Targum Torah Portions Week 10: Miketz מִקֵּץ “At The End”

by | Dec 10, 2019

Targum Jonathan on Genesis

Week 10

Chapters 41:1 – 44:17

Chapter 41מ״א

 

 

ויהי וַהֲוָה מִסוֹף תַּרְתֵּין שְׁנִין עָאל דוּכְרָנָא דְיוֹסֵף קֳדָם מֵימְרָא דַיְיָ וּפַרְעה הֲוָה חָלִים וְהָא קָאִי עַל נַהֲרָא

1 It was at the end of two years, that the remembrance of Joseph came before the Word of the Lord. And Pharaoh dreamed, and, behold, he stood by the river,

 

וְהָא מִן נַהֲרָא סַלְקַן שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתֵי שַׁפִּירָן לְמֵיחֲמֵי וּפַטִימָן בִּשְרָא וְרַעֲיָין בְּגוֹי גוּמַיָא

2 and, behold, from the river came up seven oxen good-looking and fat-fleshed; and they grazed in the midst of the sedges.

 

וְהָא שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתִי חוֹרַנְיַן סַלְקַן מִן נַהֲרָא בִּישָׁן לְמֵיחֲמֵי וְחַסְכָן בְּבִשְרֵיהוֹן וְקָמַן לְקִבְלֵיהוֹן דְתוֹרָתֵי עַל כֵּיף נַהֲרָא

3 And, behold, seven other oxen came up from the river, evil-looking and lean in their flesh, and stood by the side of tile oxen on the bank of the river.

 

וְאָכְלָא תוֹרָתֵי דְבִישִׁין לְמֵיחְמֵי וַחֲסִירָן בְּבִשְרֵהוֹן יַת שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתֵי דְשַׁפִּירָן לְמֶחֱמֵי וּפַטִימָתָא וְאִתְעַר פַּרְעה מִדַמְכֵיהּ

4 And the evil-looking and lean-fleshed oxen devoured the seven good-looking and fat. And Pharaoh awoke from his sleep.

 

וְדָמִיךְ וַחֲמָא חֶלְמָא תִּנְיָנוּת וְהָא שִׁבְעָה תּוּבְלֵי סַלְקָן בְּקַנְיָא חָד פַּטִימָן וְטָבָן

5 And he slept, and saw a second dream; and, behold, seven ears arose on one stalk, full and good;

 

וְהָא שִׁבְעָה תוּבְלֵי לַקְיַין וּשְׁקִיפַן קִידוּם צָמְחָן בַּתְרֵיהֶן

6 and, behold, seven ears, thin and blighted with the east wind, sprang up after them.

 

וּבָלְעַן תּוּבְלַיָיא לַקְיָיתָא יַת שְׁבַע תּוּבְלַיָיא פַּטִימָתָא וּמַלְיָתָא וְאִיתְעַר פַּרְעה וְהָא הֲוָה חֵילְמָא

7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven fat and full. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it was a dream.

 

וַהֲוָה בְּצַפְרָא וּמְטַרְפָא רוּחֵיהּ וְשָׁדַר וּקְרָא יַת כָּל חַרְשֵׁי מִצְרָאֵי וְיַת כָּל חַכִּימָהָא וְאִישְׁתָּעֵי פַּרְעה לְהוֹם יַת חֶלְמַיָא וְלָא הֲוָה אֶפְשַׁר לִגְבַר דִי יִפְשַׁר יָתֵיהּ אֲרוּם מִן קֳדָם יְיָ אִסְתַּקֵף מִן בִּגְלַל דִי מָטָא זִמְנֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף לְמִיפַּק מִן בֵּית אֲסִירֵי

8 And in the morning his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called all the magicians of Mizraim and all the wise men; and Pharaoh told them the dreams; but no man was able to interpret it; for it was occasioned by the Lord, because the time had come that Joseph should come forth from the house of the bound.

 

וּמַלֵיל רַב מְזוֹגַיָא קֳדָם פַּרְעה לְמֵימַר יַת סוֹרְחָנִי אֲנָא מַדְכַּר יוֹמָא דֵין

9 And the chief of the cup-bearers spake before Pharaoh, saying, My faults do I remember this day.

 

מִן קֳדָם יְיָ אִסְתַּקֵף דְפַרְעה רְגֵיז עַל עַבְדוֹי וִיהַב יָתִי בְּמַטְרָא בֵּי רַב סַפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא יָתִי וְיַת רַב נַחְתּוֹמָא

10 It was occasioned from the Lord that Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and he put me in ward in the house of the chief executioner, me and the chief baker.

 

וְחָלַמְנָא חֵילְמָא בְּלֵילְיָא חָד אֲנָא וְהוּא גְבַר חֵילְמֵיהּ וּפוֹשְׁרָן חֶלְמָא דְחַבְרֵיהּ חָלָמְנָא

11 And we dreamed a dream in one night I and he; each man his (own) dream, and the interpretation of his companion’s dream we dreamed.

 

וְתַמָן עִמָנָא טַלְיָא עִיבְרָאֵי עַבְדָא לְרַב סַפּוֹקְלַטוֹרְיָא וְאִשְׁתָּעִינָא לֵיהּ וּפָשַׁר לָנָא יַת חֵילְמָנָא גְבַר הֵי כְּפוּשְׁרַן חֵילְמֵיהּ פָּשָׁר

12 And there was with us a Hebrew youth, a servant of the chief executioner; and we recounted to him, and he explained the dream to us, to each man be explained the interpretation of his dream.

 

וַהֲוָה הֵיכְמָא דְפָשַׁר לָנָא כְּדֵין הֲוָה יָתִי אוֹתִיב בְּמִילֵיהּ עַל סֵדֶר שִׁימוּשֵׁי וְיָתֵיהּ צְלָב

13 And even as he interpreted to us so it was; me he restored in his sentence to the order of my service, and him he hanged.

 

וְשָׁדַר פַּרְעה וּקְרָא יַת יוֹסֵף וְדִילוּגֵיהּ מִן בֵּית אֲסִירֵי וְסַפֵּר וְשַׁנִי כְּסוּתֵיהּ וְעַל לְוַת פַּרְעה

14 And Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and hastened him from the prison; and he dressed his hair, and changed his garments, and went unto Pharaoh.

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לְיוֹסֵף חֶלְמָא חֲלֵימִית וּמַפְשַׁר לֵית יָתֵיהּ וַאֲנָא שְׁמָעִית עֲלָךְ לְמֵימָר אִין אַנְתְּ שְׁמַע חִילְמָא אַנְתְּ פְּשַׁר לֵיהּ

15 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter for it; and I have heard of thee, saying, that if thou hear a dream thou canst explain it.

 

וְאָתֵב יוֹסֵף יַת פַּרְעה לְמֵימָר בַּר מִינִי לָא אִית גְבַר דְפָשַׁר חֶלְמִין בְּרַם מִן קֳדָם יְיָ יִתּוֹתַב שְׁלָמָא דְפַרְעה

16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, (It is) without me; it is not man who interprets dreams: but from before the Lord shall be an answer of peace unto Pharaoh.

 

וּמַלֵיל פַּרְעה עִם יוֹסֵף לְמֵימָר חָמֵי הֲוֵית בְּחֶלְמִי הָא אֲנָא קָאִי עַל כֵּיף נַהֲרָא

17 And Pharaoh spake with Joseph, saying, I saw in my dream, and, behold, I stood on the bank of the river.

 

וְהִנֵה מִן נַהֲרָא סַלְקַן שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתֵי פַּטִימָן בְּשַר וְשַׁפִּירָן לְמֶחְמֵי וְרַעֲיָין בְּגוֹ גוּמַיָא

18 And, behold, from the river came up seven oxen, fat-fleshed and good looking, and they grazed in the midst of the sedges.

 

וְהָא שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתֵי חוֹרָנִין סָלְקָן בַּתְרֵיהֶן חֲשִיכָן וּבִישָׁן לְמֶחֱמֵי לַחֲדָא וְחַסְיַין בְּבִישְרֵהוֹן לָא חָמִית דִכְוַותְהוֹן בְּכָל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם לְבִישׁוּ

19 And behold seven other oxen came up after them, wasted, and very evil looking, and lean in their flesh. I have not seen the like of them in all the land of Mizraim for badness.

