Targum Torah Portions Week 9: Va’ Yeshev וַיֵּשֶׁב “And He Lived”

by | Dec 3, 2019

Targum Jonathan on Genesis

Week 9

Chapters 37:1 – 40:23

Chapter 37ל״ז

 

וישׁב וִיתֵיב יַעֲקב בְּשַׁלְוִיתָא בְּאַרְעָא תּוֹתָבוּת אָבוּי בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן

1 And Jakob dwelt in peace in the land of the sojourning of his fathers, in the land of Kenaan.

 

אִלֵין זַרְעֲיַת יַעֲקב יוֹסֵף בַּר שַׁבְסְרִי שְׁנִין הֲוָה בְּמִיפְקֵיהּ מִן בֵּית מֶדְרָשָׁא וְהוּא טְלֵה מִתְרַבֵּי עִם בְּנֵי בִּלְהָה וְעִם בְּנֵי זִלְפָּה נְשַׁיָא דְאָבוֹי וְאַיְיתֵי יוֹסֵף יַת טִיבֵיהוֹן בִּישׁ דְחָמְנוּן דְאָכְלִין בִּשְרָא דְתָּלִישׁ מִן חֵיוָא חַיָיא יַת אוּדְנַיָיא וְיַת דִנְבַּיָיא וְאָתָא וְתַנִי לְוַת אֲבוּהוֹן

2 These are the generations of Jakob. Joseph was a son of seventeen years. He had come forth from the school, and was a youth brought up with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpha his fathers wives. And Joseph brought their evil report; for he had seen them eat the flesh that had been torn by wild beasts, the ears and the tails; and he came and told it to his father.

 

וְיִשְרָאֵל רְחֵים יַת יוֹסֵף מִכָּל בְּנוֹי אֲרוּם אִיקוּנֵי דְיוֹסֵף דַמְיַין לְאִיקוּנִין דִילֵיהּ וְעָבַד לֵיהּ פַּרְגוֹד מְצוּיָיר

3 And Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because the likeness of Joseph resembled his own, and he made him a figured robe.

 

וְחָמוּן אָחוּי אֲרוּם יָתֵיהּ רְחַם אֲבוּהוֹן מִכָּל אָחוֹי וְנָטְרוּ לֵיהּ בָּבִי וְלָא צָבָן לְמַלָלָא עִמֵיהּ שְׁלָם

4 And his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, and they cherished enmity against him, and were unwilling to speak peacefully with him.

 

וַחֲלָם יוֹסֵף חֵילְמָא וְתַנִי לְאָחוֹהִי וְאוֹסִיפוּ לְמִנְטַר תּוּב לֵיהּ בָּבוּ

5 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and declared it to his brethren, and they added yet to keep enmity against him.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן שִׁמְעוּ כְּדוֹן חֶלְמָא הָדֵין דִי חֲלֵימִית

6 And he said to them, Hear now this dream which I have dreamed.

 

וְהָא אֲנַחְנָא מְפַרְכִין פֵּירוּכִין בְּגוֹ חַקְלָא וְהָא קָמַת פּוּרְכָתִי וְאוּף אִזְדְקֵיפַת וְהָא מִתְחַזְרָן פּוּרְכָתֵיכוֹן וְגַחְנוֹן לְפּוּרְכָתִי

7 Behold, we were binding sheaves in the midst of the field, and lo, my sheaf arose, and stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves surrounded and bowed to my sheaf.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ לֵיהּ אֲחוֹהִי הַלְמִמְלָךְ אַנְתְּ מְדַמֵי עֲלָנָא אִין לְמִשְׁלַט אַנְתְּ סְבִיר עֲלָנָא וְאוֹסִיפוּ תּוּב לְמִינְטַר לֵיהּ בָּבוּ עַל חֶלְמוֹי וְעַל פִּתְגָמוֹי

8 And his brothers said to him, Art thou thinking to reign over us, or dost thou expect to have rule over us? And they added yet to keep enmity against him, for his dream and for his words.

 

וַחֲלָם תּוּב חֶלְמָא חוֹרָנָא וְתַנִי יָתֵיהּ לְאָחוֹי וַאֲמַר הָא חֲלֵימִית חֶלְמָא תּוּב וְהָא שִׁמְשָׁא וְסִיהֲרָא וְחַד סַר כּוֹכְבַיָא גָחֲנָן לִי

9 And he dreamed again another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, Behold, I have dreamed yet a dream, and lo, the sun, and the moon, and eleven stars, bowed to me.

 

וְאִשְׁתְּעִי לְאָבוֹי וּלְאָחוֹי וּנְזַף בֵּיהּ אָבוֹי וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ מָה חֶלְמָא הָדֵין דְחַלֵימְתָּא הֲמֵיתָא נֵיתֵי אֲנָא וְאִמָךְ וְאָחָךְ לְמִגְחַן לָךְ עַל אַרְעָא

10 And he related it to his father and to his brethren: but his father rebuked him, and said to him, What dream is this that thou hast dreamed? Shall I, and thy mother, and thy brethren, really come and bow before thee to the ground?

 

וְקַנִיאוּ בֵּיהּ אֲחוּהִי וְאָבוֹי נָטַר בְּלִבֵּיהּ יַת פִּתְגָמָא

11 And his brothers envied him; yet his father kept the saying in his heart.

 

וַאֲזָלוּ אָחוֹי לְמִרְעֵי יַת עָנָא דַאֲבוּהוֹן בִּשְׁכֶם

12 And his brothers went to feed their father’s flock in Shekem.

 

וַהֲוָה לִזְמַן יוֹמִין וַאֲמַר יִשְרָאֵל לְיוֹסֵף הֲלָא אָחָךְ רָעָן בִּשְׁכֶם וּדְחֵיל דִילְמָא יֵיתוּן חִיוָאֵי וְיִמְחִינוּן עַל עֵיסַק דִי מְחוֹ יַת חֲמוֹר וְיַת שְׁכֶם וְיַת יַתְבֵי קַרְתָּא אִיתָא כְּדוֹן וַאֲשַׁלְחִינָךְ לְוַתְהוֹן וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ הָא נָא

13 And it was at the time of days that Israel said to Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed in Shekem? But I am afraid lest the Hivaee come and smite them, because they smote Hamor and Shekem and the inhabitants of the city. Come now; and I will send thee to them And he said, Behold me.

 

וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ אִיזֵל כְּדוֹן חָמֵי יַת שְׁלַם אָחָךְ וְיַת שְׁלַם עָנָא וַאֲתֵיבְנִי פִּתְגָמָא וְשַׁדְרֵיהּ עַל עֵיטָא עֲמִיקְתָּא דְאִתְמַלֵל עִם אַבְרָהָם בְּחֶבְרוֹן וּבְהַהוּא יוֹמָא הֲוָה שָׁרוּי גָלוּתָא דְמִצְרַיִם וְקָם וְאָתָא יוֹסֵף לִשְׁכֶם

14 And he said, Go, see the welfare of Your brethren, and the welfare of the flock, and return me word to the deep Counsel. But he sent him according to the deep counsel which was spoken to Abraham in Hebron; for on that day began the cativity of Mizraim. And Joseph arose, and came to Shekem.

