Wheel Within a Wheel [A Companion Study]

by | Jan 21, 2021


YHUH’s Scriptural Calendar


This article is part 2 of the previous article, Wheel Within a Wheel, and is offered as a full study follow up to part 1 and the “big picture” overview of how the cycles of the luminaries work together as signs to mark the Time of YHUH’s Scriptural Calendar.


Scriptural Calendar Study


1 Thessalonians 5:5
Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness…

This calendar offering is the result of a series of revelations from YHUH and Scripture. It of course involved much seeking in prayer, study, and wrestling with the “new” ideas being revealed, as well as the documented insights and research of MANY other seekers and historians, to whom much credit is due. It was motivated by the simple desire to humbly walk according to the Time of YHUH and with the goal of bringing all the Body of Messiah into one accord. The keeping of YHUH’s Sabbaths and appointed times (Feasts) marks us as His people and is the primary reason we are given the signs with which to know and follow His Time (Exodus 31:13; Ezekiel 20:12, 20).

As seekers and lovers of the truth, we should have no agenda except to know the Father YHUH, His will, and His ways through His Word and Son YHUShA with the guidance of His Set-Apart Spirit (Ruach haKodesh). Since Scripture is the Word of YHUH there can be no discrepancies or contradictions, and it is the final authority.

This Scriptural Calendar is not based any other calendar. Compiling a calendar that harmonizes with all that is revealed in Scripture requires us to re-examine some concepts and clarify the definitions of some terms, all of which will be covered here. Any who wish to know and follow the time of YHUH can utilize this framework for themselves, with no need to rely on any man.


YHUH Has Made a Way and How To Know It


Psalm 19:1-6

The heavens declare the glory of Elohim and the firmament shows his handy work.
Day unto day utters speech and night unto night shows knowledge; there is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard.
Their line is gone out through all the earth and their words to the end of the world.

In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber and rejoices as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.



The constellations, or Zodiac (mazzaroth in Hebrew), are the star formations that tell the Way of Salvation through their positions and order in the heavenly scroll that man cannot change, and that every eye can see.

Genesis 1:14-18

And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night and let them be for signs and for seasons (appointed times) and for days and years. And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth and it was so.


And Elohim made two great lights, the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night and he made the stars also. And Elohim set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth and to rule over the day and over the night and to divide the light from the darkness and Elohim saw that it was good.

Jeremiah 31:35-36

Thus says YHUH, which gives the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divides the sea when the waves thereof roar; YHUH of hosts is his name: If those ordinances depart from before me, says YHUH, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me forever.

YHUH not only gave us the Way of Salvation, but He also gave us signs for the path along the way. The sun, moon and stars (constellations/mazzaroth), are like hands on a clock. The positions and movements of the luminaries in the firmament are set in unchanging ordinances (“laws of nature”) and are the signs given to know the seasons, or appointed times (moedim in Hebrew), days and years.

Jeremiah 10:2

Thus says YHUH, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them.

We are called to know and understand the signs given for us and their purpose. The “heathen” respond to heavenly events with misplaced worship, perplexity and confusion because they don’t know what they are given for or how to follow them. But, for the people of YHUH, the signs will not change nor depart from the courses which are ordained for them to follow and for us to know.


How the Way Was Lost

Ezekiel 32:7-8 

And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, says the Master YHUH.

Isaiah 13:9-13

Behold, the day of YHUH cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.


And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogance of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible. I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir. Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place [literally: standing], in the wrath of YHUH of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

Matthew 24:27-30

For as the lightning comes out of the east, and shines even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together.


Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Mark 13:24-26

But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken. And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory.

When we hear these prophecies we tend to expect and look for a catastrophic, physical fulfillment. Looking deeper into the translation, they speak of a “darkening” as the obscuring of our understanding or a covering of the eyes; the stars “falling” more literally means a loss of their authority and the powers are “shaken” so as to be cast down, or overthrown – usurped by men given over to vain imaginations.

Then… the light “appears” or becomes clear, is revealed, made evident. The glory is “great” as that of the – sun! moon! stars! This pictures the opening of our eyes to, and an unveiling of, the lights of the heavenly scroll being returned to our understanding. HalleluYah!