 

וַאֲכִילָן תּוֹרָתֵי חֲשִכְתָּא וּבִישְׁתָא יַת שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתֵי קַמְיָיתָא וּפַטִימָתָא

20 And the wasted and evil oxen devoured the first seven fat oxen.

 

וְעָלָא לִמְעֵהֶן וְלָא אִשְׁתְּמוֹדַע אֲרוּם עָלַן לִמְעֵהֶן וּמֶחְמֵיהֶן בִּישׁ הָא כִּדְבְקַדְמֵיתָא וְאִיתְעָרִית

21 And they entered into their stomach, but it could not be known that they had entered into their stomach, for their appearance was evil as before; and I awoke.

 

וַחֲמִית בְּחֶלְמִי וְהָא שְׁבַע תּוּבְלִין סַלְקָן בְּקַנְיָא חָד מַלְיָין וְטָבָן

22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears arose on one stalk, full and good;

 

וְהָא שְׁבַע תּוּבְלֵי נָצַן לַקְיַין שְׁקִיפַן קִידוּם צָמָחָן בַּתְרֵיהֶן

23 and, behold, seven ears withered, thin, blighted with the east wind, sprang up after them.

 

וּבָלְעָן תּוּבְלַיָא לַקְיָיתָא יַת שְׁבַע תּוּבְלַיָא טַבְתָא וַאֲמָרִית לְחַרְשַׁיָא וְלֵית דְמִתְנֵי לִי

24 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven good ears. And I told the magicians, but there is no one who can teach me.

 

וַאֲמַר יוֹסֵף לְפַרְעה חֵילְמָא דְפַרְעה חַד הוּא מַה דַיְיָ עָתִיד לְמֶעֱבַד תָּנֵי לְפַרְעה

25 And Joseph said to Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh is one. That which the Lord is about to do He showeth to Pharaoh.

 

שְׁבַע תּוֹרָתָן טַבְתָן שְׁבַע שְׁנַיָיא אִינוּן מְבַשְרָן וּשְׁבַע שׁוּבְלַיָא טַבְתָא שְׁבַע שְׁנַיָיא הָאִלֵין אִינוּן מְבַשְרָן חֶלְמָא חַד הוּא

26 The seven good oxen announce seven years; and the seven good ears announce also those seven years: the dream is one.

 

וּשְׁבַע תּוֹרָתָא כְּחִישְׁתָּא וּבִשְׁתָא דְסַלְקָן בַּתְרֵיהֶן שְׁבַע שְׁנַיָיא חוֹרַנְיָיתָא אִינוּן מְבַשְרָן וּשְׁבַע תּוּבְלַיָיא לַקְיָיתָא שְׁקִיפַן קִידוּם הֵם הָכִי מְבַשְרָן דִיהֶוְוַין שְׁבַע שְׁנֵי כַפְנָא

27 And the seven wasted and evil oxen which arose after them announce seven other years; and the seven ears thin and blighted with the east wind likewise make known that there will be seven years of famine.

 

הוּא פִּתְגָמָא דְמַלֵילִית עִם פַּרְעה מַה דַיְיָ עָתִיד לְמֶעֱבַד אַחְמֵי יַת פַּרְעה

28 This is the word that I speak to Pharaoh: what the Lord is about to do He showeth Pharaoh.

 

הָא שְׁבַע שְׁנַיָיא אַתְיָין שׁוֹבְעָא רַבָּא בְּכָל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty in all the land of Mizraim.

 

וִיקוּמוּן שְׁבַע שְׁנֵי כַפְנָא מִן בַּתְרֵיהוֹן וְיִתְנְשֵׁי כָּל שׁוֹבְעָא דַהֲוָה בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם וִישֵׁצֵי כַפְנָא יַת דַיְירֵי אַרְעָא

30 And after them will arise seven years of famine, which will make all the plenty that was in the land of Mizraim to be forgotten; and the famine will consume the inhabitants of the land;

 

וְלָא יִתְיְדַע שׁוּבְעָא דַהֲוָה בְּאַרְעָא מִן כַּפְנָא הַהוּא דִיהֵי מִן בָּתַר כֵּן אֲרוּם תַּקִיף הוּא לַחֲדָא

31 neither will the plenty which had been in the land be known, for the famine that will be afterward, because it will be exceeding strong.

 

וּמִן בִּגְלַל דְאִיתְנֵי חֵילְמָא לְפַרְעה תַּרְתֵּין זִמְנִין אֲרוּם תַּקִיף פִּתְגָמָא מִן קֳדָם יְיָ וּמוֹחִי יְיָ לְמֶעֱבְדֵיהּ

32 And forasmuch as the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice, therefore is the thing confirmed before the Lord, and the Lord hasteneth to do it.

 

וּכְדוּן יֶחְמֵי פַּרְעה גְבַר סוּכְלְתָן וְחַכִּים וְיִמְנִינֵיהּ עַל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

33 But now let Pharoh look out a man prudent and wise, and appoint him over the land of Mizraim.

 

יַעֲבֵיד פַּרְעה וְיִמַנֵי אַפּוֹטְרוֹפִּין עַל אַרְעָא וְיִפְקוּן חַד מִן חַמְשָׁא מִן כָּל עִיבּוּרָא דְאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם בִּשְׁבַע שְׁנֵי שׁוֹבְעָא

34 Let Pharaoh make superintendents over the land, and let them take out one part in five of all the produce of the land of Mizraim in the seven years of plenty.

 

וְיִכְנְשׁוּן יַת כָּל עִיבּוּר שְׁנַיָא טַבְתָא דְאַתְיַין אִלֵין וְיִצְבְּרוּן עִיבּוּרָא תְּחוֹת אַפִּיטְרוֹפִּין דְפַּרְעה וִישַׁווּן עִבּוּרָא בְּקִרְוַיָיא וְיִנְטְרוּן

35 And let them collect all the produce of those good years that are coming, and gather together the produce under the hand of Pharoh’s superintendents, and set the produce in the cities to be kept;

 

וִיהֵי עִיבּוּרָא גְנִיז בִּמְעַרְתָּא בְּאַרְעָא לְמִזַן מִנֵיהּ בְּשֶׁבַע שְׁנֵי כַפְנָא דִיתִיהֶוְיַן בְּאַרַע דְמִצְרַיִם וְלָא יִשְׁתֵּצֵי עַמָא דְאַרְעָא בְּכַפְנָא

36 and there will be provision laid up (as) in a cavern in the earth, that therefrom they may take in the years of famine which come upon the land of Mizraim, that the people of the land perish not through the famine.

 

וּשְׁפַר פִּתְגָמָא קֳדָם פַּרְעה וְקָדָם כָּל עַבְדוֹי

37 And the word was good before Pharoh, and before all his servants.

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לְעַבְדוֹי הַנִשְׁכַּח כְּדֵין גְבַר דִי רוּחַ נְבוּאָה מִן קֳדָם יְיָ בֵּיהּ

38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find a man like this, in whom is the spirit of prophecy from the Lord?

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לִיוֹסֵף בָּתַר דְאוֹדַע יְיָ יָתָךְ יַת כָּל דָא לֵית סוּכְלָתָן וְחַכִּים כְּוָותָךְ

39 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Since the Lord Hath made known all this to thee, there is no one so prudent and wise as thou art.

 

אַנְתְּ תְּהִי אַפִּיטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בֵּיתִי וְעַל גְזֵירַת מֵימַר פּוּמָךְ יִתְּזִינוּן כָּל עַמִי לְחוֹד כּוּרְסֵי מַלְכוּתָא אֱהֵא רַב מִינָךְ

40 Thou shalt be superintendent over my house, and by the decree of thy mouth shall all my people be armed only in the throne of the kingdom will I be greater than thou.

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לְיוֹסֵף חֳמֵי דְמַנִית יָתָךְ סַרְכָן עַל כָּל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, See, I have appointed thee prince over the land of Mizraim.