 

וְאַשְׁכְּחֵיהּ גַבְרִיאֵל בִּדְמוּת גַבְרָא וְהָא טָעֵי בְחַקְלָא וְשַׁאֲלֵיהּ גַבְרָא לְמֵימָר מָה אַנְתְּ בָּעֵי

15 And Gabriel in the likeness of a man found him wandering field. And the man asked him, saying, What seekest thou?

 

וַאֲמַר יַת אָחוּי אֲנָא בָּעֵי חֲוִי כְדוֹן לִי אֵיכָן אִינוּן רָעָן

16 And he said, I seek my brothers; show me, pray, where they feed.

 

וַאֲמַר גַבְרָא נַטְלַן מִיכַּן אֲרוּם שְׁמָעִית מִבָּתַר פַּרְגוֹדָא דְהָא אִישְׁתְּרֵי מִן יוֹמָא דֵין שִׁעֲבּוּד מִצְרָאֵי וְאִתְאַמַר לְהוֹם בִּנְבוּאָה דְחִיוָאֵי בָּעַן לִמְסַדְרָא עִמְהוֹן סִדְרָא קְרָבָא בְּגִין כֵּן הֲווֹ אָמְרִין נֵיזַל לְדוֹתָן וַאֲזַל יוֹסֵף בָּתַר אָחוֹי וְאַשְׁכְּחִינוּן בְּדוֹתָן

17 And the man said, They have journeyed hence: for I heard beyond the Veil, that behold from today would begin the servitude to the Mizraee; and it was said to them in prophecy, Hivaee would seek to set battle in array against them. Therefore said they, we will go unto Dothan.

 

וְחָמוּן יָתֵיהּ מֵרָחִיק וְעַד לָא קָרִיב לְוַתְהוֹם וְאִתְיַיעֲטוּ עֲלוֹי לְמִקְטְלֵיהּ

18 And Joseph went after his brothers, and found them in Dothan. And they saw him from afar, before he had come nigh to them, and plotted against him to kill him.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ שִׁמְעוֹן וְלֵוִי דַהֲווֹ אָחִין בְּעֵיטָתָא גְבַר לְאָחוּי הָא מָרֵי חֶלְמַיָא דֵיכִי אָתֵי

19 And Shimeon and Levi, who were brothers in counsel, said each man to his brother, Behold, this master of dreams cometh.

 

וּכְדוֹן אָתוּ וְנִקְטְלִינֵיהּ וְנַרְמִינֵיהּ בְּחַד מִן גוֹבַיָא וְנֵימַר חַיְיתָא בִּישְׁתָּא אַכְלָתֵיהּ וְנִחְמֵי מַה יְהִי פֶּשֶׁר חֶלְמוֹי

20 And now come let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits and say that an evil beast hath devoured him; and we shall see what will be the interpretation of his dreams.

 

וּשְׁמַע רְאוּבֵן וְשֵׁזְבֵיהּ מִן יְדֵיהוֹן וַאֲמַר לָא נַקְטְלִינֵהּ דְלָא נִתְחַיֵיב בְּאַדְמֵיהּ

21 And Reuben heard, and delivered him from their hands, and said, We will not kill him nor become guilty of his blood.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם רְאוּבֵן לָא תֵשְׁדוּן אֲדַם זַכְּאַי טְלוּקוּ יָתֵיהּ לְגוּבָא הָדֵין דִבְמַדְבְּרָא וְיַד דִקְטוּלִין לָא תוֹשְׁטוּן בֵּיהּ בְּגִין לְשֵׁיזְבָא יָתֵיהּ מִידֵיהוֹן לַאֲתָבוּתֵיהּ לְוַת אָבוֹי

22 And Reuben said, Let us not shed innocent blood. Throw him into this pit in the wilderness, but the hand of the slayer stretch not forth against him; because he would deliver him from their hand, and restore him to his father.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד אָתָא יוֹסֵף לְוַת אָחוֹהִי וְאַשְׁלָחוּ יַת יוֹסֵף יַת פַּרְגוּדֵיהּ יַת פַּרְגוֹד מְצַיָיר דִעֲלוֹי

23 And when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his garment, the figured garment that was on him,

 

וְנָסְבוּ יָתֵיהּ וְטַלְקוּ יָתֵיהּ לְגוּבָא וְגוּבָא סָרֵיק לֵית בֵּיהּ מוֹי בְּרַם חֵיוִין וְעַקְרַבִּין הֲווֹ בֵיהּ

24 and took and threw him into the pit; but the pit was empty, no water was therein, but serpents and scorpions were in it.

 

וְחָזְרוּ לְמֵיכַל לַחֲמָא וּזְקָפוּ עֵינֵיהוֹן וַחֲמוֹן וְהָא סִיעָא דַעֲרָבָאִין אַתְיָא מִגִלְעָד וּגְמַלֵיהוֹן טְעוּנִין שַׁעֲוָה וּשְרַף קְטַף וּלְטוֹם מְטַיְילִין לַאֲחָתָא לְמִצְרָיִם

25 And they sat around to eat bread. And they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and behold a band of Arabians were coming from Gilead with their camels, carrying wax, resin, balsam and stacte, proceeding to go into Mizraim.

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה לַאֲחוֹהִי מַה הַנְיַית מָמוֹן יְהִי לָן אֲרוּם נִקְטוֹל יַת אֲחוּנָא וּנְכַסֵי עַל דְמֵיהּ

26 And Jehuda said to his brethren, What profit of mammon should we have if we killed our brother, and covered his blood?

 

אִיתוּי וּנְזַבְּנִינֵיהּ לַעֲרָבָאִין וִידָנָא לָא תְהִי בֵיהּ לְמִקְטְלֵיהּ אֲרוּם אָחוּנָא בִּשְרָנָא הוּא וְקַבִּילוּ אָחוֹי

27 Come, let us sell him to the Arabians, and our hands shall not be upon him to kill him; for our brother is our own flesh. And his brethren agreed.

 

וְעָבָרוּ גַבְרֵי מִדְיָנָאֵי מָרֵי פְּרַקְמַטְיָא וּנְגִידוּ וְאַסִיקוּ יַת יוֹסֵף מִן גוּבָא וְזַבִּינוּ יַת יוֹסֵף לַעֲרָבָאִין בְּעֶשְרִין מָעִין דִכְסַף וְזַבְּנוּ מִנְהוֹן סַנְדְלִין וְאַיְיתִיוּ יַת יוֹסֵף לְמִצְרָיִם

28 And the Midianite men, masters of business, passed by; and they drew and brought up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Arabians for twenty mahin of silver; and they bought sandals of them. And they brought Joseph to Mizraim.

 

וְתַב רְאוּבֵן לְגוֹבָא אֲרוּם לָא הֲוָה עִמְהוֹן לְמִסְעוֹד כַּד זַבְּנוֹהִי דַהֲוָה יָתֵיב בְּצוֹמָא עַל דְבַלְבֵּל מַצַע אָבוֹי וַאֲזַל וְיָתֵיב בֵּינֵי טַוְורַיָא לְמֶהֱדוֹר לְגוּבָא לְאַסְקוּתֵיהּ לְאָבוּי מָאִים יִסַב לֵיהּ אַפִּין וְכֵיוַון דְתָב וַחֲמָא וְהָא לֵית יוֹסֵף בְּגוֹבָא וּבְזַע יַת לְבוּשׁוֹי

29 And Reuben returned to the pit; for he had not been with them to assist when they sold him, because he had sat fasting on account that he had confounded the couch of his father; and he had gone and sat among the hills, that he might return to the pit and bring him up for his father, if haply he might avert his anger. But when he had returned, and looked, and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit, he rent his clothes,

 

וְתַב לְוַת אָחוּי וַאֲמַר טַלְיָא לֵיתוֹהִי וַאֲנָא לְהָן אֲנָא אָתֵי וְהֵיכְדֵין נֶחֱמֵי סְבַר אַפּוֹי דְאַבָּא

30 and returned to his brethren, and said, The youth is not; and I,whither shall I go, and how shall I see the look of my father’s face?

