Targum Jonathan on Numbers
AND Yahuah spake with Mosheh, saying:
Phinehas the zealous, the son of Elazar bar Aharon, the priest, hath turned away mine anger from the children of Israel, in that, when zealous with My zeal, he hath slain the sinners who were among them; and for his sake I have not destroyed the children of Israel in My indignation.
Swearing by My Name, I say to him, Behold, I decree to him My covenant of peace, and will make him an angel of the covenant, that he may ever live, to announce the Redemption at the end of the days.
And because they defamed him, saying, Is he not the son of Phuti, the Midianite? behold, I will make him to possess the high priesthood; and because he took the lance with his arm, and struck the Midianitess in her body, and prayed with his mouth for the people of the house of Israel, the priests shall be held worthy of the three gifts of the shoulder, the cheek-bone, and the inwards; and it shall be to him, and to his sons after him, an everlasting covenant of consecration, because he was zealous for Yahuah, and propitiated for the children of Israel.
Now the name of the man of Israel who was slain with the Midianitha was Zimri bar Salu, a chief of the house of his fathers of the tribe of Shemeon.
And the name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Kosbi, daughter of Zur, who was called Shelonae, a daughter of Balak, the prince of the people of Moab, whose dwelling-place was in Midian.
And Yahuah spake with Mosheh, saying:
Trouble the Midianites and slay them,
because they troubled you by their deceitful counsels when they beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and of Kosbi their sister, daughter of the prince of Midian, who was slain in the day of the plague for the matter of Peor.
And it came to pass after the plague, that the compassions of the heavens were turned to avenge His people with judgment. And Yahuah spake to Mosheh and Elazar bar Aharon the priest, saying:
Take the sum of the account of the whole congregation of the Beni Israel, from twenty years old and upward, according to the house of their fathers, of every one who goeth forth with the host in Israel.
And Mosheh and Elazar the priest spake with the leaders, and commanded that they should number them in the plain of Moab, by the Jordan (over against) Jericho, saying
(You are to number them) from a son of twenty years and upward, as Yahuah commanded Mosheh and the sons of Israel when they came out of the land of Mizraim.
Reuben, the first-born of Israel: the sons of Reuben, Hanok, the family of Hanok; of Phallu, the family of Phallu;
of Hezron, the family of Hezron; of Karmi, the family of Karmi.
These are the families of Reuben, and their numbers were forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty.
And the sons of Phallu Eliab;
the sons of Eliab, Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. The same were Dathan and Abiram who brought together the congregation that gathered and made the division against Mosheh and Aharon in the congregation of Korach, when they gathered together and made division against Yahuah,
and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed them and Korach, when the congrergation of the wicked died, when the fire devoured the two hundred and fifty men, and they were made an example.
But the sons of Korach were not in the counsel of their father, but followed the doctrine of Mosheh the prophet; and therefore they died not by the plague, nor were smitten by the fire, nor engulphed in the yawning of the earth.
The Beni Shemeon with their families, of Nemuel, the family of Nemuel; of Jamin, the family of Jamin; of Jakin, the family of Jakin.
Of Zerach, the family of Zerach; of Shaul, the family of Shaul.
These are the families of Shemeon, twenty-two thousand two hundred.
Of Gad, with the families, of Zephon, the family of of Zephon; of Haggi, the family of Haggi; of Suni, the family of Suni.
Of Ozni, the family of Ozni; of Heri, the family of Heri.
Of Arod, the family of Arod; of Areli, the family of Areli.
These are the families of Gad, and their numbers were forty thousand five hundred.
Of Jehudah, Her and Onan. But Her and Onan died, on account of their sins, in the land of Kenaan.
Of the Beni Jehudah with their families, of Shela, the family of Shela; of Pherez, the family of Pherez; of Zerach, the family of Zerach.
The sons of Pherez, of Hezron, the family of Hezron; of Amul the family of Amul.
The numbers of the families of Jehudah, seventy-six thousand five hundred.
Of Issakar, with their families, of Thola, the family of Thola; of Puah, the family of Puah.
Of Jashub, the family of Jashub; of Shimron, the family of Shimron.
The numbers of the families of Issakar, sixty-four thousand three hundred.