 

וְאַעֲדִי פַּרְעה יַת עִזְקָתֵיהּ מֵעַל יְדֵיהּ וִיהַב יָתָהּ עַל יְדָא דְיוֹסֵף וְאַלְבִּישׁ יָתֵיהּ לְבוּשִׁין דְבוּץ וְשַׁוֵי מְנִיכָא דְדַהֲבָא עַל צַוָורֵיהּ

42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and set it on Joseph’s hand; and he clothed him in vestments of fine linen, and set a collar of gold upon his neck,

 

וְאַרְכֵּיב יָתֵיהּ בִּרְתִיכָא תִּנְיֵיתָא דִלְפַרְעה וַהֲווֹ מְקַלְסִין לִקְדָמוֹי דֵין אַבָּא לְמַלְכָּא רַב בְּחָכְמָתָא וְרַכִּיךְ בִּשְׁנַיָיא וּמָנֵי יָתֵיהּ סַרְכָן עַל כָּל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם

43 and made him ride in the second chariot of Pharaoh; and they chanted before him, This is the Father of the king; Great in wisdom, few in years. And he appointed him prince over all the land of Mizraim.

 

וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לְיוֹסֵף אֲנָא פַרְעה מַלְכָּא וְאַנְתְּ אַלְקַפְטָא וּבַר מִמֵימְרָךְ לָא יְרִים גְבַר יְדֵיהּ לְמִיסוֹר זַיְינֵיהּ וְיַת רִיגְלֵיהּ לְמִירְכְּוּב עַל סוּסְיָא בְּכָל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם

44 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, I am Pharaoh the king, and thou art viceregent, and without thy word a man shall not lift up his hand to gird on arms, or his foot to mount a horse in all the land of Mizraim.

 

וּקְרָא פַרְעה שְׁמֵיהּ דְיוֹסֵף גַבְרָא דִטְמִירָן מְפַרְסֵם וִיהַב לֵיהּ יַת אָסְנַת דִילֵידַת דִינָה לִשְׁכֶם וּרְבֵיתָה אִיתַּת פּוֹטִיפֶרַע רַבָּא דְטָנִיס לְאִינְתּוּ וּנְפַק יוֹסֵף שַׁלִיט עַל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם

45 And Pharaoh called the name of Joseph, The man who revealeth mysteries. And he gave him Asenath, whom Dinah had borne to Shekem, and the wife of Potiphera prince (Rabba) of Tanis had brought up, to be his wife. And Joseph went forth ruler over the land of Mizraim.

 

וְיוֹסֵף בַּר תְּלָתִין שְׁנִין כַּד קָם קֳדָם פַּרְעה מַלְכָּא דְמִצְרַיִם וּנְפַק יוֹסֵף מִלְוַת פַּרְעה וְעָבַר רַב וְשַׁלִיט בְּכָל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם

50 And Joseph was a son of thirty years when he stood before Pharaoh, king of Mizraim. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh, and passed, a prince and a ruler, through all ,the land of Mizraim.

 

וְאַצְלָחַת אַרְעָא דְכָל תּוּבָלָא עָבַד מְלֵי תְּרֵין קוּמְצִין בְּשֶׁבַע שְׁנֵי שׁוּבְעָא עַד דְיִמְלוּן כָּל אוֹצְרַיָא

51 And the earth (so) brought forth, that every blade made two hands full in the seven years of plenty, until all the granaries were full.

 

וּכְנַשׁ יַת כָּל עִיבּוּר שְׁבַע שְׁנֵי שׁוּבְעָא דַהֲווֹ בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם וִיהַב עִיבּוּרָא בְּקִרְוַיָא עִבּוּר חַקְלֵי קַרְתָּא דִבְחוֹזְרָנָהָא כְּנַשׁ בְּגַוָוהּ

52 And they gathered all the produce of the seven years of plenty which were in the land of Mizraim, and he laid up the produce in the cities; the produce of the fields which were round about a city he laid up therein.

 

וּלְיוֹסֵף אִתְיְלִידוּ תְּרֵין בְּנִין עַד לָא עָלַת שַׁתָּא דְכַפְנָא דִילִידַת לֵיהּ אָסְנַת דְרִיבַת בְּבֵית פּוֹטִיפֶרַע רַבָּא דְטָנִיס

53 And to Joseph were born two sons before the year of famine arose, which Asenath who had been brought up in the house of Potipliera prince of Tanis bare to him.

 

וּקְרָא יוֹסֵף שׁוּם בּוּכְרָא מְנַשֶׁה אֲרוּם אַנְשְׁיַינִי יְיָ יַת כָּל לֵיאוּתִי וְיַת כָּל בֵּית אַבָּא

54 And Joseph called the name of his first born Menasheh; because, the Lord hath made me forget all my weariness and all the house of my father.

 

וְיַת שׁוּם תִּנְיַין קְרָא אֶפְרַיִם אֲרוּם אָמַר תַּקִיף יָתִי יְיָ בְּאַרַע סִיגוּפִי וְהֵיכְדֵין עָתִיד לְמִתְקוֹף בֵּית אַבָּא הָכָא בְּסִיגוּפֵיהוֹם

55 And the name of the second he called Ephraim; for he said, The Lord hath made me mighty in the land of my affliction, as he will make the house of my father mighty here in their afflictions.

 

וּשְׁלִימָן שְׁבַע שְׁנֵי שׁוּבְעָא דְהַוָאָה בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

56 And the seven years of plenty were completed which were to come in the land of Mizraim;

 

וּשְׁרִיאָן שְׁבַע שְׁנֵי כַפְנָא לְמֵיתֵי הֵיכְמָא דַאֲמַר יוֹסֵף וַהֲוָה כַפְנָא בְּכָל אַרְעָתָא וּבְכָל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם הֲוָה לַחְמָא

57 and the seven years of famine began to be, as Joseph had said. And there was famine in all lands, but in all the land of Mizraim there was bread.

 

וּכְפֵינַת כָּל אַרְעָא דְמִצְרַיִם דְלָא הֲוַת מַפְקָא בַּר זַרְעָא וּצְוַח עַמָא קֳדָם פַּרְעה בְּגִין לַחְמָא וַאֲמַר פַּרְעה לְכָל מִצְרָאֵי אִיזִילוּ לְוַת יוֹסֵף דְיֵימַר לְכוֹן תַּעֲבְדוּן

58 And all the land of Mizraim had dearth; because the seed wheat bare no fruit, and the people cried before Pharaoh for bread. And Pharaoh said to all the Mizraee, Go to Joseph, and what he shall tell you do.

 

וְכַפְנָא הֲוַת עַל כָּל אַנְפֵּי אַרְעָא וּפְתַח יוֹסֵף יַת כָּל אוֹצְרִין דִבְהוֹן עִיבּוּרָא וְזַבִּין לְמִצְרָאֵי וּתְקֵף כַּפְנָא בְּאַרְעָא דְמִצְרָיִם

59 And the famine was upon all the face of the land; and Joseph opened all the treasures and sold to the Mizraee. And the famine waxed mighty in the land of Mizraim;

 

וְכָל דַיְירֵי אַרְעָא עָלוּ לְמִצְרַיִם לְמִיזְבַּן עִיבּוּרָא מִן יוֹסֵף אֲרוּם תַּקִיף כַּפְנָא בְּכָל אַרְעָא

60 and all the inhabitants of the earth came into Mizraim to buy provision of Joseph; for the famine was mighty in all the earth.

 

 

Chapter 42מ״ב

 

 

וַחֲמָא יַעֲקב אֲרוּם עַלְלַיָא זַבְּנִין וּמַיְיתָן עִיבּוּרָא מִמִצְרַיִם וַאֲמַר יַעֲקב לִבְנוֹי לְמָא דֵין אַתּוּן דַחֲלִין לְמֵיחוּת לְמִצְרָיִם

1 And Jakob saw that provisions might be bought and that they brought corn from Mizraim; and Jakob said to his sons, Why are you afraid to go down to Mizraim?

וַאֲמַר הָא שְׁמָעִית אֲרוּם אִית עִיבּוּרָא מִזְדַבֵּן בְּמִצְרַיִם חוּתוּ תַּמָן וְזַבּוּנוּ לָנָא מִן תַּמָן וְנֵחֵי וְלָא נְמוּת

2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that corn is sold in Mizraim: go down thither and buy for us from thence, that we may live and not die.