Isaiah 30:25-26

And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall. Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that YHUH binds up the breach of his people, and heals the stroke of their wound.

Rivers of the living water of the Word are being poured out even as our high minded “towers” fall! And, in His great mercy, YHUH is binding up the breach by restoring to us the light of His Way and His calendar – where the moon is like the sun, and the sun, to those coming out of such darkness, is as the brightness of seven days!



How to Read the Signs


The Creation of a Day

Genesis 1:1-5

In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep and the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters. And Elohim said, ‘Let there be light’, and there was light and Elohim saw the light that it was good and Elohim divided the light from the darkness. And Elohim called the light Day and the darkness he called Night and it was evening and it was morning – day one [echad – unified].

Here we see that darkness “was” and Elohim began the creation of a “day” when He said, “Let there be light…” which He separated from the darkness. He called the light “Day” (first) and the darkness He called “Night”. During the light of Day is when He accomplishes his work throughout the first six days.

After the working hours of Day, the light transitions into evening or fades toward darkness, the meaning of ereb in Hebrew. The darkness is Night, in which there is nothing to report as no work is being accomplished. Night ends in the morning at the dawn of the next day or at “daybreak”, the literal meaning of boqer in Hebrew.

Evening, or “going toward darkness”, is a description of the sun “even-ing” itself with the horizon. This can only happen when there is light first. So, as a transition from light to darkness, evening is part of Day. Then with the light gone there is darkness; and after the darkness of Night, the appearance of first light at dawn. This is the transition of morning and the “breaking” of a new day.



The template of a complete day: the first light of morning transitions into full daylight – daylight fades into evening – evening into night – and night ends as another day begins again at morning = echad: one unified “24 hour” day.

Genesis 15:9; 11-12; 17-18

… Take me an heifer of three years old and a she goat of three years old and a ram of three years old and a turtledove and a young pigeon. And he took unto him all these…  And when the fowls came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away. And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and lo a horror of great darkness fell upon him.
. . .
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down and it was dark behold a smoking furnace and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. In the same day YHUH made a covenant with Abram…

Numbers 11:32

And the people stood up all that day, and all night, and all the next day, and gathered the quails.

Judges 19:25

… so the man took his concubine, and brought her forth unto them; and they knew her, and abused her all the night until the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her go.

1 Samuel 9:26  

they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul…

Jonah 4:7

Elohim prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day and it smote the gourd …

Matthew 28:1

In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week…

Mark 16:1-2

when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulcher at the rising of the sun.

Luke 24:1

Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulcher…

We can see a parallel pattern with the word usage that refers to the “spring” of the day. The dawn of the morning is like the spring season that begins the year and the heat of the day is as the summer; evening is a transition into night, just as fall is a transition into winter.


The Cycle of a Week

In Hebrew, shabuwa means “literally, sevened; a period of seven, a week”. So, a week by definition is a period of 7 units (days, weeks, years, etc.) A “cycle” by definition repeats or is continuous.

Genesis 1:31-2:3

And Elohim saw everything that he had made and behold it was very good and it was evening and it was morning – day six. Thus the heavens and the earth were finished and all the host of them. And on the seventh day Elohim ended his work which he had made and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And Elohim blessed the seventh day and sanctified it because in it he had rested from all his work which Elohim created and made.

Genesis 29:27

Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.

Leviticus 23:15-16

And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths [week cycles] shall be complete: Even unto [or, until] the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto YHUH.

This describes the Feast of Weeks (Shabuot in Hebrew) which culminates on the day after seven sabbaths, or cycles of 7 days, have been completed, for a total count of fifty days.


The first seven days of creation were established as a “week”, and this continuous cycle of seven is independent of the luminaries that were not ordained until Day four. This set-apart cycle, or shabuwa, comes from the word shaba which means “to swear as an oath”. The seventh day Sabbath is an oath YHUH has sworn to us and all of creation, and is why it is called a “perpetual covenant forever”, one that YHUH can and does keep:

Exodus 31:16

Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.