Of Zebulon, with their families, of Sered, the family of Sered; of Elon, the family of Elon; of Jahleel, the family of Jahleel.
The numbers of the families of Zebulon, sixty thousand five hundred.
Of Joseph, with their families, Menasheh and Ephraim;
the Beni Menasheh, of Makir, the family of Makir, and Makir begat Gilead; of Gilead, the family of Gilead.
These are the sons of Gilead, of Thezar, the family of Theazar; of Helek, the family of Helek.
Of Asriel, the family of Asriel; of Shekem, the family of Shekem.
Of Shemida, the family of Shemida; of Hepher, the family of Hepher.
But Zelophehad bar Hepher had no sons, but daughters only; and the names of the daughters of Zelophebad were, Mahelah, Nohah, Hogelah, Milchah, and Thirzah.
These are the families of Menasheh, and their number fifty-two thousand seven hundred.
The Beni Ephraim by their numbers, of Shuthelah, the family of Shutelah; of Bekir, the family of Bekir; of Tachan, the family of Tachan.
The sons of Shuthelah, of Heran, the family of Heran.
These are the families of Ephraim, and their numbers thirty-two thousand five hundred, these are the families of Joseph.
The families of Benjamin with their families, of Bela, the family of Bela; of Ashbel, the family of Ashbel; of Ahiram, the family of Ahiram.
Of Shephuphia, the family of Shephuphia; of Hupham, the family of Hupham.
The sons of Bela, Ared and Naaman; the family of Ared; of Naaman, the family of Naaman.
These are the Beni Benjamin with their families, and their number forty-five thousand six hundred.
The Beni Dan, with their families, of Shuham, the family of Shuham; These are the families of Beni Dan.
The whole family of Shuham, their number sixty-four thousand four hundred.
Those of Asher with their families, of Jimnah, the family of Jimnah; of Jishvah, the family of Jishvah; of Beriah, the family of Beriah.
and of the sons of Beriah, of Heber the family of Heber; of Malkiel, the family of Malkiel.
The name of the daughter of Asher was Sarach, who was conducted by six myriads of angels, and taken into the Garden of Eden alive, because she had made known to Jacob that Joseph was living.
These are the families of Asher, their numbers fifty three thousand four hundred.
The Beni Naphtali, according to their families, of Jaczeel, the family of Jaczeel; of Guni, the family of Guni.
Of Jezer, the family of Jezer; of Shillem, the family of Shillem.
The Beni Naphtali, according to their families, and their number forty-five thousand four hundred.
These are the numbers of the sons of Israel, six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty.
And Yahuah spake with Mosheh, saying:
Unto these tribes shall the land be divided by inheritances according to their names.
To that tribe whose people are many thou shalt make their inheritance large, and to the tribe whose people are few thou shalt give a smaller inheritance; to each his heritage shall be given according to the number of his names.
Yet the land shall be divided by lots; according to the names of their fathers tribes they shall inherit.
Their heritage shall be divided by lots, whether great or small.
But these are the names of the Levites after their families, the families of Gershon, Kehath, Merari. _
These are the families of the Levites: the family of Lebni, Hebron, Maheli, Mushi, Korach. And Kehath begat Amram;
and the name of Amram’s wife was Jokebed, a daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi when they had come into Mizraim, within the walls; and she bare to Amram Aharon, and Mushe, and Miriam their sister.
And to Aharon were born Nadab and Abihu, Elazar and Ithamar.
But Nadab and Abihu died when they offered the strange fire from the hearth-pots before Yahuah.
And the number of them (the Levites) was twenty-three thousand, every male from a month old, and upward; for they were not reckoned among the children of Israel, as no possession was given them among the sons of Israel.
These are the numbers when Mosheh and Elazar the priest numbered the sons of Israel in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, (over against) Jericho.
And among them was not a man of the numbers when Mosheh and Aharon the priest took the sum of the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai,
because Yahuah had said that dying they should die in the wilderness; and none of them remained except Kaleb bar Jephunneh, and Jehoshua bar Nun.
And the daughters of Zelophehad bar Hepher, bar Gilead, bar Makir, bar Menasheh, of the family of Menasheh bar Joseph, when they heard that the land was to be divided to the males, came to the beth din, trusting in the compassions of Yahuah of the world. And these are the names of the daughters, Mahelah, Nohah, Hogela, Milchah, and Thirzah.