 

וּנְחָתוּ אֲחֵי יוֹסֵף עֲשָרָה לְמִיזְבּוֹן עִיבּוּרָא מִמִצְרָיִם

3 And the ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy corn from Mizraim.

 

וְיַת בִּנְיָמִין אָחוֹי דְיוֹסֵף לָא שָׁדַר יַעֲקב עִם אָחוֹי אֲרוּם אָמַר הָא הוּא טַלְיָא וּמִסְתָּפִינָא דִלְמָא יְאַרְעִינֵיהּ מוֹתָא

4 But Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jakob sent not down with his brethren; for he said, Behold, he is a youth, and I fear lest death should befall him.

 

וְאָתוּ בְּנֵי יִשְרָאֵל כָּל חַד בְּתַרְעָא חַד דְלָא יִשְׁלוֹט בְּהוֹן עַיְינָא בִּישָׁא כַּד יַיעֲלוּן כַּחֲדָא לְמִזְבּוּן בֵּינֵי כְנַעֲנָאֵי דְעָאלוֹן לְמִזְבּוּן אֲרוּם הֲוָת כַּפְנָא בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן

5 And the sons of Israel went every one by one door, lest the evil eye should have sway over them, as they went together to buy among the Kenaanites who went also to buy; because the famine was in the land of Kenaan.

 

וְיוֹסֵף הוּא הֲוָה שַׁלִיט עַל אַרְעָא וִידַע דְאָחוֹי עָלִין לְמִזְבּוּן מַנֵי נְטוּרִין בְּתַרְעֵי קַרְתָּא לְמִכְתּוֹב כָּל דְעָלִיל בְּיוֹמָא הַהוּא שְׁמֵיהּ וְשֵׁם אָבוֹי וְהוּא הֲוָה מְזַבֵּן עִיבּוּרָא לְכָל עַמָא דְאַרְעָא וְאָתוּ אֲחֵי יוֹסֵף וּבְלָשׁוּ בִּסְרַטְיָיתָא וּבְפַלְטְיָיתָא וּבְבָתֵּי פוּנְדַקְתָּא וְלָא אַשְׁכְּחוּהוּ וְעָלוּ לְבַיְיתֵיהּ וּסְגָדוּ לֵיהּ עַל אַפֵּיהוֹם עַל אַרְעָא

6 And Joseph was ruler over the land; and he knew that his brethren had come to buy; for he had appointed notaries at the gates of the city to register daily, of every one who came, his name and the name of his father; and he it was who sold corn to all the people of the land. And the brethren of Joseph came. And they looked through all the streets, and public places, and hospices, but could not find Him. And they came unto his house, and worshipped him with their faces to the ground.

וַחֲמָא יוֹסֵף יַת אָחוֹי וְאִשְׁתְּמוֹדָעִינוּן וְאִתְעֲבֵיד בְּעֵינֵיהוֹם כַּחֲלוֹנָאֵי וּמַלֵיל עִמְהוֹם מִילִין קַשְׁיָין וְאָמַר לְהוֹם מְנָן אָתֵתוּן וַאֲמָרוּ מֵאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן לְמִזְבַּן עִיבּוּרָא

7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and recognized them; but he made himself as a stranger in their eyes, and spake hard words to them, and said to them, Whence come yon? And they said, From the land of Kenaan, to buy corn.

 

וְאִשְׁתְּמוֹדַע יוֹסֵף יַת אָחוּהִי דְכַד אִתְפְּרַשׁ מִנְהוֹם הֲוָה לְהוֹם רוֹשָׁם דְקַן וְאִינוּן לָא אִשְׁתְּמוֹדְעוֹהִי דְלָא הֲוָה לֵיהּ רוֹשָׁם דְקַן וְהַהוּא שַׁעְתָּא אִית לֵיהּ

8 Now Joseph recognised his brethren, because, when separated from them, they had the token of the beard; but they did not recognise him, because (at that time) he had not the token of the beard, and at this hour he had it.

 

וּדְכִיר יוֹסֵף יַת חֶלְמַיָיא דְחָלַם עֲלֵיהוֹם וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם אַלִילֵי אַתּוּן לְמֶחֱמֵי יָת עִרְיָת מַטְעִיתָא דְאַרְעָא אֲתֵיתוּן לְמֶחְמֵי

9 And Joseph remembered the dreams he had dreamed of them. And he said to them, You are spies: to see the nakedness of the shame of the land are you come.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ לֵיהּ לָא רִבּוֹנִי וְעַבְדָךְ אָתָן לְמִזְבַּן עִיבּוּרָא

10 And they answered him, No, my lord, thy servants are come to buy corn:

 

כֻּלָנָא בְּנֵי גַבְרָא חָד נַחְנָא מְהֶמְנֵי אֲנַחְנָא לָא הֲווֹ עַבְדָךְ אַלִילֵי

11 we are all the sons of one man; we are true; thy servants are not spies.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן לָא אֱלָהֵן עֶרְיַת מַטְעַיַית אַרְעָא אֲתֵיתוּן לְמֶחְמֵי

12 But he said to them, No, but to see the nakedness of the shame of the land are you come.

וַאֲמָרוּ תְּרֵיסַר עַבְדָךְ אַחִין אֲנַחְנָא בְּנֵי גַבְרָא חָד בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן וְהָא זְעֵירָא עִם אָבוּנָא יוֹמָא דֵין וְחַד נְפַק מִלְוָותָן וְלֵית אֲנַחְנָא יָדְעִין מַה הֲוָה בְּסֵיפֵיהּ

13 They answered, Thy servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man, in the land of Kenaan; and, behold, the youngest is today with our father, and one went from us, and we know not what hath been in his end!

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יוֹסֵף הוּא דְמַלֵילִית עִמְכוֹן לְמֵימַר אַלִילֵי אַתּוּן

14 And Joseph said to them, This is what I have spoken to you, saying, You are spies.

 

בַּהֲדָא מִילָא תִּתְבָּחֲרוּן חַיֵי דְפַרְעה אִין תִּפְקוּן מִיכָּא אֱלָהֵן בִּדְיֵיתֵי אֲחוּכוֹן קַלִילָא הָכָא

15 By that word you shall be proved. (By) the life of Pharaoh you shall not go hence unless your youngest brother be brought hither.

 

פַּטְרוּ מִנְכוֹן חַד וְיִדְבַּר יַת אֲחוּכוֹן וְאַתּוּן תִּתְאָסְרוּן וְיִתְבָּחֲרוּן פִּתְגָמֵיכוֹן אִין קוּשְׁטָא עִמְכוֹן וְאִין לָא חַיֵי דְפַרְעה אֲרוּם אַלִלֵי אַתּוּן

16 Send one of you, and bring your brother; but you shall be bound, and your words be proved if the truth is with you: and if not, (by) the life of Pharaoh you are spies.

 

וּכְנַשׁ יַתְהוֹם לְבֵית מַטְרָא תְּלָתָא יוֹמִין

17 And he kept them together in the house of confinement three days.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יוֹסֵף בְּיוֹמָא תְּלִיתָאָה דָא עִיבִידוּ וְאִתְקַיְימוּ מִן קֳדָם יְיָ אֲנָא דָחִיל

18 And Joseph said to them on the third day, This do, that you may live; for I fear the Lord.

 

אִם מְהֵמְנִין אַתּוּן אֲחוּכוֹן חַד יִתְאַסַר בְּבֵית מַטְרַתְכוֹן וְאַתּוּן אִיזִילוּ אוֹבִילוּ עִיבּוּרָא דִזְבַּנְתּוּן לִכְפֵינֵי בָתֵּיכוֹן

19 If you are true, let one of your brothers be bound in the house of your confinement and go you, carry the corn, that you may buy for the hunger of your house,

 

וְיַת אֲחוּכוֹן קַלִילָא תַּיְיתוּן לְוָותִי וְיִתְהֵימִנוּן פִּתְגָמֵיכוֹן וְלָא תְמוּתוּן וַעֲבָדוּ כֵן

20 and bring your youngest brother to me, that your words may be verified, and you may not die. And they did so.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ גְבַר לְאָחוֹי בְּקוּשְׁטָא חַיָיבִין אֲנַחְנָא עַל אָחוּנָא דְחָמֵינָא אַנִיקֵי דְנַפְשֵׁיהּ כַּד הֲוָה מְפַיֵיס לָנָא וְלָא קַבֵּילְנָא מִנֵיהּ בְּגִין כֵּן אָתַת לָנָא עַקְתָא הָדָא

21 And they said, a man to his brother, In truth we are guilty concerning our brother, when we saw the distress of his soul, when be entreated us, and we would not hearken to him; therefore hath this affliction come upon us.