Exodus 20:8-11

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHUH thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days YHUH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YHUH blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

In Leviticus 23, we can note a distinction that is often missed which clears up a point of confusion regarding the appointed times of the Sabbath day and the annual feasts:

Leviticus 23:2-5

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of YHUH, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: IT is the sabbath of YHUH in all your dwellings. [Full stop.]


These are the feasts of YHUH, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in THEIR seasons (appointed times). In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is YHUH’s Passover… etc.

Notice that we are to proclaim the feasts to be holy convocations. The first one mentioned is the sabbath of rest after six days that work shall be done, it’s appointed time is the seventh day. Every seventh day fulfills a “week” and is the appointed time of the “Sabbath of YHUH”.

THEN, there are the feasts which we are to proclaim as holy convocations in THEIR appointed times, because they are not normally Sabbaths – the first of these being the fourteenth of the first month, Passover, and etcetera as the others are listed. These proclaimed appointed times that are numbered from their respective chodesh (translated “new moon”), are specific to each feast.

When we continue on through the chapter, we come to verses 37-38 which reiterate:

Leviticus 37-38

These are the feasts of YHUH, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto YHUH, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, everything upon his day [as prescribed]:
BESIDE the sabbaths of YHUH, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto YHUH.

This tells us that the feasts that are proclaimed in their own relative appointed times are something different and are besides the Sabbath day, or the “Sabbath of YHUH”. The command to “Remember the Sabbath Day…” takes us back to the very first seven day cycle of time and YHUH’s covenant with creation. This sabbath cycle later becomes a test of faith for the Israelites coming out of Egypt…


[Note: This passage is also another witness for the day starting at dawn.]

Exodus 16:4-5; 12-30

YHUH said unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law or no.
And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even you shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am YHUH your Elohim.

And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they knew not what it was.

And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which YHUH hath given you to eat. This is the thing which YHUH hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take you every man for them which are in his tents.

And the children of Israel did so and gathered some more, some less. And when they did measure it with an omer he that gathered much had nothing over and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.
Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.

And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. And it came to pass that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread: two omers for one man and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
And he said unto them, This is that which YHUH hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy Sabbath unto YHUH; bake that which you will bake and seethe that you will seethe and that which remains over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. And they laid it up till the morning as Moses bade and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

And Moses said, Eat that today for today is a Sabbath unto YHUH; today you shall not find it in the field. Six days ye shall gather it but on the seventh day [which is] the Sabbath in it there shall be none. And it came to pass there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather and they found none.
And YHUH said unto Moses, How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? See, for that YHUH hath given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. So the people rested on the seventh day.

The Sabbaths are a mark on those who keep them, it’s the sign of belonging to YHUH:

Exodus 31:13; 16-17

Speak thou also unto the children of Israel saying, Verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that you may know that I am YHUH that does sanctify you.
. . .
Wherefore, the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel forever, for in six days YHUH made heaven and earth and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.

Ezekiel 20:12; 20

Moreover also I gave them my Sabbaths to be a sign between me and them that they might know that I am YHUH that sanctifies them.
. . .
And hallow my Sabbaths and they shall be a sign between me and you that ye may know that I am YHUH your Elohim.


What is Chodesh?


Genesis 1:16-18

Elohim made two great lights, the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night and [he made] the stars [also]. And Elohim set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth. And to rule over the day and over the night and to divide the light from the darkness and Elohim saw that it was good.

Picture yourself there with Abba during the week of creation…

The light of Day three has faded into the evening, night passes and morning breaks the new day. It’s Day four and YHUH has made TWO GREAT LIGHTS that He has placed in the firmament. He ordains them to give light upon the earth and to mark appointed times, days and years.

What would two great lights look like?

We know from Scripture that the greater (great) light will rule the day and is called the “sun” (shemesh) and the lesser (great) light called the “moon” (yerach) would depart until it’s time to rule the night, according to its ordinance.

Jeremiah 31:35-36

Thus saith YHUH, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; YHUH of hosts is his name: If those ordinances depart from before me, saith YHUH, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.