 

וּנְסָבוּ יַת פַּרְגוֹדָא דְיוֹסֵף וּנְכָסוּ צְפִיר בַּר עִיזֵי אֲרוּם אַדְמֵיהּ דָמֵי לִדְגַבְרָא וּטְבָלוּ יַת פַּרְגוֹדָא בְּאַדְמָא

31 But they took the garment of Joseph, and killed a kid of the goats, because his blood is like the blood of a man, and they dabbled the garment in the blood.

 

וְשַׁדָרוּ בְּיַד בְּנֵי זִלְפָּה וּבְיַד בְּנֵי בִלְהָה יַת פַּרְגוֹד מְצַיָיר וְאַיְיתוֹהִי לְוַת אֲבוּהוֹן וְאָמָרוּ הָא אַשְׁכַּחֲנָא אִשְׁתְּמוֹדַע כְּדוּן הֲפַרְגוֹדָא דִבְרָךְ הִיא אִין לָא

32 And they sent it by the hand of the sons of Zilpha and of the sons of Bilhah the figured garment; and they brought it to their father, and said, This have we found; know now, whether it be thy son’s garment, or not.

 

וְאִשְתְּמוֹדְעָהּ וַאֲמַר פַּרְגוֹד דִבְרִי הִיא לָא חֵיוַת בָּרָא אֲכַלְתֵּיהּ וְלָא עַל יַד בְּנֵי נְשָׁא אִתְקְטֵיל אֶלָא חָמִי אֲנָא בְּרוּחַ קוּדְשָׁא דְאִיתָּא בִּישְׁתָּא קַיְימָא לְקִבְלֵיהּ

33 And he recognized it and said, It is my son’s garment: a beast of the wilderness hath not devoured him, neither hath he been slain by the hand of man; but I see by the Holy Spirit, that an evil woman standeth against him.

 

וּבְזַע יַעֲקב לְבוּשׁוֹי וַאֲסַר שַקָא בְּחַרְצוֹי וְאִתְאַבֵּל עַל בְּרֵיהּ יוֹמִין סַגִיאִין

34 And Jakob rent his clothes, and wrapped sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son many days.

 

וְקָמוּ כָּל בְּנוֹי וְכָל נְשֵׁי בְנוֹי וַאֲזָלוּ לְמִנַחֲמָא לֵיהּ וְסָרִיב לְקַבָּלָא תַּנְחוּמִין וַאֲמַר אֲרוּם אֵיחוּת לְוַת בְּרִי כַּד אָבֵילְנָא לְבֵי קְבוּרְתָּא וּבְכָא יָתֵיהּ בְּרַם יִצְחָק אָבוֹי

35 And all his sons and all the men of his house arose and went to console him; but he refused to receive consolation, and said, For I will go down to my son mourning to the house of the grave. And Izhak his father also wept for him.

 

וּמִדְיָנָאֵי זַבִּינוּ יָתֵיהּ לְמִצְרַיִם לְפוֹטִיפַר רַבָּא דְפַרְעה רַב סַפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא

36 But the Midianites sold him in Mizraim to Potiphar a captain of Pharaoh, a captain of the guards.

 

 

Chapter 38ל״ח

 

 

וַהֲוָה בְּעִידָנָא הַהוּא וּנְחַת יְהוּדָה מִנִכְסוֹי וְאִתְפְּרַשׁ מִן אָחוֹי וּסְטָא לְוַת גַבְרָא עֲדוּלְמָאָה וּשְׁמֵיהּ חִירָה

1 It was at that time that Jehuda had gone down from his property, and separated himself from his brethren, and had inclined to a man an Adullemite whose name was Hira,

 

וַחֲמָא תַמָן יְהוּדָה בְּרַת גְבַר תַּגָר וּשְׁמֵיהּ שׁוּעַ וְגַיְירָהּ וְעַל לְוָתָהּ

2 that Jehudah saw there the daughter of a merchant man whose name was Shuva, and he proselyted her, and entered with her.

 

וְאִתְעַבָּרַת וִילִדַת בַּר וּקְרַת יַת שְׁמֵיהּ עֵר אֲרוּם בְּלָא וְולַד עָתִיד לִמְמָת

3 And she conceived and bare a son, and called his name Er, because he was to die without a child.

 

וְאִתְעַבָּרַת תּוּב וִילֵידַת בַּר וּקְרַת יַת שְׁמֵיהּ אוֹנָן אֲרוּם בְּרַם עֲלוֹי עָתִיד אָבוֹי לְאִתְאַבְּלָא

4 And she conceived again, and bare a son, and called his name Onan, because his father would have to mourn for him.

 

וְאוֹסִיפַת תּוּב וִילֵידַת בַּר וּקְרַת יַת שְׁמֵיהּ שֵׁלָה אֲרוּם שְׁלִי יָתָהּ בַּעֲלָהּ וַהֲוָה בְּפַסְקַתַ כַּד יְלֵידַת יָתֵיהּ

5 And she added, and bare a son, and called his name Shela, because her husband had forgotten her and was in cessation when she bare him.

 

וּנְסִיב יְהוּדָה אִיתָּא לְעֵר בּוּכְרֵיהּ בְּרַת שֵׁם רַבָּא וּשְׁמָהּ תָּמָר

6 And Jehuda took a wife for Er his firstborn, a daughter of Shem the great, whose name was Tamar.

 

וַהֲוָה עֵר בּוּכְרָא דִיהוּדָה בִּישׁ קֳדָם יְיָ עַל דְלָא הֲוָה יָהִיב זַרְעֵיהּ לְאִנְתְּתֵיהּ וּתְקֵיף רוּגְזָא דַיְיָ עֲלֵיהּ וְקַטְלֵיהּ יְיָ

7 But Er the firstborn of Jehuda was evil before the Lord because he had not given his seed unto his wife, and the anger of the Lord prevailed against him, and the Lord slew him.

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה לְאוֹנָן עוֹל לְוַת אִתַּת אָחוּךְ וְיַיבֵּם יָתָהּ וַאֲקֵם זַרְעָא עַל שְׁמָא דְאָחוּךְ

8 And Jehuda said unto Onan, Enter thou to thy brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed unto the name of thy brother.

 

וִידַע אוֹנָן אֲרוּם לָא עַל שְׁמֵיהּ אִיקְרוֹן בְּנִין וַהֲוָה כַּד הֲוָה עָלֵיל לְוַת אִנְתְּתֵיהּ דְאָחוֹי הֲוָה מִחַבֵּל עוֹבְדוֹי עַל אַרְעָא דְלָא לְמִקְמָה בְּנִין עַל שְׁמֵיהּ דְאָחוֹי

9 And Onan knew that they would not call the children after his name, and it was, when he entered to the wife of his brother, that he corrupted his work upon the earth, that he might not raise up children to his brother’s name.

 

וּבְאֵשׁ קֳדָם יְיָ מַה דְעָבַד וּקְטַע אוּף יַת יוֹמוֹי

10 And what he did was evil before the Lord and he cut off his days also.

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה לְתָמָר כַּלְתֵיהּ תִיבִי אַרְמְלָא בֵּית אֲבוּיִיךְ עַד דְיִרְבֵּי שֵׁלָה בְּרִי אֲרוּם אָמַר דִלְמָא יְמוּת אַף הוּא כְּאָחוֹי וְאָזְלַת תָּמָר וִיתֵבַת בֵּית אָבוּהָא

11 And Jehuda said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, Remain a widow in thy father’s house, till Shela my son be grown up. For he said, Lest he also die as his brethren Tamar went and remained in her father’s house.