 

עָנָא יַתְהוֹם רְאוּבֵן וְאָמַר הֲלָא אֲמָרִית לְכוֹן לְמֵימַר לָא תֵיחְטוּן בְּטַלְיָא וְלָא קַבֵּילְתּוּן מִינִי וְאוּף אַדְמֵיהּ הָא מִתְבָּעֵי מִינָן

22 And Reuben answered them and said, Did I not tell you, saying, Do not sin against the youth? But you would not listen to me; and thus, behold, his blood is required of us.

 

וְאִינוּן לָא הֲווֹ יָדְעִין אֲרוּם שָׁמַע הֲוָה יוֹסֵף בְּלִישַׁן בֵּית קוּדְשָׁא אֲרוּם הֲוָה מְנַשֶׁה לִמְתוּרְגְמָן בֵּינֵיהוֹם

23 But they knew not that Joseph understood (heard) the holy language; for Menasheh was interpreter between them.

 

וְחָזַר מִלְוַותְהוֹם וּבְכָא וְתַב לְוַותְהוֹם וּמַלֵיל עִמְהוֹן וּדְבַר מִלְוַותְהוֹם יַת שִׁמְעוֹן דְיָעַט לְמִקְטְלֵיהּ וְכָפַת יָתֵיהּ קָמֵיהוֹן

24 And he withdrew from them and wept, and returned and, spake with them. And from them he took Shimeon, who had counselled them to kill him, and bound him before them.

 

וּפְקִיד יוֹסֵף לְעַבְדוֹי וּמְלַן יַת מָנֵיהוֹן עִיבּוּרָא וּלְאָתָבָא כַּסְפֵּיהוֹן דִגְבַר לְגוֹ שַקֵיהּ וּלְמִיתַּן לְהוֹן זְוָודִין לְאָרְחָא וְעָבַד לְהוֹם כֵּן

25 And Joseph commanded his servant to fill their vehicles with corn, and to return each man’s money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the way. And he did so for them.

 

וּנְטָלוּ יַת עִיבּוּרֵיהוֹן עַל חַמְרֵיהוֹן וַאֲזָלוּ מִתַּמָן

26 And they laid their corn upon their asses and went thence.

 

וּפְתַח לֵוִי דְאִשְׁתָּאֵר בִּלְחוֹדֵיהּ מִשִׁמְעוֹן חַבְרֵיהּ יַת שַקֵיהּ לְמִתַּן אַסְפַּסְתָּא לְחַמְרֵיהּ בְּבֵי מִבְתוֹתָא וַחֲמָא יַת כַּסְפֵּיהּ וְהָא הוּא בְּפוּם טוֹנֵיהּ

27 Levi, who had been left without Shimeon his companion, opened his sack to give food to his ass at the place of lodging, and saw his money: behold, it was in the mouth of his pannier.

 

וַאֲמַר לְאָחוֹהִי אִיתּוֹתַב כַּסְפִּי וְאוּף הָא בְּטוֹנִי וּנְפַק מַנְדַע לִבְּהוֹן וְתַוְהוּ גְבַר לְאָחוּהִי לְמֵימַר מַה דָא עָבַד יְיָ וְלָא בְּחוֹבָא דִילָנָא

28 And he said to his brothers, My money is returned, behold, it is in my pannier. And knowledge failed from their hearts, and each wondered with his brother, saying, What is this which the Lord hath done, and not for sin of ours?

 

וְאָתוּ לְוַת יַעֲקב אֲבוּהוֹן לְאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן וְתַנִיאוּ לֵיהּ יַת כָּל דְאָרַע יַתְהוֹם לְמֵימָר

29 And they came to Jakob their father in the land of Kenaan, and related to him all that had befallen them, saying,

 

מַלֵיל גַבְרָא רִבּוֹנָא דְאַרְעָא עִמָנָא מִלִין קָשִׁין וּבְזִי יָתָן כִּמְאַלְלֵי אַרְעָא

30 The man the lord of the land spake with us harshly, and treated us as spies of the country:

 

וְאָמַרְנָא לֵיהּ מְהֵימְנֵי אֲנָן לָא הֲוֵינָא אַלִילֵי

31 but we said to him, We are faithful men, not spies.

 

תְּרֵיסַר אֲנַחְנָא אַחִין בְּנֵי אָבוּנָא חַד לֵית אֲנָן יָדְעִין מַה הֲוָה בְּסוֹפֵיהּ וְקַלִילָא יוֹמָא דֵין עִם אָבוּנָא בְּאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן

32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; of one, we know not what was his end, and the youngest is today with our father in the land of Kenaan.

 

וַאֲמַר לָנָא גַבְרָא רִיבּוֹנֵי אַרְעָא בְּדָא אִנְדַע אֲרוּם מְהֵימְנֵי אַתּוּן אֲחוּכוֹן חַד שְׁבוּקִי עִמִי וְיַת דְצָרִיךְ לִכְפוּנֵי בָּתֵּיכוֹן סוּבוּ וְטַיְילוּ

33 And the man, the lord of the land said to us, By this I shall know that you are true. Leave me one of your brothers with me, and what is needed by the hunger of your houses take, and go,

 

וְאַיְתִיאוּ יַת אֲחוּכוֹן קַלִילָא לְוָתִי וְאִנְדַע אֲרוּם לָא אַלִילֵי אַתּוּן אֶלָא מְהֵימְנִי אַתּוּן יַת אֲחוּכוֹן אֶתֵּן לְכוֹן וְיַת אַרְעָא תִּתְגְרוּן בִּפְרַגְמַטְיָא

34 and bring your youngest brother to me, and I shall know that you are not spies, but faithful. I will (then) restore your brother to you, and you shall transact business in the land.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד אִינוּן מְרִיקִין דִיסַקְיֵיהוֹן וְהָא גְבַר קְטַר כַּסְפֵּיהּ בְּדִיסְקְיֵיהּ וְחָמוֹן יַת קִטְרֵי כַּסְפֵּיהוֹן הִינוּן וַאֲבוּהוֹן וּדְחִילוּ עַל שִׁמְעוֹן דְשָׁבְקוּ תַּמָן

35 And it was as they emptied their baggage, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his baggage; and they and their father saw the bundles of money, and they were afraid on account of Shimeon whom they had left there.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יַעֲקב אֲבוּהוֹן יָתִי אִתְכָּלְתּוּן יוֹסֵף אֲמַרְתּוּן חֵיוְתָא בִּישְׁתָּא אַכְלְתֵיהּ וְשִׁמְעוֹן אֲמַרְתּוּן מַלְכָּא דְאַרְעָא כַּפְתֵיהּ וְיַת בִּנְיָמִין בַּעֲיַין אַתּוּן לְמִיסַב עָלַי הֲוָאָה צוּקְתָא דְכוּלְהוֹן

36 And Jakob their father said to them, Me have you bereaved! Of Joseph you said, An evil beast hath devoured him; of Shimeon you have said, The king of the land hath bound him; and Benjamin you seek to take away: upon me is the anguish of all of them.

 

וַאֲמַר רְאוּבֵן לְאָבוֹי לְמֵימַר יַת תְּרֵין בְּנַיי תִּקְטוֹל בְּשַׁמַתָּא אִין לָא אִיתִינֵיהּ לְוָותָךְ הַב יָתֵיהּ עַל יְדַיי וַאֲנָא אָתֵיבִנֵיהּ לָךְ

37 And Reuben spake to his father, saying Slay my two sons with a curse if I do not bring him to thee. Give him into my hand, and I will restore him to thee.