Although the moon is not named in the Genesis passage, by knowing the definitions of the related words we can find several other verses that give evidence that the reference to the lesser great light is the moon. It has been claimed that chodesh merely means “month”, but here we see that the words for moon and new moon/month are used to refer to the same thing:

1 Kings 6:38

And in the eleventh year, in the month [yerach – moon] Bul, which is the eighth month [chodesh – new moon, month], was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.

1 Kings 8:2

And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month [yerach] Ethanim, which is the seventh month [chodesh].

The moon we now experience has phases and will lose light for a time until it goes dark; it then gains it back again until it is “like new” – restored to its original fullness when it was created as a great light.

Isaiah 30:26

Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that YHUH bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound.

Numbers 29:1

And in the seventh month, on the first of the month you shall have a holy convocation you shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.

Psalm 81:3

Blow up the trumpet in the new moon in the appointed time* on our solemn feast day.
*[kece’ – fullness, full moon; from kacah – to plump, fill up]



The only lunar cycle that rules all night is the full moon that rises in the east as the sun sets in the west. It can be clearly seen as a bright beacon ruling all night. Then it can be found on the horizon in the west at dawn, opposite the sun when it returns in the east. The sun will witness the moon’s going down. This “renewal”, or chodesh in Hebrew, of the two great lights that were given for signs and appointed times (just as they were on Day four) are the “two witnesses” that herald the dawn of every New Moon Day!


Psalm 89:35-37

Once for all I have sworn by my holiness; I will not lie to David. His offspring shall endure forever, his throne as long as the sun before me.  [and] Like the moon, it shall be established forever, a faithful witness in the skies.

Psalm 104:19

He appointed (made) the moon for seasons (appointed times), the sun knows his (it’s*) going down.
*it’s [the moon’s (subject of the sentence)]


Signs in Nature

  • The “Moonflower”, Datura inoxia, only blooms during a full moon.
  • It’s almost too obvious, but even the wolf “shouts” at the full moon.
  • There is also evidence of bees, birds, beavers, horses, donkeys and oxen that do not work on the seventh day.


The “Enoch” Question


It seems necessary to address a presumed discrepancy in the “Book of Enoch” regarding what it says about the moon phases. First it should be noted that the “Book of Enoch” has been classified as a “Pseudepigrapha”, or falsely attributed writing, and found not to be on par with Scripture, as there are things it purports that do not agree with Torah. That being said, there is no problem using citations from historical texts where they do agree with Scripture. We just must not base our doctrines on them.

Regarding the disputed point about the moon and what the “Book of Enoch” seems to say about it, I actually find no issue. Although these verses do require close inspection as well as consideration that what we have is a translation from another language. Here is the whole quote and my commentary for emphasis and clarity:



1 The names of the Sun are as follows: The first Oryares, and the second Tomases.

2 The Moon has four names: The first name is Asonya, and the second Ebla, and the third Benase, and the fourth Era’e.

3 These are the two great lights; their disc is like the disc of Heaven and in size the two are equal.

 – – here, I would point out that there is a dispute that the moon is one of the “great lights” mentioned in Genesis 1 since it is not specifically named there, and some even claim to base their calendar on this book that says it is – this is an issue, yes?

4 In the disc of the Sun, are seven parts of light, which are added to it more than to the Moon, and in fixed measure light is transferred to the Moon until a seventh part of the Sun is exhausted.

 – – the sun has seven times more light than the moon and the moon gets it light from what the sun transfers to it – it is not ‘reflected light’ as we are told by ‘science’. So, this too, agrees with Scripture that says the moon gives her own light.

5 And they set, go into the Gates of the west, go round through the north, and rise through the Gates of the east, on the face of Heaven.

– – this is describing the direction and paths that the sun and moon take and specifically regarding their setting and rising together, which is when the moon is dark.

6 And when the Moon rises, it appears in the sky, and has a half of a seventh part of light, and on the fourteenth day it makes all its light full.

– – this is a detail about how long it takes the moon to become a full moon when it receives a half of a seventh part of light each day after setting with the sun when dark – it takes 14 days to be full with one seventh of the suns light exhausted. I might argue that the original could have more accurately been rendered “and in fourteen days it makes it’s light full…” but that would remove all this super fun confusion!