 

וּסְגוֹ יוֹמַיָא וּמִיתַת בַּת שׁוּעַ אִיתַּת יְהוּדָה וְאִתְנְחֵם יְהוּדָה וּסְלֵיק עַל גוֹזְזֵי עָנֵיהּ הוּא וְחִירָה רַחֲמֵיהּ עֲדוּלְמָאָה לְתִמְנָת

12 And days multiplied and the daughter of Shuva, Jehuda’s wife, had died, and Jehuda was comforted. And Jehuda went up to the shearing of his flock, he and Hira his friend the Adullemite, to Timnath.

 

וְאִיתְנֵי לְתָמָר לְמֵימָר הָא חֲמוּיִיךְ סַלִיק לְתִמְנָת לְמֵיגַז עָנֵיהּ

13 And it was told to Tamar, saying, Behold, thy father-in-law cometh up to Timnath to shear his flock.

 

וְאַעֲדַת לְבוּשֵׁי אַרְמְלוּתָהּ מִינָהּ וְכַסְיַית בִּרְדִידָא וְאַעַטְפַת וִיתֵיבַת בְפַרְשַׁת אָרְחִין דְכָל עַיְינִין מִסְתַּכְּלִין תַּמָן דְעַל שְׁבִילָא דְתִמְנַת אֲרוּם חָמַת אֲרוּם רַבָּא שֵׁלָה וְהִיא לָא אִתְיְהִיבַת לֵיהּ לְאִנְתּוּ

14 And she put the dress of her widowhood from her, and covered herself with a veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the dividing of the road where all eyes see, upon the way of Timnath. For she knew that Shela was grown up, yet she had not been given to him to be his wife.

 

וְחַמְיָהּ יְהוּדָה וַהֲוָה מְדַמָה בְּאַנְפּוֹי כְּנַפְקַת בָּרָא אֲרוּם כְּעִיסַת אַפִּין הֲוַת בְּבֵיתֵיהּ דִיהוּדָה וְלָא הֲוָה יְהוּדָה רָחֵים יָתָהּ

15 And Jehuda saw her; but she seemed in his face as an harlot, because she had provoked him to anger in his house, and Jehuda did not love her.

 

וּסְטָא לְוָותָהּ לְאָרְחָא וַאֲמַר הֲבִי כְּדוֹן אֵיעוֹל לְוָותִיךְ אֲרוּם לָא יָדַע אֲרוּם כַּלְתֵיהּ הִיא וַאֲמָרַת מַה תִתֵּן לִי אֲרוּם תֵיעוֹל לְוָתִי

16 And he inclined to her in the way and said, Let me now go in with thee: for he knew not that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said What wilt thou give me to go in with me?

 

וַאֲמַר אֲנָא אֲשַׁדֵר גִידֵי בַּר עִיזֵי מִן עָנָא וַאֲמָרַת אִין תִּתֵּן מַשְׁכּוֹנָא עַד דְתִשְׁדַר

17 And he said, I will send thee a kid of the goats from the flock. And she said, If thou wilt give me a pledge until thou shalt have sent.

 

וַאֲמַר מַה מַשְׁכּוֹנָא דְאֶתֵּן לִיךְ וַאֲמָרַת סִיטוּמְתָּךְ וְחוּטְיָיךְ וְחוּטְרָךְ דְבִידָךְ וִיהַב לָהּ וְעַל לְוָותָהּ וְאִתְעַבָּרַת לֵיהּ

18 And he said, What pledge shall I give thee? And she answered, Thy seal, and thy mantle, and thy staff which is in thy hand. And he gave (them) to her, and went in with her; and she conceived by him.

 

וְקָמַת וְאָזְלַת וְעָדַת רְדִידָהּ מִנָהּ וּלְבִישַׁת לְבוּשֵׁי אַרְמְלוּתָהּ

19 And she arose and went, and put her veil from her, and put on the dress of her widowhood.

 

וְשַׁדַר יְהוּדָה יַת גִידֵי בַּר עִזֵי בְּיַד רַחֲמֵיהּ עֲדוּלְמָאָה לְמִסַב מַשְׁכּוֹנָא מִידָא דְאִיתְּתָא וְלָא אַשְׁכְּחָה

20 And Jehuda sent the kid of the goats by the hand of his friend the Adullemite, to bring back the pledge from the hand of the woman; but he found her not.

 

וּשְׁאַל יַת אִינְשֵׁי אַתְרָהּ לְמֵימַר הָאַן מַטְעִיתָא דְהִיא בִּסְכוֹת עַיְינִין עַל אוֹרְחָא וַאֲמָרוּ לָא הֲוָת הָכָא מַטְעִיתָא

21 And he asked the men of the place, saying, Where is the harlot who was in the sight of the eyes by the way? And they said, There is no harlot here.

 

וְתַב לְוַת יְהוּדָה וַאֲמַר לָא אַשְׁכְּחִיתָהּ וְאוּף אִינְשֵׁי אַתְרָא אֲמָרוּ לָא הֲוַת הָכָא מַטְעִיתָא

22 And he returned to Jehuda and said, I could not find her: and the men of the place also said that no harlot was there.

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה תִּסַב לָהּ מַשְׁכּוֹנְיָא דִילְמָא נֶהֱוֵי לִגְחוּךְ הָא שַׁדְרִית יַת גַדְיָא הָדֵין וְאַנְתְּ לָא אַשְׁכַּחְתָּהּ

23 And Jehuda said, Lest she should have taken the pledge, lest we become a laughing stock, behold, I have sent this goat, and thou canst not find her.

 

וַהֲוָה בִּזְמַן תְּלַת יַרְחִין אִשְׁתְּמוֹדְעָא דִמְעַבְּרָא הִיא וְאִיתְנֵי לִיהוּדָה לְמֵימַר זַנְיָית תָּמָר כַּלְתֵךְ וְאוּף הָא מְעַבְּרָא לִזְנוּ וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה הֲלָא בַּת כָּהֵן הִיא הַנְפָקוּהָא וְתִתּוֹקָד

24 And it was at the time of three months, that she was known to be with child: and it was told to Jehuda, saying Tamar thy daughter-in-law hath committed fornication and, behold, she is with child by fornication. And Jehuda said, Is she not the daughter of a priest. Let her be brought forth and burned.