 

וַאֲמַר לָא יֵיחוּת בְּרִי עִמְכוֹן אֲרֵי אָחוֹי מִית וְהוּא בִּלְחוֹדוֹי אִשְׁתַּיֵיר מִן אִמֵיהּ וִיאַרְעִינֵיהּ מוֹתָא בְּאָרְחָא דְתַהֲכוּן בָּהּ וְתַחֲתוֹן יַת סֵיבָתִי בְּדָווּי לְבֵי קְבוּרְתָּא

38 But he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he alone remains of his mother; and if death should befall him in the way that you go, you will bring down my age with mourning to the grave.

 

 

Chapter 43מ״ג

 

 

וְכַפְנָא תַּקִיף בְּאַרְעָא

1 But the famine was strong in the land.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד פָּסְקוּ לְמֵיכוּל יַת עִיבּוּרָא דְאַיְיתוּ מִמִצְרַיִם וַאֲמַר לְהוֹן אֲבוּהוֹן תּוּבוּ זַבִּינוּ לָנָא קַלִילוּ עִיבּוּרָא

2 And it was when they had finished eating the corn they had brought from Mizraim, their father said to them, Return and buy us a little corn.

 

וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ יְהוּדָה לְמֵימַר מְסַהֲדָא אַסְהִיד בְּנָא גַבְרָא לְמֵימַר לָא תֵיחְמוּן סְבַר אַפַּי בִּדְלֵית אֲחוּכוֹן זְעֵירָא עִמְכוֹן

3 And Jehuda spake to him, saying, The man attesting attested to us saying, You shall not see the sight of my face unless your youngest brother be with you.

 

אִין אִיתָךְ מְשַׁדֵר יַת אָחוּנָא עִמָנָא נֵיחוֹת וְנִזְבּוֹן לָךְ עִבּוּרָא

4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy corn for thee;

 

וְאִין לַיְיתָךְ מְשַׁדֵר לָא נֵיחוֹת אֲרוּם גַבְרָא אָמַר לָנָא לָא תֵיחְמוֹן סְבַר אַפַּיי בִּדְלֵית אֲחוּכוֹן עִמְכוֹן

5 but if thou wilt not send (him), we will not go down; for the man told us, You shall not see the sight of my face unless your brother be with you.

 

וַאֲמַר יִשְרָאֵל לְמָא אַבְאֵישְׁתּוּן לִי לְחַוָואָה לְגַבְרָא הַעַד כְּדוֹן אִית לְכוֹן אָחָא

6 And Israel said, Why did you do me evil in showing the man that you had yet a brother?

 

וַאֲמָרוּ מִישְׁאַל שְׁאֵיל גַבְרָא לָנָא וּלְיִחוּסָנָא לְמֵימָר הַעַד כְּדוּן אֲבוּכוֹן קַיָים הַאִית לְכוֹן אָחָא וּתְנֵינָא לֵיהּ עַל מֵימָר פִּתְגָמַיָיא הָאִלֵין הֲמֵידַע הֲוֵינָא יָדְעִין דְיֵימַר אָחִיתוּ יַת אֲחוּכוֹן

7 And they said, The man demanding demanded (to know) about us, and about our family, saying Is your father yet living? Have you a brother? And we informed him according to the word of these things. Could we know that be would say, Bring your brother down?

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה לְיִשְרָאֵל אָבוֹי שָׁדַר טַלְיָא עִמִי וְנֵיקוֹם וְנֵיזֵיל וְנֵיחֵי וְלָא נְמוּת אוּף אֲנַן אוּף אַנְתְּ אוּף טַפְלָנָא

8 And Jehuda said to Israel his father, Send the youth with me, that we may arise and go; and that we may live and not die, both we, and you, and our little ones.

 

אֲנָא מְעַרַבְנָא בֵּיהּ מִן יְדַי תַּבְעִינֵיהּ אִין לָא אַיְיתִינֵיהּ לְוָתָךְ וַאַקִימִינֵיהּ לְקָמָךְ וְנִתְחַיֵיב קָמָךְ כָּל יוֹמַיָא

9 I will be surety for him: of my hand shalt thou require him. If I bring him not to thee again, and set him before thee, the guilt be upon me before thee all days.

 

אֲרוּם אִילוּלֵי פוֹן שְׁהִינָא אֲרוּם כְּדוֹן תַּבְנָא דְנַן תַּרְתֵּין זִמְנִין

10 For unless we had thus delayed, we should already have returned these two times.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יִשְרָאֵל אֲבוּהוֹם אִין כְּדוֹן הוּא דָא עִיבִידוּ סְבוּ מִמַה דִמְשַׁבַּח בְּאַרְעָא וְהָבוּ בְּמָנֵיכוֹן וְאָחִיתוּ לְגַבְרָא דוֹרוֹנָא קָלִיל שְרָף קְטָף וְקָלִיל דְבַשׁ שַׁעֲוָה וּלְטוֹם מְשַׁח דְבוּטְנִין וּמְשַׁח דְלוּזִין

11 And Israel their father said to them, If it must be so, do this: Take of the praiseworthy things of the land, and put them in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little gum and a little honey, wax and ladanum, the oil of nuts, and the oil of almonds,

 

וְכַסְפָּא עַל חַד תְּרֵין סִיבוּ בִּידֵיכוֹן וְיַת כַּסְפָּא דְאִיתּוֹתַב בְּפוּם טוֹעֲנֵיכוֹן תְּתוּבוּן בִּידֵיכוֹן דִילְמָא בְּשָׁלוּ הֲוָה

12 and money two upon one take in your hands, even the money that was returned in the mouth of your baggage, take back in your hands; perhaps it was done in error.

 

וְיַת אֲחוּכוֹן דְבָרוּ וְקוּמוּ תוּבוּ לְוַת גַבְרָא

13 And take Benjamin your brother, and arise, return to the man,

 

וְאֵל שַׁדַי יִתֵּן לְכוֹן רַחֲמִין קֳדָם גַבְרָא וְיִפְטוֹר לְכוֹן יַת אֲחוּכוֹן חוֹרָנָא וְיַת בִּנְיָמִין וַאֲנָא הָא כְּבַר אִתְבַּשְרִית בְּרוּחַ קוּדְשָׁא אֲרוּם אִין אִיתְכְּלִית עַל יוֹסֵף אִיתְכַּל עַל שִׁמְעוֹן וְעַל בִּנְיָמִין

14 and God the Almighty give you mercies before the man, that he may release to you your other brother, and Benjamin: and I, behold, I am now certified by the Holy Spirit that if I am bereaved of Joseph, I shall also be bereaved of Shimeon and of Benjamin.

 

וּנְסִיבוּ גוּבְרַיָא יַת דוֹרוֹנָא הָדָא וְעַל חַד תְּרֵין כַּסְפָּא נְסִיבוּ בִּידֵיהוֹן וּדְבָרוּ יַת בִּנְיָמִין וּנְחָתוּ לְמִצְרַיִם וְאִיתְעַתְּדוּ קֳדָם יוֹסֵף

15 The men took the present, and the money two for one in their hands, and they took Benjamin, and went down to Mizraim, and stood before Joseph.

 

וַחֲמָא יוֹסֵף עִמְהוֹן יַת בִּנְיָמִין וַאֲמַר לִמְנַשֶׁה דִמְמַנָא אַפִּיטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בֵּיתֵיהּ אָעֵיל יַת גוּבְרַיָא לְבֵיתָא וּפְרַע בֵּית נִיכְסְתָא וְסַב גִידָא נַשְׁיָא וְאַתְקַן תַּבְשִׁילָא בְּאַפֵּיהוֹן אֲרוּם עִמִי יֵיכְלוּן גוּבְרַיָא בְּאִישׁוֹן שֵׁירוּתָא דְטִיהֲרָא

16 And Joseph saw Benjamin with them: and he said to Menasheh whom he had made superintendent over his house, Bring the men into the house, and unloose the house of slaughter, and take out the sinew that shrank, and prepare meat before them; for the man shall eat with me at the time of the noonday meal.