7 And fifteen parts of light are transferred to it, until on the fifteenth day its light is full, according to the sign of the year, and amounts to fifteen parts. And the Moon comes into being by halves of a seventh part.

– – OK, here I am stumped. If someone knows how it went from 14 halves of seventh parts in 14 days to 15 parts in 15 days, I’m all ears. Please also do note here that it says “according to the SIGN OF THE YEAR”. This agrees with what we have found in Scripture that the “sign of the year” includes a full moon.

8 And in its waning on the first day, it decreases to fourteen parts of its light. And on the second to thirteen parts, and on the third to twelve parts, on the fourth to eleven parts, and on the fifth to ten parts, and on the sixth to nine parts, and on the seventh to eight parts, and on the eighth to seven parts, and on the ninth to six parts, and on the tenth to five parts, and on the eleventh to four parts, and on the twelfth to three, and on the thirteenth to two, and on the fourteenth to half of a seventh part. And all the light that remains from the total disappears on the fifteenth day.

– – Now, HERE is where the days are mentioned regarding what day “of the moon” or month it is:
“…in its waning on the FIRST DAY [from full] – (and we are here again with 14 after a decrease from 15 ??) – and then it continues to count the days: on the SECOND… on the THIRD… etc. until it says all the light “disappears on THE FIFTEENTH DAY.”

9 And in certain months the Moon has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight.

– – this describes the length of time the moon is visible with light. There is one occasion in the year where, by nature of the 29.53 day lunar cycle, that the moon is dark for 2 nights. But, the cycle is 29.53 days from full moon to full moon and that is why some months are 29 days and some are 30 to make up for the nearly half a day loss each month.

10 And Uriel showed me another law: – when light is transferred to the Moon, and on which side it is transferred from the Sun.

11 All the time that the Moon is increasing in its light, it transfers as it becomes opposite the Sun, until in fourteen days its light is full in the sky; and when it is all ablaze, it’s light is full in the sky.

– here, with a more correct rendering (“in fourteen days”) it describes how we can expect to see the moon waxing, or growing in light, after rising and setting with the sun as it moves more opposite the sun.

12 And on the first day it is called the New Moon, for on that, daylight rises on it.

– – this is the picture also described in Psalm 104:19. The moon that is full and on the horizon at dawn when “daylight rises on it” is the New Moon and “the first day” 

– or – “…the sun knows it’s going down” because it is there to witness the moon set after it rises. Here continues:

13 And its light becomes full exactly on the day that as the Sun goes down in the west it rises from the east for the night. And the Moon shines for the whole night until the Sun rises opposite it, and the Moon is seen opposite the Sun.

– – the moon rises in the east when the sun goes down because it is now opposite the sun and is in the cycle to gain it’s full light and equipped to rule all night. In the morning, they are both seen on the horizon just as they were when created – this “chodesh” or renewal is our blessing each month!

14 And on the side on which the light of the Moon appears, there again it wanes, until all its light disappears, and the days of the Moon end and its disc remains empty without light.

– – the moon loses light from the same side it was receiving it until it is gone and appears dark.

15 And for three months, at its proper time, it achieves thirty days, and for three months, it achieves twenty-nine days, during which it completes its waning, in the first period, in the first Gate, 177 days.*

– – the “177 days” would be accurate, as the moon has a total 354 days in 12 months. I would also note that it says here ‘at its proper time’ as it is speaking of the “first period, in the first Gate”.

16 And in the time of its rising, for three months, it appears in each month with thirty days. And for three months it appears in each month with twenty-nine days

– – this confirms the days of the months are either 29 or 30 days which agrees with the 29.53 day lunar cycle. There is a calendar in current use that merely counts cycles of 30 days from the equinox, but I believe it also dismisses the moon.

17 By night, for twenty days each time, it looks like a man, and by day like Heaven, for there is nothing else in it except its light.

– – some can see the “man in the moon” (I can!) and yes, when seen by day it appears transparent!