 

תָּמָר מִתְאַפְקָא לְאִיתּוֹקְדָא וּבְעַת תְּלַת מַשְׁכּוֹנְיָא וְלָא אַשְׁכַּחְתְּנוּן תָּלַת עֵינָהָא לִשְׁמֵי מְרוֹמָא וְכֵן אָמְרַת בְּבָעוּ בְּרַחֲמִין מִן קֳדָמָךְ יְיָ עֲנֵי יָתִי בַּהֲדָא שַׁעְתָּא אַנַנְקִי וְאַנְהָר עַיְינִי וְאַשְׁכַּח תְּלַת סַהֲדֵי וַאֲנָא מְקַיְימָא לָךְ מִן חַרְצְיַי תְּלָתָא קַדִישַׁיָיא דְמִקַדְשִׁין שְׁמָךְ וְנַחְתִין לְאַתּוּן נוּרָא בְּבִקְעַת דוּרָא בֵּיהּ שַׁעְתָּא רָמַז קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא לְמִיכָאֵל וְאַנְהַר עַיְינָהּ וְאַשְׁכַּחְתּוּן וּנְסִיבַת יַתְהוֹן וְטַלְקַת יַתְהוֹן קָמֵי רִיגְלֵי דַיָינַיָא וַאֲמַרַת גַבְרָא דְאִלֵין מַשְׁכּוֹנְיָא דִידֵיהּ מִינֵיהּ אֲנָא מְעַבְּרָא וְאַף עַל גַב דַאֲנָא יָקְדָא לֵית אֲנָא מְפַרְסְמָא לֵיהּ בְּרָם מָרֵי עַלְמָא יִתֵּן בִּלְבָבֵיהּ דְיַכִּיר יַתְהוֹם וִישֵׁיזִיב יָתִי מִן דִינָא רַבָּא הָדֵין וְכֵיוַן דְחָמָא יַתְהוֹם יְהוּדָה אַכֵּר יַתְהוֹם בְּכֵן אָמַר בְּלִבֵּיהּ טַב לִי בָּהִית בְּעַלְמָא הָדֵין דְהוּא עָלַם עֲבִיר וְלָא נַבְהִית בְּאַנְפֵּי אַבְהָתִי צַדִיקַיָא בְּעַלְמָא דְאָתֵי טַב לִי יַקִיד בְּעַלְמָא הָדֵין בְּאֵישָׁא טַפְיָא וְלָא נֵיקַד בְּעַלְמָא דְאָתֵי בְּאֵישָׁא אָכְלָא אֵשָׁא דְמֵיכְלָא קָבֵיל מֵיכְלָא הוּא לְפוּם דְאַמָרִית לְיַעֲקב אַבָּא אַכַּר כְּדוֹן פַּרְגוֹדָא דִבְרָךְ לְפוּם כֵּן צְרָכִית לְמִשְׁמַע בְּבֵי דִינָא לְמַן אִינוּן סִיטוּמְתָּא וְחוֹטְיָא וְחוֹטְרַיָא הָאִלֵין

25 Tamar was brought forth to be burned, and she searched for the three pledges, but found them not. Uplifiting her eyes to the heavens above, she thus said, Mercy I implore from Thee, O Lord: answer Thou me in this hour of need, and enlighten mine eyes to find the three witnesses; and I will dedicate unto Thee from my loins three saints who shall sanctify Thy name, and descend to the furnace of fire in the plain of Dura. In that hour the Holy One, blessed be He, signed to Michael, who enlightened her eyes, that she found (the witnesses) and took and cast them before the feet of the judges, and said, The man to whom these pledges belong is he by whom I am with child. Yet though I may be burned I do not make him manifest: nevertheless the Lord of the world will cause him in his heart to acknowledged them, and will deliver me from this great judgment. Now when Jehuda saw them, he recognized them, and said in his heart, It is better for me to be ashamed in this world that passeth away, than be ashamed in the faces of my righteous fathers in the world to come. It is better that I burn in this world by a fire that is extinguished, than burn in the world to come with fire devouring fire. For measure is set against measure. This is according to that which I said to Jakob my father, Know now the robe of thy son; so am I now constrained to hear at the place of judgment, Whose are this seal and mantle and staff ?

 

וְאַכֵּר יְהוּדָה וַאֲמַר זַכְיָא הִיא תָמָר מִינִי אִתְעַבָּרַת וּבְרַת קָלָא נַפְלַת מִשְׁמַיָיא וַאֲמַרַת דְמִן קֳדָמַי הֲוָה פִּתְגָמָא וְאִשְׁתְּזָבוּ תַּרְוֵיהוֹם מִן דִינָא וַאֲמַר בְּגִין דְלָא יְהַבְתָּהּ לְשֵׁלָה בְּרִי אִירַע יָתִי כְּדוֹן וְלָא אוֹסֵף תּוּב לְמֵידְעָהּ בְּמִשְׁכְּבָא

26 And Jehuda, acknowledged and said, Tamar is innocent; she is with child by me. And the Bath kol fell from heaven, and said, From before Me was this thing done, and let both be delivered from judgment. And Jehuda said, Because I gave her not to Shela my son, hath this happened to me. But he added not to know her again.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּעִידַן מֵלְדָהּ וְהָא תְיוּמִין בִּמְעָהָא

27 But it was in the time of her giving birth, that, behold, twins were in her womb.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּמוֹלְדָהּ וּפָשַׁט יוֹלְדָא יַת יְדֵיהּ וּנְסִיבַת חַיְיתָא וּקְטָרַת עַל יְדֵיהּ חוּט זְהוֹרִי לְמֵימָר דֵין נְפַק בְּקַדְמֵיתָא

28 And it was in being born that the child stretched forth his hand; and the midwife took it, and bound it with a scarlet thread, saying, This came the first.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד אָתֵיב יוֹלְדָא יַת יְדֵיהּ וְהָא נְפַק אָחוֹי וַאֲמַרַת מַה תְּקוֹף סַגִי תְּקִיפְתָּא וְעָלָךְ אִית לְמִיתְקוֹף דְאַנְתְּ עָתִיד לְמֶחֱסַן מַלְכְּוָותָא וּקְרַת שְׁמֵיהּ פָּרֶץ

29 And after the child had withdrawn his hand, behold, his brother came forth, and she said, With what great power hast thou prevailed, and for thee will it be to prevail; for thou wilt possess the kingdom. And she called his name Pharets.

 

וּבָתַר כְּדֵין נְפַק אָחוֹי דְעַל יְדֵיהּ קָטִיר חוּט זְהוֹרֵי וּקְרַת שְׁמֵיהּ זָרַח

30 And afterward came forth his brother, upon whose hand was bound the scarlet thread, and she called his name Zarach.

 

 

Chapter 39ל״ט

 

 

וְיוֹסֵף אִיתָּחַת לְמִצְרַיִם וְזַבְּנֵיהּ פּוֹטִיפַר עַל דְחַמְיֵיהּ שַׁפִּיר בְּגִין לְמֶעֱבַד עִמֵיהּ מִשְׁכְּבֵיהּ דְכוּרָא וּמִן יַד אִתְגְזַר עֲלוֹי וְיָבִישׁוּ שַׁעַבְזוֹי וְאִסְתָּרַס וְהוּא רַבָּאֵי דְפַרְעה רַב סַפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא גְבַר מִצְרָאֵי בְּעַרְבְנוּתָא מִן עַרְבָאֵי דְאַחֲתוֹהִי לְתַמָן

1 But Joseph was brought down into Mizraim; and Potiphar, a man of Mizraim, a chief of Pharoh, a chief of the executioners, bought him with the pledge of the Arabians who had brought him down thither.

 

וַהֲוָה מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ בְּסַעֲדָא דְיוֹסֵף וַהֲוָה גְבַר מַצְלָח וַהֲוָה בְּבֵית רִבּוֹנֵיהּ מִצְרָאֵי

2 And the Word of the Lord was Joseph’s Helper, and he became a prosperous man in the house of his Mizraite master.

 

וַחֲמָא רִבּוֹנֵיהּ אֲרוּם מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ הֲוָה בְּסַעֲדֵיהּ וְכָל דְהוּא עָבִיד יְיָ מַצְלַח בִּידֵיהּ

3 And his master saw that the Word of the Lord was his Helper, and that the Lord prospered in his hand all that he did;

 

וְאַשְׁכַּח יוֹסֵף רַחֲמִין בְּעֵינוֹי וְשַׁמֵשׁ יָתֵיהּ וּמַנְיֵיהּ אַפַּטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בַּיְיתֵיהּ וְכָל דְאִית לֵיהּ מָסַר בִּידֵיהּ

4 and Joseph found favor in his eyes, and he served him, and he appointed him superintendent over his house, and all that he had he delivered in his hands.