 

וְעָבַד גַבְרָא הֵיכְמָא דְאָמַר יוֹסֵף וְאָעֵיל גַבְרָא יַת גוּבְרַיָא לְבֵית יוֹסֵף

17 And the man did as Joseph had said, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.

 

וּדְחִילוּ גוּבְרַיָא אֲרוּם אִיתְעֲלוּ לְבֵית יוֹסֵף וַאֲמָרוּ עַל עֵיסַק כַּסְפָּא דְתַב לְטוֹנָנָא בְּקַדְמֵיתָא אֲנַן מִתְעֲלִין לְמִתְעַקְפָא עֲלָן וּלְמִדְיָינָא עֲלָן וּלְמִקְנֵי יָתָן לְעַבְדִין וּלְמֵיסַב יַת חַמְרָנָא

18 The men feared when they were brought into Joseph’s house, and said, For the money that was returned in our sacks at the first are we brought in, that be may find occasion against us and condemn us, and sell us for slaves, and take our asses.

 

וּקְרִיבוּ לְוַת גַבְרָא דִי מְמַנָא אַפִּיטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בֵּית יוֹסֵף וּמַלִילוּ עִמֵיהּ בִּתְרַע בֵּיתֵיהּ

19 And they drew near the man who had been appointed intendant over Joseph’s house, and spake with him at the gate of the house.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ בְּמָטוּ מִינָךְ רִבּוֹנִי מִיחַת נְחִיתְנָא בְּקַדְמֵיתָא לְמִזְבַּן עִיבּוּרָא

20 And they said, We entreat you, my lord: we indeed came down at first to buy corn.

 

וַהֲוָה כַּד מַטִינָא לְבֵית מִבְתוֹתָא וּפְתַחְנָא יַת טוֹנָנָא וְהָא כְּסַף גְבַר בְּפוּם טוֹנֵיהּ כַּסְפָּנָא בְּמִתְקְלֵיהּ וְאָתֵיבְנָא יָתֵיהּ בִּידָנָא

21 But it was when we had come to our place of lodging, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, the money of a man was in the mouth of his sack: but we have brought it back in our hand.

 

וְכַסְפָּא חוֹרָנָא אָחִיתְנָא בִּידָנָא לְמִזְבּוֹן עִיבּוּרָא לָא יָדַעְנָא מַן שַׁוֵי כַסְפָּנָא בְּטוֹנָנָא

22 And other money have we brought down in hand to buy corn. We know not who put the money in our sacks.

 

וַאֲמַר שְׁלָם לְכוֹן מִן רִבּוֹנִי לָא תִידַחֲלוּן אֱלָהֵיכוֹן וֵאלָהָא דַאֲבוּכוֹן יְהַב לְכוֹן סִימָא בְּטוֹנֵיכוֹן כַּסְפֵּיכוֹן אָתָא לְוָתִי וְאַפֵּיק לְוַותְהוֹן יַת שִׁמְעוֹן

23 And he said, Peace to you; be not afraid of my lord. Your God and the God of your fathers gave you treasure in your sacks: your money came to me. And he brought out Shimeon to them.

 

וְאָעֵיל גַבְרָא יַת גוּבְרַיָא לְבֵית יוֹסֵף וִיהַב מוֹי וּשְׁזִיגוּ רַגְלֵיהוֹן וִיהַב אַסְפַּסְתָּא לַחֲמוֹרֵיהוֹן

24 The man brought the men into Joseph’s house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave them provender for their asses.

 

וְאַתְקִינִין יַת דוֹרוֹנָא עַד מֵיעַל יוֹסֵף בְשֵׁרוּתָא דְטִיהֲרָא אֲרוּם שָׁמְעוּ מִנֵיהּ אֲרוּם תַּמָן יִסְעֲדוּן לַחֲמָא

25 And they made ready the present against the entrance of Joseph at the noon-day feast; for they had heard from him that they were to eat bread there.

 

וְעַל יוֹסֵף לְבֵיתָא וְאָעִילוּ לֵיהּ יַת דוֹרוֹנָא דִי בִידֵיהוֹן לְבֵיתָא וּסְגִידוּ לֵיהּ עַל אַרְעָא

26 And Joseph entered the house, and they offered to him the present which was in their hands for the house; and bowed before him upon the ground.

 

וּשְׁאֵיל לְהוֹם לִשְׁלָם וַאֲמַר הַשְׁלָם לַאֲבוּכוֹן סָבָא דַאֲמַרְתּוּן לִי הַעוֹד כְּדוֹן קַיָים

27 And Joseph saluted them, and said, Is it well with your father, the old man of whom you told me? Is he still alive?

 

וַאֲמָרוּ שְׁלַם לְעַבְדָךְ לְאָבוּנָא עַד כְּדוֹן הוּא קַיֵים וְגַחֲנוּ וּסְגִידוּ

28 They answered, It is well with thy servant our father; he is yet alive. And they bowed and made obeisance.

 

וּזְקַף יַת עֵינוֹי וַחֲמָא יַת בִּנְיָמִין אָחוֹי בַּר אִמֵיהּ וַאֲמַר הָדֵין אֲחוּכוֹן זְעֵירָא דַאֲמַרְתּוּן לִי וַאֲמַר מִן קֳדָם יְיָ יִתְרַחֵם עֲלָךְ בְּרִי

29 And he lifted up his eyes and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother, and said, Is this your youngest brother of whom you told me? And he said, Mercy from the Lord be upon thee, my son!

 

וְאוֹחִי יוֹסֵף אֲרוּם רָחְשׁוּ רַחֲמוֹי עַל אָחוֹי וּבְעָא לְמִבְכֵּי וְעַל לְקִיטוֹנָא דְבֵי מְדַמְכָא וּבְכָא תַמָן

30 And Joseph made haste, for his compassions were moved upon his brother, and he sought to weep, and he went into the chamber the house of sleep, and wept there.

 

וְשָׁזַג אַפּוֹי מִן דִמְעוֹן וּנְפַק וְאִזְדְרַז וַאֲמַר שַׁווּ לַחְמָא

31 And he washed his face from tears, and came forth, and hastened and said, Set bread.

 

וְשַׁוִיוּ לֵיהּ בִּלְחוֹדוֹי וּלְהוֹן בִּלְחוֹדֵיהוֹן וּלְמִצְרָאֵי דְאָכְלִין עִמֵיהּ בִּלְחוֹדֵיהוֹן אֲרוּם לָא כַשְׁרִין מִצְרָאֵי לְמֵיכוֹל עִם יְהוּדָאֵי לַחְמָא אֲרוּם בְּעִירָא דְמִצְרָאֵי דַחְלִין לֵיהּ יְהוּדָאֵי אָכְלִין

32 And they set for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Mizraee who ate with him by themselves; for it was not proper for the Mizraee to eat bread with the Yehudaee, because the animals which the Mizraee worshipped the Yehudaee ate.

 

וְאַחְזָרוּ קֳדָמוֹי רַבָּא כְּהִלְכַת רַבָּנוֹתֵיהּ וּזְעֵירָא כְּהִלְכַת זְעֵירוֹתֵיהּ וַהֲוָה נָקִיט כַּסָא דְכַסְפָּא בִּידֵיהּ וּמְקַשְׁקֵשׁ כִּמְנַחֵשׁ בְּנָהָא דְלֵאָה סָדַר מִצִיטְרָא חָדָא וּבְנָהָא דְזִלְפָּה מִצִיטְרָא חָדָא וּבְנָהָא דְבִלְהָה מִצִיטְרָא חָדָא וּבִנְיָמִין בַּר רָחֵל סָדַר לְצִיטְרֵיהּ וְתַמְהוּ גוּבְרַיָא אֵינַשׁ בְּחַבְרֵיהּ

33 And they sat around him, the greatest according to his majority, and the less according to his minority. For he had taken the silver cup in his hand, and, sounding as if divining he had set in order the sons of Leah on one side, and the sons of Zilpha on the other side, and the sons of Bilhah on another side, and Benjamin the son of Rahel he ordered by the side of himself. And the men wondered each at the other.