* according to the version of “R.H. Charles Oxford: The Clarendon Press”


Scriptural Pictures


The full moon at dawn is a picture of the fully gathered “Bride”, all dressed in white, awake and alert early, her lamp brightly lit and prepared for the return of the sun, the “Bridegroom”. It also depicts a brightly lit “open door” that slowly closes and eventually completely shuts.

As John the Immerser said, “He must become greater; I must become less”. John was the Aharonic High Priest and, like the lesser light of the moon, belongs to the previous “day”, while YHUShA is the MelchiZadok Great High Priest and “Great Light” of the New Day.

John 3:29-30

He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.  He must increase, but I must decrease.

Psalm 19:1-6

The heavens declare the glory of Elohim, and the firmament shows his handy work.
Day unto day utters speech and night unto night shows knowledge; there is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth and their words to the end of the world.
In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber and rejoices as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heavens and his circuit* unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

Exodus 34:22

And thou shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year’s end*.
*circuit/year’s end [tequwphah – a coming around, circuit (of the sun)]

The sun has a circuit or tequwphah in Hebrew. Starting with its rise in the east gate at the vernal equinox, it moves northward unto its peak, or the solstice, of summer, then it returns southward back through the east gate where it “turns” at the autumnal equinox and continues further south unto the peak, or solstice, of winter. The sun then again returns northward back to the east gate, completing its circuit.

The lunar cycle of renewal, or chodesh, is from full moon to full moon, and the shabuwa, or week cycle of 7 days, is complete unto the covenant of the Sabbath day. All components must complete their respective cycles – “Wheel within a wheel…”


Exodus 12:1-2

And YHUH spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month [chodesh] shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Exodus 13:4

This day came ye out in the month Abib.

Deuteronomy 16:1

Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto YHUH thy Elohim: for in the month of Abib YHUH thy Elohim brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

All the stars have names and the mazzaroth tells His-story. The constellation known as Virgo represents “the virgin” holding a “wave sheaf” and wheat seed in her hands. The brightest star in this cluster is called Spica, which is noted in various languages as “the branch” or “seed”, all of which point to the time of green crops/spring (Abib).

Many cultures have names for the full moons that signal what the month will bring. The Cold Moon of “February”, the Flower Moon of “May” and the Harvest Moon after the autumnal equinox are references similar to how the Scriptures in Hebrew refer to the first month as the chodesh ha’abib or “the Abib Moon”.

The sun rises due east (vernal equinox) as the first witness of the transition of winter to spring. Then, the monthly chodesh, or renewal of the lunar cycle, must also be complete unto the full moon, and the sign of the Abib must appear in the stars. The new year starts only after all these events that fully complete the circuits of each of the luminaries. So, the new full moon (chodesh renewal) after the completion of the sun circuit that rises and sets with the “branch/seed” star (Spica) in the constellation of Virgo is the “sign of the Abib” and the beginning of months that start the new year.


The Weight of It’s Importance

There is no other deception that effects the whole world on such a level and that has been reduced to something that almost seems trivial. “What difference does it make” how we mark our time? – would be the trending question of our day. As long as we are all in agreement, isn’t that all that matters? Of course the bottom line truth for all mankind is much more serious.

The Feasts of YHUH are truly the main reason for us to guard/observe the month of the Abib, and in turn the whole of the Calendar. Since the full moon is the new moon and day 1, then 14 days of waning later there is no moon on the night of the Passover and the dark moon rises with the sun on the day of the 15th day – the Feast of Unleavened Bread – and also in the seventh month at the Feast of Tabernacles. We observe the Feasts as rehearsals of the Kingdom, where we will have no need of sun or moon for He will be our Light! And in doing so, we are set-apart as His blessed children.


Revelation 21:22-23

And I saw no temple therein: for YHUH Elohim Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. And the city had no need of the sun neither of the moon to shine in it: for the glory of Elohim did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

Revelation 22:5

And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for YHUH Elohim giveth them light: and they shall reign forever and ever.

This explains how it can be a dark moon at the time of the Feasts.


Exodus 13:21-22

And YHUH went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

Who needs a full moon when you have a pillar of fire! There is no need of watching for a moon when we are rejoicing in the Feasts of YHUH’s way of salvation!