 

וַהֲוָה מֵעִידָן דְמַנְיֵיהּ אַפַּטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בַּיְיתֵיהּ וְעַל כָּל דְאִית לֵיהּ וּבְרִיךְ יְיָ יַת בֵּית מִצְרָאֵי בְּגִין זְכוּתֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף וַהֲוָה בִּירְכָתָא דַיְיָ בְּכָל מַה דְאִית לֵיהּ בְּבֵיתָא וּבְחַקְלָא

5 And it was from the time he appointed him superintendent over his house, and over all that he had, the Lord prospered the house of the Mizraite for the sake of the righteousness of Joseph, and the blessing of the Lord was on all that he had in the house and in the field.

 

וּשְׁבַק כָּל דְאִית לֵיהּ בִּידָא דְיוֹסֵף וְלָא יְדַע עִמֵיהּ מִדַעַם אֱלָהֵן אִנְתְּתֵיהּ דִשְׁכִיב גַבָּהּ וַהֲוָה יוֹסֵף שַׁפִּיר בְּרֵיוָא וְיָאִי בְּחֶזְוָא

6 And he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand, and took no knowledge of anything of his, except his wife with whom he lay. And Joseph was of goodly form and beautiful aspect.

 

וַהֲוָה בָּתַר פִּתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵין וּזְקָפַת אִתַּת רִבּוֹנֵיהּ יַת עֵינָהּ בְּיוֹסֵף וַאֲמָרַת שְׁכוֹב עִמִי

7 And it was after these things that the wife of his master lifted up her eyes to Joseph, and said, Lie with me.

 

וְסָרִיב לְמִקַרְבַיָא לְגַבָּה וַאֲמַר לְאִתַּת רִבּוֹנֵיהּ הָא רִבּוֹנִי לָא יְדַע עִמִי מִדַעַם מַה בְּבֵיתָא וְכָל דְאִית לֵיהּ מָסַר בִּידִי

8 But he refused to come near her, and said to his master’s wife, Behold, my master taketh no knowledge of what is with me in the house, and all he hath he delivereth into my hand;

 

לַיְיתֵיהּ רַב בְּבֵיתָא הָדֵין מִינִי וְלָא מְנַע מִנִי מִדַעַם אֱלָהֵין יָתָךְ מִן בִּגְלַל דְאַנְתְּ אִינְתְּתֵיהּ וְאֵיכְדֵין אֶעֱבִיד בִּשְׁתָּא רַבְּתָא הָדָא וְאֵחוּב קֳדָם יְיָ

9 there is none in the house greater than I nor hath he restricted me from anything but thyself, because thou art his wife: and how can I do this great wickedness, and become guilty before the Lord ?

 

וַהֲוָה כְּדֵי מַלִילַת עִם יוֹסֵף יוֹמָא דֵין וְיוֹם מָחְרָא וְלָא קַבֵּיל מִינָהּ לְמִשְׁכּוּב גַבָּהּ לְמֶהֱוֵי מִתְחַיֵיב עִמָהּ בְּיוֹם דִינָא רַבָּא לְעַלְמָא דְאָתֵי

10 And it was when she spake with Joseph this day and the next, and be hearkened not to her to lie with her, lest with her he should be condemned in the day of the great judgment of the world to come;

 

וַהֲוָה בְּיוֹמָא הָדֵין וְעַל לְבֵיתָא לְמֵיבְחוּשׁ בְּפִנְקְסֵי חוּשְׁבָּנֵיהּ וְלֵית אֱנַשׁ מֵאִינְשֵׁי בֵיתָא תַּמָן בְּבֵיתָא

11 it was on a certain day that he entered the house to examine the tablets of his accounts, and there was no man of the house within;

 

וְאַחַדְתֵּיהּ בִּלְבוּשֵׁיהּ לְמֵימַר שְׁכוּב עִמִי וְשַׁבְקֵיהּ לִלְבוּשֵׁיהּ בִּידָהּ וְאָפַק לְשׁוּקָא

12 that she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and went forth into the street.

 

וַהֲוָה כְּדִי חָמַת אֲרוּם שָׁבַק לִלְבוּשֵׁיהּ בִידָהּ וְאָפַק לְשׁוּקָא

13 And when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and had gone forth into the street,

 

וְרָמַת חֶלְבּוֹנָא דְבֵיעָתָא בְּדַרְגְשָׁא וּקְרַת לְאַנְשֵׁי בֵיתָהּ וַאַמַרַת חָמוּן שִׁכְבַת זַרְעָא דְאַטִיל דֵין דְאַיְיתִי רִיבּוֹנְכוֹן לָנָא גְבַר עִבְרָאֵי לְמִגְחוֹךְ בָּנָא עַל לְוָתִי לְמִשְׁכּוֹב עִמִי וּקְרִית בְּקָלָא רָמָא

14 that she called the men of the house and said, See this, which the Hebrew man hath done whom your master hath brought to mock us. He came in to lie with me, and I cried with a high voice.

 

וַהֲוָהּ כַד שָׁמַע אֲרוּם אֲרֵימִית קָלִי וּקְרִית וְשָׁבַק יַת לְבוּשֵׁיהּ לְוָתִי וְאָפַק לְשׁוּקָא

15 And when he heard that I lifted up my voice, he left his garment with me, and went forth into the street.

 

וְאַנְחַת לְבוּשֵׁיהּ גַבָּהּ עַד דְעַל רִבּוֹנֵיהּ לְבַיְיתֵיהּ

16 And she let the garment remain until his master came into his house;

 

וּמַלִילַת לֵיהּ כְּפִתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵין לְמֵימַר עַל לְוָתִי עַבְדָא עִבְרָאֵי דְאַיְיתֵיתָא לָנָא לְמִגְחוֹךְ בִּי

17 and she spake to him according to these words, saying The Hebrew servant whom thou broughtest to us came in to me to mock me.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד אֲרֵימִית קָלִי וּקְרֵית וְשַׁבְקֵיהּ לִלְבוּשֵׁיהּ לְוָתִי וְעָרִיק לְשׁוּקָא

וַהֲוָה כְּדִי שְׁמַע רִבּוֹנֵיהּ יַת פִּתְגָמֵי אִנְתְּתֵיהּ דְמַלִילַת עִמֵיהּ לְמֵימַר כְּפִתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵין עָבַד לִי עַבְדָךְ וּתְקֵיף רוּגְזֵיהּ

18 And when his master heard the words which his wife spake with him, saying, According to these things did thy servant to me, his wrath became strong.

 

וּנְסִיב עֵטָתָא רִבּוֹנֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף מִן כּוּמְרָנַיָא דְבַדְקַן דְחֶלְבּוֹנָא הוּא וְלָא קְטַל יָתֵיהּ וְיַהֲבֵיהּ בְּבֵי אֲסִירֵי אָתַר דַאֲסִירֵי מַלְכָּא אֲסִירִין וַהֲוָה תַמָן בְּבֵית אֲסִירֵי

19 And Joseph’s master took counsel of the priests, who put him not to death, but delivered him into the house of the bound, where the king’s prisoners were bound; and he was there in the house of the bound.

 

וַהֲוָה מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ בְּסַעֲדֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף וּנְגַד עֲלֵיהּ חִיסְדָא וִיהַב רַחֲמוּתֵיהּ בְּעֵינֵי רַב בֵּית אֲסִירֵי

20 And the Word of the Lord was Joseph’s Helper, and extended mercy to him, and gave him favor in the eyes of the captain of the prison.