 

וּנְטַל חוּלְקִין מֵעַל פְּתוֹרֵיהּ וְשַׁדְרִינוּן מִן קֳדָמוֹי לִקְדָמֵיהוֹן וּסְגָא חוּלְקָא דְבִנְיָמִין מִן חוּלְקֵי כֻּלְהוֹן חַמְשָׁא חוּלְקִין חוּלַק חַד חוּלְקֵיהּ וְחוּלַק חַד מִן דִילֵיהּ וְחוּלַק חַד מִן אִנְתְּתֵיהּ וּתְרֵין חוּלְקִין מִן תְּרֵין בְּנוֹי וּשְׁתִיוּ וּרְוִיוּ עִמֵיהּ דְמִן יוֹמָא דְאִיתְפְּרָשׁוּ מִנֵיהּ לָא שָׁתוּ חַמְרָא לָא הוּא וְלָא הִינוּן עַד יוֹמָא הַהוּא

34 And he sent portions from his table, and they set them forth from him before them. But Benjamin’s portion was larger than the portions of any of them; five portions: one was his own portion one portion from himself, one from his wife, and two portions from his two sons. And they drank and were drunken with him; for from the day when they were separated from him they had not drunk wine, neither he nor they, until that day.

 

 

Chapter 44מ״ד

 

 

וּפְקֵיד יַת מְנַשֶׁה דִמְמַנָא אַפִּיטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בֵּיתֵיהּ לְמֵימָר מְלֵי יַת דִיסְקְיֵי גוּבְרַיָיא עִיבּוּרָא הֵיכְמָא דְאִינוּן יָכְלִין לְסוֹבְרָא וְשַׁוֵי כְּסַף גְבַר בְּפוּם טוֹנֵיהּ

1 And he commanded Menasheh whom he had appointed intendant of his house, saying, Fill the men’s sacks with corn, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his bag.

 

וְיַת אוֹגְבִינִי אוֹגְבִין דְכַסְפָּא שַׁוֵי בְּפוּם טוֹנָא דִזְעֵירָא וְיַת כְּסַף זַבִּינוֹי וְעָבַד כְּפִתְגָמָא דְיוֹסֵף דְמַלֵיל

2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his purchase money. And he did according to the word which Joseph had spoken.

 

צַפְרָא נְהִיר וְגַבְרַיָא אִיתְפַּטָרוּ הִינוּן וַחֲמָרֵיהוֹן

3 The morning lightened, and the men were sent away, they and their asses.

 

הִינוּן נְפָקוּ מִן קַרְתָּא לָא אַרְחִיקוּ וְיוֹסֵף אָמַר לִמְנַשֶׁה דִי מְמַנָא אַפִּיטְרוֹפּוֹס עַל בֵּיתֵיהּ קוּם רְדַף בָּתַר גוּבְרַיָא וְתַדְבִּיקִינוּן וְתֵמַר לְהוֹם לְמָה שְׁלֵימְתּוּן בִּישְׁתָּא חוֹלַף טַבְתָא

4 They had not gone far from city, when Joseph said to Measheh whom he had appointed the intendant of his house, Arise, follow after the men, overtake them and say to them, Why have ye returned evil for good?

 

הֲלָא דֵין דַהֲוָה שָׁתֵי רִבּוֹנִי בֵּיהּ וְהוּא מְטַיְירָא הֲוָה מְטַיֵיר בֵּיהּ אַבְאֵשְׁתּוּן מַה דַעֲבַדְתּוּן

5 Is it not that from which my lord drinketh, and by which divining he divineth? That which you have done is evil.

 

וְאַדְבִּיקִינוּן וּמַלֵיל עִמְהוֹן יַת כָּל פִּתְגָמַיָא הָאִילֵין

6 And he overtook them, and spake with them all these words.

 

וַאֲמָרוּ לֵיהּ לְמָא יְמַלֵיל רִבּוֹנִי כְּפִתְגָמַיָא הָאִילֵין חַס לְעַבְדָךְ מִלְמֶעֱבַד כְּפִתְגָמַיָא הָדֵין

7 They said to him, Why does my lord speak words like these ? Far be it from thy servants to do such a thing.

 

הָא כַסְפָּא דְאַשְׁכַּחְנָא בְּפוּם טוֹנָנָא אָתִיבְנֵיהּ לָךְ מֵאַרְעָא דִכְנָעַן וְהֵיכְדֵין נִיגְנוֹב מִבֵּית רִבּוֹנָךְ מָנִין דִכְסַף אוֹ מָנִין דִדְהָב

8 Behold, the money which we found in the mouth of our bags we brought to thee again from the land of Kenaan; how then should we steal from thy lord’s house vessels of silver, or vessels of gold?

 

דִי יִשְׁתְּכַח עִמֵיהּ מֵעַבְדָךְ יְהִי חַיָיב קְטוֹל וְאוּף אֲנַן נְהִי לְרִבּוֹנִי לְעַבְדִין

9 With whomsoever of thy servants it shall be found, let him be guilty of death, and we also will be slaves of thy lord.

 

וַאֲמַר אוּף כְּדֵין הֵי כְּפִתְגָמֵיכוֹן כֵּן יְהִי דְיִשְׁתַּכַּח עִמֵיהּ יְהִי לִי עַבְדָא וְאַתּוּן תְּהוֹן זַכָּאִין

10 And he said, According to your words let it be. With whomsoever it is found he shall be my slave, but you shall be innocent.

 

וְאוֹחִיאוּ וְאָחִיתוּ גְבַר טוֹנֵיהּ לְאַרְעָא וּפְתָחוּ גְבַר טוֹנֵיהּ

11 And they made haste, and brought down each man his sack upon the ground, and every man opened his sack.

 

וּפִשְׁפֵּשׁ בִּרְאוּבֵן שָׁרֵי וּבְבִנְיָמִין פָּסַק וְאִשְׁתַּכַּח אוֹגְבִין בְּטוֹנָא דְבִנְיָמִין

12 And he searched beginning with Reuben, and ending with Benjamin. And the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.

 

וּבְזָעוּ לְבוּשֵׁיהוֹן וְאִתְיְהַב לְהוֹן כּחַ גְבוּרְתָּא וְטָעֲנוּ גְבַר עַל חַמְרֵיהּ וְתָבוּ לְקַרְתָּא

13 And they rent their clothes; but the strength of fortitude was given to them; and they laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.

 

וְעַל יְהוּדָה וְאָחוֹהִי לְבֵית יוֹסֵף וְהוּא עוֹד כְּדוֹן תַּמָן וְנָפָלוּ קֳדָמוֹי עַל אַרְעָא

14 And Jehuda and his brethren entered into Joseph’s house. He was yet there; and they fell before him on the ground.

 

וַאֲמַר לְהוֹם יוֹסֵף מַה עוּבְדָא הָדֵין דַעֲבַדְתּוּן הֲלָא יְדַעְתּוּן אֲרוּם מְטַיְירָא יְטַיֵיר גְבַר דִכְוָותִי

15 And Joseph said to them, What deed is this that you have done? Could you not know that a man like me divining can divine?

 

וַאֲמַר יְהוּדָה מַה נֵימַר לְרִבּוֹנִי עַל כַּסְפָּא קַדְמָאָה וּמַה נְמַלֵל עַל כַּסְפָּא בַּתְרָאָה וּמַה נִזְדַכֵּי עַל אוֹגְבִין מִן קֳדָם יְיָ אִשְׁתְּכַח חוֹבָא עַל עַבְדָךְ הָא אֲנַחְנָא עַבְדִין לְרִבּוֹנִי אוּף אֲנַן אוּף מַאן דְאִשְׁתַּכַּח כַּלִידָא בִּידֵיהּ

16 And Jehuda said to him What shall we say to my lord concerning the former money, and what concerning the latter money? and how shall we be acquitted concerning the cup? From before the Lord there is sin found upon thy servants. Behold, we are my lord’s servants, and he in whose hand the chalice hath been found.

 

וַאֲמַר חַס לִי מִלְמֶעֱבַד דָא גַבְרָא דְאִשְׁתְּכַח כַּלִידָא בִּידֵיהּ הוּא יְהֵי לִי עַבְדָא וְאַתּוּן סוּקוּ לִשְׁלַם לְוַת אֲבוּכוֹן

17 But he said, Far be it from me to do thus; the man in whose hand the chalice hath been found shall be my slave; but you, go up in peace to your father.

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