And they stood before Mosheh, after that they had stood before Elazar the priest, the princes, and all the congregation, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, saying:
Our father died in the wilderness, but he was not among the congregation who murmured and gathered to rebel against Yahuah in the congregation of Korach, but died for his own sin; nor made he others to sin; but he had no male children.
Why should the name of our father be taken away from among his family because he had not a male child? if we are not reckoned as a son, and our mother claim (or observe) the Jebam, our mother will take the portion of our father and of our father’s brother. But if we be reckoned as a son, give us an inheritance among our father’s brethren.
This is one of the four cases of judgment brought before Mosheh the prophet, and which he resolved in the manner above said. Of them some were judgments, &c. And Mosheh brought their cause before Yahuah.
And Yahuah spake with Mosheh, saying:
The daughters of Zelophehad have fitly spoken: this hath been written before Me: but they are worthy that it be said of them, Give them possession and inheritance among the brethren of their father, and make over their father’s possession unto them.
And when a son of Israel shall speak, and say, A man hath died without having a male child, then you shall make over his inheritance to his daughter:
if he have no daughter, you shall give his possession to his brothers:
if he have no brothers, you shall give his possession to the brethren of his father:
but if his father had no brothers, then you shall give his possession to his kinsman who is nearest to him of his father’s family to inherit. And this shall be the publication of a decree of judgment to the children of Israel, as Yahuah hath commanded Mosheh.
And Yahuah said to Mosheh, Go up to this mount, of Abaraee, and survey the land which I have given to the children of Israel.
And thou shalt see it, but thou thyself self shalt be gathered to thy people, as Aharon thy brother hath been gathered:
because you were disobedient against My Word in the desert of Zin, in the congregation at the Waters of Strife, to sanctify Me at the waters in their sight: these are the Waters of Strife in the desert of Zin.
And Mosheh spake before Yahuah, saying
May the Word of Yahuah, who ruleth over the souls of men, and by whom hath been given the inspiration of the spirit of all flesh, appoint a faithful man over the congregation,
who may go out before them to set battle in array, and may come in before them from the he battle who may bring them out from the hands of their enemies, and bring them into the land of Israel; that the congregation of Yahuah may not be without the wise, nor go astray among the nations as sheep who go astray, having no shepherd.
And Yahuah said to Mosheh, Take to thee Jehoshua bar Nun, a man upon whom abideth the Spirit of prophecy from before Yahuah, and lay thy hand upon him,
and make him stand before Elazar the priest and the whole congregation, and instruct him in their presence.
And thou shalt confer a ray of thy brightness upon him, that all the congregation of the sons of Israel may be obedient to him.
And he shall minister before Elazar the priest; and when any matter is hidden from him, he shall inquire for him before Yahuah by Uraia. According to the word of Elazar the priest they shall go forth to battle, and come in to do judgment be and all the sons of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
And Mosheh did as Yahuah commanded him, and took Jehoshua and caused him to stand before Elazar the priest and all the congregation;
and he laid his hands upon him and instructed him, as Yahuah commanded Mosheh.
And Yahuah spake with Mosheh, saying:
Instruct the children of Israel, and say to them: The priests may eat of My oblation the bread of the order of My table; but that which you offer upon My altar may no man eat. Is there not a fire that will consume it? And it shall be accepted before Me as a pleasant smell. Sons of Israel, My people, be admonished to offer it from the firstlings on the Sabbath, an oblation before Me in its time.
And say to them: This is the order of the oblations you shall offer before Yahuah; two lambs of the year, unblemished, daily, a perpetual burnt offering.
The one lamb thou shalt perform in the morning to make atonement for the sins of the night; and the second lamb thou shalt perform between the suns to atone for the sins of the day;
and the tenth of three seahs of wheaten flour as a mincha mingled with beaten olive oil, the fourth of a hin.
It is a perpetual burnt offering, such as was (ordained to be) offered at Mount Sinai, to be received with favour as an oblation before Yahuah.
And its libation shall be the fourth of a hin for one lamb; from the vessels of the house of the sanctuary shall it be outpoured, a libation of old wine. But if old wine may not be found, bring wine of forty days to pour out before Yahuah.