 

וּמַנִי רַב בֵּית אֲסִירֵי בְּיַד יוֹסֵף יַת כָּל אֲסִירַיָא דִבְבֵית אֲסִירֵי וְיַת כָּל דְעָבְדִין תַּמָן הוּא מִפְקָד לְמֶעֱבַד

21 And the captain of the prison confided all the prisoners who were in the house to Joseph’s hands, and whatsoever was done there he commanded to be done.

 

לֵית צְרוֹךְ לְרַב בֵּית אֲסִירֵי לְמִנְטַר יַת יוֹסֵף כְּאוֹרַח כָּל אֲסִירַיָא אֲרוּם לָא חָמֵי יַת כָּל סוּרְחַן בִּידֵיהּ בְּגִין דְמֵימַר דַיְיָ הֲוָה בְּסַעֲדֵיהּ וּדְהוּא עֲבִיד יְיָ מַצְלָח

22 It was not needful for the captain of the prison to watch Joseph, after the custom of all prisoners, because he saw that there was no fault in his hands; for the Word of the Lord was his Helper, and that which he did the Lord made it to prosper.

 

 

Chapter 40מ׳

 

 

וַהֲוָה בָּתַר פִּתְגָמַיָא הָאִלֵין וְאִתְחַוָוא לְמֵימַר סָרְחוּ רַב מְזוּגַיָא דְמַלְכָּא דְמִצְרַיִם וְרַב נַחֲתּוֹמַיָא וְאִתְיַעֲטוּ לְמִירְמֵי סַמָא דְמוֹתָא בְּמֵיכְלֵיהּ וּבְמַשְׁקַיֵיהּ לְמִיקְטַל לְרִיבּוֹנְהוֹם לְמַלְכָּא דְמִצְרָיִם

1 And after these things it was shown, saying the chief of the butlers of the king of Mizraim, and the chief of the bakers, have offended; having taken counsel to throw the poison of death into his food, and into his drink, to kill their master the king of Mizraim.

 

וּכְנַס פַּרְעה כְּדִי שָׁמַע עַל תְּרֵין רַבְרְבָנוֹי עַל רַב שָׁקֵי וְעַל רַב נַחְתּוֹמֵי

2 And Pharaoh was angry when he heard concerning his two servants, the chief cup-bearer and the chief baker.

 

וִיהַב יַתְהוֹם בְּמַטְרָא בֵּי רַב סְפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא לְבֵית אֲסִירֵי אַתְרָא דְיוֹסֵף אֲסִיר תַּמָן

3 And he gave them in ward in the house of the chief executioner, the prison house where Joseph was confined.

 

וּמַנִי רַב סְפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא יַת יוֹסֵף עִמְהוֹן וְשַׁמֵשׁ יַתְהוֹם וַהֲווֹ יוֹמִין בְּבֵית מַטְרָא

4 And the chief executioner entrusted Joseph with them, and he served them, and they were certain days in the house of custody.

 

וְחָלְמוּ חֵילְמָא תְּרֵיהוֹן גְבַר חַלְמֵיהּ בְּלֵילְיָא חַד גְבַר חֶלְמֵיהּ וּפוֹשְׁרָן חֵילְמָא דְחַבְרֵיהּ מְזוֹגָא וְנַחְתּוֹמָא דִי לְמַלְכָּא דְמִצְרַיִם דַאֲסִירִין בְּבֵית אֲסִירֵי

5 And they dreamed a dream, both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man his own dream, and the interpretation of his companion’s dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Mizraim who were confined in the prison.

 

וְאָתָא לְוַתְהוֹן יוֹסֵף בְּצַפְרָא וַחֲמָא יַתְהוֹם וְהָא אִינוּן כְּנִיסִין

6 And Joseph came to them in the morning, and saw them, and, behold, they were troubled.

 

וּשְׁאַל יַת רַבְרְבֵי פַרְעה דְעִמֵיהּ בְּמַטְרַת בֵּיתָא דְרִבּוֹנֵיהּ לְמֵימָר מָדֵין סְבַר אַפֵּיכוֹן בִּיש יוֹמָא דֵין מִכָּל יוֹמַיָא דִהֲוֵיתוּן הָכָא

7 And Joseph asked the chiefs of Pharaoh who were with him in the custody of his master’s house, saying, Why is the look of your faces more evil today than all the other days that you have been here?

 

וַאֲמָרוּ לֵיהּ חֵילְמָא חֲלֵימְנָא וּפְשַׁר לֵית לֵיהּ וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן יוֹסֵף הֲלָא מִן קֳדָם יְיָ פּוּשְׁרַן חֶלְמַיָיא אִשְׁתְּעוּ כְּדוֹן לִי

8 And they said to him, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter for it. And Joseph answered, Are not the interpretations of dreams from tile Lord? Tell it now to me.

 

וְאִשְׁתְּעֵי רַב מְזוֹגַיָא יַת חֶלְמֵיהּ לְיוֹסֵף וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ חָמֵי הֲוִית בְּחֶלְמִי וְהָא גוּפְנָא קֳדָמָי

9 And the chief of the butlers related his dream to Joseph, and said to him, I saw in my dream, and, behold, a vine was before me.

 

וּבְגוּפְנָא תְּלָתֵי מְצוֹגְיָא וְהוּא כְדִי אַפְרַחַת אַפֵּיקַת לַבְלוֹבָהָא וּמִן יַד בָּשְׁלוּ סְגוֹלְיָהָא הֲווֹ עֲנָבִין

10 And in the vine were three branches; and as it sprouted it brought forth buds, and immediately they ripened into clusters, and became grapes.

 

חָמֵי הֲוֵית עַד דְיַהֲבִין כַּסָא דְפַרְעה בִּידִי וּנְסֵיבִית יַת עִנְבַיָיא וְעַצְרִית יַתְהוֹן לְכַסָא דְפַרְעה וִיהָבִית יַת כַּסָא עַל יְדָא דְפַרְעה

11 And I gave the cup of Pharaoh into my hand, and I took the grapes, and expressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand.

 

וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ יוֹסֵף דֵין סוֹף פּוֹשְׁרָנָא דְחֶלְמָא תְּלָתֵי מְצוֹגְיָא תְּלָתֵי אַבְהַת עַלְמָא אִינוּן אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקב דְמִן בְּנֵי בְנֵיהוֹן עֲתִידִין לְמִישְׁתַּעְבְּדָא לְמִצְרַיִם בְּטִינָא וּבְלִיבְנָא וּבְכָל פּוּלְחָנָהָא בְּאַנְפֵּי בְרָא וּמִן בָּתַר כְּדוֹן מִתְפָּרְקִין עַל יַד תְּלַת רַעֲיָין וְדִי אֲמַרְתְּ נְסִיבִית יַת עִינְבַיָיא וְעַצְרִית יַתְהוֹם לְכַסָא דְפַרְעה וִיהָבִית יַת כַּסָא לִידָא דְפַרְעה הוּא פְיָילָא דְרוּגְזָא דְעָתִיד פַּרְעה שָׁתֵי בְּעִקְבָא וְאַתְּ רַב מְזוֹגַיָא תְּקַבֵּל אֲגַר טַב עַל חֶלְמָךְ טַב דְחָלַמְתָּא וּפוֹשְרָנֵיהּ דֵין הוּא לָךְ תְּלָתֵי מְצוֹגְיָיא תְּלָתָא יוֹמִין הִינוּן לְפוּרְקָנָךְ

12 And Joseph said to him, This is the end of the interpretations of the dream. The three branches are the three Fathers of the world, Abraham, Izhak, and Jakob, the children of whose sons are to be enslaved in Mizraim in clay and brick (work,) and in all labor of the face of the field: but afterwards shall the be delivered by the hand of three shepherds. As thou hast said, I took the grapes and expressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and gave the cup Into Pharaoh’s hand: It is the vial of wrath which Pharaoh (himself) is to drink at the last. But thou, the chief butler shalt receive a good reward concerning the good dream which thou hast dreamed; and the interpretation of it, to thyself, is this: The three branches are three days until thy liberation.

