Wicked Esau, and the head of Esau rolled into the midst of the cave, and rested upon the bosom of Izhak his father; and the sons of Esau buried his body in the double field, and afterward the sons of Jakob buried him in the cave of the double field; in the field which Abraham bought for an inheritance–sepulchre, of Ephron the Hitah, over against Mamre.

 

וְתַב יוֹסֵף לְמִצְרַיִם הוּא וַאֲחוֹהִי וְכָל דִסְלִיקוּ עִמֵיהּ לְמִקְבּוֹר יַת אָבוּי בָּתַר דְקָבַר יַת אָבוֹי

And Joseph returned to Mizraim, he and his brethren, and all who went up with him to bury his father, after they had buried his father.

 

וְחָמוּ אֲחֵי יוֹסֵף אֲרוּם מַיִית אֲבוּהוֹן וְלָא הֲוָה מִסְתְּחַר עִמְהוֹן כַּחֲדָא לְמֵיכוּל לַחֲדָא וַאֲמַרוּ מַה דִילְמָא נָטַר לָנָא סָנָא יוֹסֵף וַאֲתָבָא יָתֵיב לָנָא יַת כָּל בִּישָׁא דִגְמַלְנָא יָתֵיהּ

And Joseph’s brethren saw that their father was dead, and that he (Joseph) did not return to eat together with them, and they said, Perhaps Joseph ill bring upon us all retaineth enmity against us, and will bring upon us all the evil that we did him.

 

וּפַקִידוּ יַת בִּלְהָה לְמֵימַר לְיוֹסֵף אָבוּךְ פַּקֵיד קֳדָם מוֹתֵיהּ לְמֵימָר לָךְ

And they instructed Bilhah to say to Joseph, Thy father commanded before his death to speak to thee,

 

כִּדְנָא תֵימְרוּן לְיוֹסֵף בְּמָטוּ שְׁבוֹק כְּדוֹן לְחוֹבֵי אָחָךְ וּלְחַטָאֵיהוֹן אֲרוּם בִּישָׁא גָמְלוּ יָתָךְ וּכְדוֹן שְׁבוֹק בְּבָעוּ לְחוֹבֵי עַבְדֵי אֱלָהָא דְאָבוּךְ וּבְכָא יוֹסֵף בְּמַלָלוּתְהוֹן עִמֵיהּ

Thus shall you say to Joseph, Forgive now the guilt of thy brethren and their sin, for they committed evil against thee; but forgive, I beseech thee, the guilt of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake with him.

 

וַאֲזָלוּ אוּף אָחוֹי וְאַתְרְכִינוּ קֳדָמוֹי וַאֲמָרוּ הָא אֲנָן לָךְ לְעַבְדִין

And his brethren came also, and bowed themselves before him, and said, Behold, we are thy servants.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יוֹסֵף לָא תִידַחֲלוּן אֲרוּם לָא נִיגְמוֹל לְכוֹן בִּישְׁתָּא אֱלָהֵן טַבְתָא אֲרוּם דָחִיל וּמִתְבַר מִן קֳדָם יְיָ אֲנָא

And Joseph said to them, Fear not, for I will not do you evil, but good; for I fear and humble myself before the Lord.

 

וְאַתּוּן חֲשַׁבְתּוּן עָלַי מַחְשָׁבִין בִּישִׁין דְמָא דְלָא הֲוֵינָא מִסְתְּחַר עִמְכוֹן לְמֵיכַל מִן בִּגְלַל דְנָטִיר לְכוֹן בָּבוּ הוּא וּמֵימְרָא דַיְיָ חַשְׁבָא עָלַי לְטַבְתָא דְאַבָּא הֲוָה מוֹתִיב לִי בְּרֵישָׁא וּמִן קֳדָם יְקָרֵיהּ הֲוֵינָא מְקַבֵּל וּכְדוֹן לֵית אֲנָא מְקַבֵּל בְּגִין דְאִיזְכֵּי לְמִתְעַבְדָא לָן שֵׁיזְבָתָא כְּיוֹמָא הָדֵין לְקַיְימָא עַם סַגִי מִדְבֵית יַעֲקב

You indeed imagined against me evil thoughts, that when I did not recline with you to eat it was because I retained enmity against you. But the Word of the Lord thought on me for good; for my father hath caused me to sit at the head, and on account of his honor I received; but now not for the sake of my (own) righteousness or merit was it given me to work out for you deliverance this day for the preservation of much people of the house of Jakob.

 

וּכְדוֹן לָא תִידַחֲלִין אָנָא אֵיזוּן יַתְכוֹן וְיַת טַפְלְכוֹן וְנָחִים יַתְהוֹן וּמַלֵל תַּנְחוּמִין עַל לִבְּהוֹן

And now fear not; I will sustain you and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake consolation to their heart.

 

וִיתֵיב יוֹסֵף בְּמִצְרַיִם הוּא וּבֵית אָבוֹי וַחֲיָא יוֹסֵף מְאָה וְעַשְרֵי שְׁנִין

And Joseph dwelt in Mizraim, he and his father’s house. And Joseph lived a hundred and ten years.

 

וַחֲמָא יוֹסֵף לְאֶפְרַיִם בְּנִין דָרִין תְּלִיתָאִין אוּף בְּנֵי מָכִיר בַּר מְנַשֶׁה כַּד אִתְיְלִידוּ גְזִירִינוּן יוֹסֵף

And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the third generation; also the sons of Makir the son of Menasheh, when they were born, were circumcised by Joseph.

 

וַאֲמַר יוֹסֵף לְאָחוֹי הָא אֲנָא מָיִת וַיְיָ מִידְכַּר יִדְכַּר יַתְכוֹן וְיִסַק יַתְכוֹן מִן אַרְעָא הָדָא לְאַרְעָא דְקַיֵים לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּלְיַעֲקב

And Joseph said to his Brethren Behold, I die; but the Lord remembering will remember you and will bring you up from this land, into the land which He sware to Abraham, to Izhak, and to Jakob.

 

וְאוֹמֵי יוֹסֵף יַת בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל לְמֵימַר לִבְנֵיהוֹן הָא אַתּוּן מִשְׁתַּעַבְּדִין בְּמִצְרַיִם וְלָא תְזִידוּן לְמֵיסוֹק מִמִצְרַיִם עַד זְמַן דְיֵיתוּן תְּרֵין פְּרוֹקִין וְיֵימְרוּן לְכוֹן מִדְכַּר דָכִיר יְיָ יַתְכוֹן וּבְעִידָן דְאַתּוּן סַלְקִין תַּסְקוּן יַת גַרְמַי מִיכָּא

And Joseph adjured the sons of Israel to say to their sons Behold, you will be brought into servitude in Mizraim; but you shall not presume to go up out of Mizraim until the time that two Deliverers shall come, and say to you, Remembering, remember ye the Lord. And at the time when ye go up ye shall carry up my bones from hence.

 

וּמִית יוֹסֵף בַּר מְאָה וְעֶשֶר שְׁנִין וּבְסִימוּ יָתֵיהּ וְעִטְרוּן יָתֵיהּ וְשַווּן יָתֵיהּ בִּגְלוּסְקְמָא וְשַׁקְעִין יָתֵיהּ בְּגוֹ נִילוּס דְמִיצְרָיִם

And Joseph died, the son of a hundred and ten years. And they embalmed him with perfumes, and laid him in an ark, and submerged him in the midst of the Nilos of Mizraim.

 

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