And the second lamb thou shalt perform between the suns, according to the presentation of the morning, and according to its oblation shalt thou make the offering, that it may be accepted with favour before Yahuah
but on the day of Shabbatha two lambs of the year without blemish, and two-tenths of flour mixed with olive oil for the mincha and its libation.
On the Sabbath thou shalt make a Sabbath burnt sacrifice in addition to the perpetual burnt sacrifice and its libation.
And at the beginning of your months you shall offer a burnt sacrifice before Yahuah; two young bullocks, without mixture, one ram, lambs of the year seven, unblemished;
and three tenths of flour mingled with oil for the mincha for one bullock; two tenths of flour with olive oil for the mincha of the one ram;
and one tenth of flour with olive oil for the mincha for each lamb of the burnt offering, an oblation to be received with favour before Yahuah.
And for their libation to be offered with them, the half of a bin for a bullock, the third of a bin for the ram, and the fourth of a hin for a lamb, of the wine of grapes. This burnt sacrifice shall be offered at the beginning of every month in the time of the removal of the beginning of every month in the year;
and one kid of the goats, for a sin offering before Yahuah at the disappearing (failure) of the moon, with the perpetual burnt sacrifice shalt thou perform with its libation.
And in the month of Nisan, on the fourteenth day of the month, is the sacrifice of the Pascha before Yahuah.
On the fifteenth day of this month is a festival; seven days shall unleavened be eaten.
On the first day of the festival a holy convocation; no servile work shall ye do;
but offer an oblation of a burnt sacrifice before Yahuah, two young bullocks, one ram, and seven lambs of the year, unblemished, shall you have.
And their minchas of wheat flour, mingled with olive oil, three tenths for each bullock, two tenths for the ram,
and for a single lamb a tenth, so for the seven;
and one kid of the goats, to make an atonement for you:
beside the burnt sacrifice of the morning, the perpetual burnt sacrifice, you shall make these offerings.
According to these oblations of the first day you shall do daily through the seven days of the festival. It is the bread of the oblation which is received with favour before Yahuah; it shall be made beside the perpetual burnt offering, with its libation.
And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; no servile work shall you do.
Likewise on the day of your firstlings, when you offer the gift from the new produce before Yahuah in your ingatherings, after the seven weeks are completed, you shall have a holy convocation, no servile work shall you do;
but offer a burnt sacrifice to be received with favour before Yahuah, two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the year;
also their mincha of wheaten flour mingled with olive oil, three tenths for each bullock, two tenths for the ram,
a tenth to a lamb; so for the seven lambs
one kid of the goats to make an atonement for you;
beside the perpetual burnt offering you shall make these; they shall be unblemished, with their libation of wine.
And in the seventh month, the month of Tishri, on the first of the month you shall have a holy convocation, you may not do any servile work; it shall be to you a day for the sounding of the trumpet, that by the voice of your trumpets you may disturb Satana who cometh to accuse you.
And you shall make a burnt sacrifice to be received with favour before Yahuah; one young bullock, one ram, lambs of the year seven, unblemished;
and their mincha of wheaten flour mingled with olive oil, three tenths for the bullock, two tenths for the ram,
and one tenth for each of the seven lambs;
and one kid of the goats for a sin offering to make an atonement for you;
besides the sacrifice for the beginning of the month and its mincha, and the perpetual sacrifice and its mincha; and their libations according to the order of their appointments, an oblation to be received with favour before Yahuah.
And on the tenth of the seventh month, the month of Tishri, you shall have a holy convocation, and chasten your souls (by abstaining) from food and drink, the bath, friction, sandals, and the marriage bed; and you shall do no servile labour,
but offer a sacrifice before Yahuah to be received with favour; one young bullock, one ram, lambs of the year seven, unblemished, shall you have;
and their mincha of wheat flour mingled with olive oil, three tenths for the bullock, two tenths for one ram,
a singIe tenth for a lamb, so for the seven lambs
one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the sin offering of the expiations, (Lev. xvi.,) and the perpetual sacrifice and their minchas, and the wine of their libations.