 

בְּסוֹף תְּלָתֵי יוֹמִין יֵיעוּל קֳדָם פַּרְעה דוּכְרָנָךְ וְיָרִים יַת רֵישָׁךְ בִּיקָר וִיתֵבִינָךְ עַל שִׁמוּשָׁךְ וְתִתֵּן כַּסָא דְפַרְעה בִּידֵיהּ כְּהִלְכָתָא קַדְמָאָה דַהֲוִית מְזוֹגֵיהּ

13 At the end of three days the memory of thee will come before Pharaoh and he will lift up thy head with honor, and restore thee to thy service, and thou wilt give the cup of Pharaoh into his hand, according to thy former custom in pouring out for him.

 

שְׁבַק יוֹסֵף יַת רוֹחֲצָנֵיהּ דִלְעֵיל וְנָקַט רוֹחֲצָנֵיהּ דְבַר נַשׁ וַאֲמַר לְרַב מְזוֹגַיָא אֱלָהֵן תִּדְכְּרִינַנִי עִמָךְ כַּד יִיטַב לָךְ וְתֶעֱבַד כְּדוֹן עִמִי טִיבוּ וְתִידְכַּר עָלַי קֳדָם פַּרְעה וּתְהַנְפְקִינַנִי מִן בֵּית אֲסִירֵי הָדֵין

14 Joseph, leaving his higher trust and retaining confidence in a man, said to the chief butler, But be thou mindful of me when it shall be well with thee, and act kindly by me, and remember me before Pharaoh and obtain my deliverance from this prison house.

 

אֲרוּם מִגְנַב אִתְגַנֵיבִית מִן אַרְעָא דְעִיבְרָאֵי וְאוּף הָכָא לָא עֲבָדִית מִדַעַם בִּישׁ אֲרוּם שַׁוִיאוּ יָתִי בְּבֵית אֲסִירֵי

15 For I was verily carried away dishonestly from the land of the Hivraee and here also I have done nothing evil, that they should put me in prison.

 

וַחֲמָא רַב נַחְתּוֹמֵי אֲרוּם יָאוּת פָּשָׁר דְהוּא חָמָא פּוּשְׁרַן חֵילְמָא דְחַבְרֵיהּ וְשָׁרֵי לְמַלָלָא בִּלְשׁוֹן רוּגְזָא וַאֲמַר לְיוֹסֵף אוּף אֲנָא הַוִית חָמֵי בְּחֶלְמִי וְהָא תְּלָתָא סַלִין דְפִיתָּא נַקְיָא עַל רֵישִׁי

16 And the chief baker, when he understood the interpretation of his companion’s dream, seeing that he had interpreted well, began to speak with an impatient tongue, and said to Joseph, I also saw in my dream, and, behold, three baskets of fine cakes were upon my head.

 

וּבְסַלָא עִלָאָה מִכָּל תַּפְנוּקֵי מֵיכַל פַּרְעה עוֹבַד נַחְתּוֹם וְעוֹפָא אָכִיל יַתְהוֹם מִן סַלָא מֵעִילַוֵי רֵישִׁי

17 and in the upper basket of all delicious meat for Pharaoh made by the confectioner and the birds ate them from the basket upon my head.

 

וְאָתֵיב יוֹסֵף וְאָמַר דֵין הוּא פּוּשְׁרָנֵיהּ תְּלָתָא סַלַיָא תְּלָתֵי שַׁעֲבּוּדַיָא הִינוּן דַעֲתִידִין לְבֵית יִשְרָאֵל לְמִשְׁתַּעֲבְּדָא וְאַנְתְּ רַב נַחֲתּוֹמֵי תְּקַבֵּיל אֲגַר בִּישׁ עַל חֶלְמָךְ בִּישׁ דְחָלַמְתָּ דְפָשַׁר לֵיהּ יוֹסֵף יַת מַה דִשְׁפַר בְּעֵינוֹי וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ דֵין לָךְ פּוּשְׁרָנֵיהּ תְּלָתָא סַלַיָא תְּלַת יוֹמִין הִינוּן לְקַטְלָךְ

18 Joseph answered and said, This is its interpretation. The three baskets are the three enslavements with which the house of Israel are to be enslaved. But thou, the chief of the bakers, wilt receive an evil award, by the dream which thou hast dreamed. And Joseph explained it, as it was proper in his eyes and said to him: This is its interpretation to thyself. The three baskets are three days until thy death.

 

בְּסוֹף תְּלָתָא יוֹמִין יַעֲדִי פַּרְעה בְּסַיְיפָא יַת רֵישָׁךְ מֵעִילוֹי גוּפָךְ וְיִצְלוֹב יָתָךְ עַל קֵיסָא וְיֵיכוּל עוֹפָא יַת בִּישְרָךְ מִינָךְ

19 At the end of three days, Pharaoh with the sword will take away thy head from thy body, and will hang thee upon a gibbet, and the birds will cut thy flesh from thee.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּיוֹם תְּלִיתָאֵי יוֹם גְנוּסָא דְפַרְעה וְעָבַד שֵׁירוּ לְכָל עַבְדוֹי וְרוֹמַם יַת רֵישׁ רַב מְזוֹגַיָא וְיַת רֵישׁ רַב נַחְתּוֹמַיָא בְּגוֹ עַבְדוֹי

20 And it was on the third day, the nativity of Pharaoh that he made a feast to all his servants. And he lifted up the head of the chief butler, and the head of the chief baker, in the midst of his servants.

 

וְאָתֵיב יַת רַב מְזוֹגֵיהּ עַל מַזְגֵיהּ דְאִשְׁתַּכַּח דְלָא הֲוָה בְּעֵיטָא הַהוּא וִיהַב כַּסָא עַל יְדָא דְפַרְעה

21 And he restored the chief butler to his butlership, because he found he had not been in that counsel. And he gave the cup into Pharoh’s hand.

 

וְיַת רַב נַחְתּוֹמֵי צְלָב דְיָעַט לְמִקְטְלֵיהּ הֵיכְמָא דְפָשַׁר לְהוֹם יוֹסֵף

22 But the chief baker he hanged, because he had taken counsel to kill him, even as Joseph had expounded to them.

 

וּבְגִין דְשָׁבַק יוֹסֵף חִסְדָא דִלְעֵיל וְאִתְרָחִיץ בְּרַב מְזוֹגַיָא בִּבְשַר עָבִיד בְּגִין כֵּן לָא אִידְכַּר רַב מְזוֹגַיָא יַת יוֹסֵף וְאַנְשְׁיֵיהּ עַד זְמַן דִי מָטָא קִיצָא מִן קֳדָם יְיָ לְמִתְפַּרְקָא

23 But because, Joseph had withdrawn from the mercy that is above, and had put his confidence in the chief butler, he waited on the flesh. Therefore the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him, until from the Lord came the time of the end that he should be released.

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