And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, no servile work shall you do; but shall celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles before Yahuah seven days,
and offer a sacrifice, an oblation to be received with favour before Yahuah: thirteen young bullocks proceeding daily and diminishing their number, (in all) seventy for the seventy nations, and offering them by thirteen orders; two rams, which you shall offer by two orders; lambs of the year fourteen, unblemished, to be offered by eight orders, offering six of them, by two and two, and two of them one by one, they shall be perfect.
Their mincha also of wheat flour, with olive oil, three tenths for each bullock of the thirteen, two tenths for each ram,
a single tenth for each of the fourteen lambs,
and one kid of the goats for a sin offering, which shall be offered by one order, beside the perpetual sacrifice, the wheat flour for the mincha, and the wine of the libation.
On the second day of the Feast of Tabernacles you shall offer twelve young bullocks, by twelve orders; two rams, by two orders; fourteen lambs of the year unblemished by nine orders, five of them shall offer two by two, and four of them one by one.
And their mincha of wheat flour, and the wine of their libation which shall be offered with the bullocks, rams, and lambs, by their number according to the order of their appointment;
and one ram by one order, a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, and the wheat flour of their minchas, and their libations of wine.
On the third day of the Feast of Tabernacles you shall offer twelve bullocks by twelve orders; two rams by two orders, fourteen unblemished lambs of the year, by ten orders; four of them shall offer two and two, and six of them one by one;
and their mincha of wheat flour, and their libations of wine, you shall offer with the bullocks, rams, and lambs, by the number in their appointed order;
and one kid of the goats for a sin offering by one order; beside the perpetual sacrifice the wheat flour for the mincha, and its libation of wine.
On the fourth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, ten young bullocks by ten orders; two rams by two orders; fourteen unblemished lambs of the year by twelve orders; three of them shall be offered at two times, and eight of them singly;
their mincha of wheaten flour, and their libations of wine, which you shall offer with the bullocks, rams, and lambs by their number, after their appointed order,
and one kid for a sin offering, by one order; beside the perpetual sacrifice, the wheat flour for the mincha, and its libation of wine.
On the fifth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, nine young bullocks by nine orders; two rams by two orders lambs of the year fourteen, perfect by twelve orders two of them in a pair, twelve singly;
and the wheat flour for their mincha, and the libation wine for the bullocks, the rams, and lambs by their number after the order of their appointment;
and one kid for a sin offering by one order; beside the perpetual sacrifice and the wheat flour for the mincha, and the wine of its libation.
On the sixth day of the Feast of Tabernacles, eight young bullocks by eight orders; two rams by two orders; fourteen unblemished lambs of the year by thirteen orders; a pair of them together, and twelve of them singly.
Their mincha of wheat flour, and their libation of wine you shall offer with the bullocks, rams, and lambs, by their number in the order appointed;
and one kid for a sin offering by one order, besides the perpetual sacrifice, the wheat flour for the mincha, the wine of its libation, and a vase of water to be outpoured on the day of the Feast of Tabernacles in grateful acknowledgment (for a good memorial) of the showers of rain.
On the seventh day of the Feast of Tabernacles you shall offer seven bullocks by seven orders; two rams by two orders; fourteen unblemished lambs of the year by fourteen orders: the number of all these lambs ninety-eight, to make atonement against the ninety-eight male dictions.
And their mincha of wheat flour and libations of wine you shall offer with the bullocks, rains, and lambs, by their number,
according to the order appointed one kid by one order, beside the perpetual sacrifice, the wheat flour for the mincha, and its libation of wine.
And on the eighth day you shall gather together joyfully from your tabernacles, in your houses, a gladsome company, a festal day, and a holy convocation shall you have, no servile work shall you do
but offer a sacrifice an oblation to be received with favour before Yahuah; light oblations; one bullock before the one Elohim, one ram for the one people, lambs of the year unblemished, seven, for the joy of the seven days.
Their mincha of wheat flour, and their libations of wine which you shall offer with the bullocks, rams, and Iambs, by their number, after the order of their appointment;
and one kid for a sin offering, beside the perpetual sacrifice, the flour for its mincha, and the wine for its libation.
These you shall offer before Yahuah in the time of your festivals, beside your vows which you vow at the festival, and which you shall bring on the day of the feast, with your free-will oblation for your burnt sacrifice, your mincha, libations, and consecrated victims.
And Mosheh spake to the sons of Israel, according to all that Yahuah had commanded Mosheh.