Messiah fulfilled the ways of YHUH and was always right on time. The total solar eclipse during His crucifixion confirms this, since it can only happen during the dark phase of the moon.


Luke 22:53

When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

Luke 23:45-46

And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.



A Change in Time


There was a time when it seems the days of the month were all 30 days each…

Gen 7:11, 24; 8:3-4

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. …

And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. …

And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.

But, there have been events since then that have caused a change in the length of the months, and also consequently, the year. We now find the sun circuit or solar year to be 365.25 days, and the lunation or moon phase cycle to be 29.53 days from full moon to full moon.

Joshua 10:12-13

Then Joshua spoke to YHUH in the day when YHUH delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is this not written in the book of Jasher?
So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

2Kings 20:9-11

Isaiah said, This sign shall you have of YHUH that YHUH will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees.
And Isaiah the prophet cried unto YHUH and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.

Isaiah 38:7-8

And this [shall be] a sign unto thee from YHUH, that YHUH will do this thing that he hath spoken;

Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.

[Note: These are just two of many accounts that describe the movement of the luminaries and/or the earth as fixed and stationary –  facts required to be able to understand the Scriptural calendar in truth.]


With the lunar cycles coming about 10 days short of the solar cycle in the year, every 2-3 years the heavenly signs will confirm that an additional 30 day month will bring you to the sign of the Abib, which is required to start the new year.

Noting the time stamps throughout Luke chapter 1, the announcement to Zachariah would have come in the last month, though he was serving in the priestly course of Abiyah which began at the eighth week. This reference, noting a shift in the priests times of service, as well as the account of Ezekiel’s “time on his side” for the judgment of Israel, shows that there is evidence for a 13th month intercalation.  [Please refer to Ezekiel Chapters 1-8; 1Chronicles 24 and Luke Chapter 1]

There is even what is considered a 13th constellation. Curiously, it seems to fit the description given in Revelation 12.

Revelation 12:3-4

And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

Remember the picture above of the cycle of the constellations? Note the position of “Ophiuchus”, which is anchored by the star called “Serpens”. It is worth observing how the movement and position of this constellation may effect how we identify a time in the cycles for an intercalated month.



Time is a continuum and the cycles progress in such a way that one year flows right into the next, always with the hope of another new day. Rather than a static loop with a pre-determined termination point.

When we step back to take in the whole picture of the full counsel of Scripture while allowing the concepts to harmonize, we then see the cycles and how they all work together. Thus, we can better understand and sense how we naturally follow these cycles in many ways and can now walk in the light and fully be in the Way of YHUH and His appointed times.


In conclusion:


Although the details that confirm YHUH’s Calendar are many, the overall concept is simple enough for a child to understand and follow. [Please see the Scriptural Calendar of YHUH format below.*]

The sun is the first witness when it reaches the end of its circuit in the east then, as the second witness, the lunar cycle must also be complete to the great light of the full moon greeting the sun at dawn.

When the full moon has reached the “sign of the Abib” in the constellations or, is rising and setting with the star Spica in Virgo – appearing “at her feet” and the seed “planting” into the horizon (the signal of the fullness of time for “spring”) – this is the sign for the beginning of months.

You can expect to add a 13th month every 2-3 years and the positions of the heavenly signs will guide you in this.

Each subsequent full moon that sets after sunrise will be the sign of the chodesh (renewal) or New Moon Day that begins each month. The new moon of the 7th month must come after the autumnal equinox (sun’s return to east gate) and will further confirm you began in the correct season.


May YHUH bring this most important understanding to “light” for you as you as you seek Him and His Ways, through our Messiah YHUShA, who is the Head of The Body.



“Every good and perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights with whom is no variableness,  neither shadow of turning.”   – James 1:17


*The clearly inspired template format and layout for YHUH’s Scriptural Calendar was designed in light of these current revelations by Darryl Jackson. All glory and honor to our Father, the Most High YHUH!!


Copyright 2017 – “YHUH’s Scriptural Calendar Study” and the companion calendar format layout design of “YHUH’s Calendar of Light” may only be reproduced for personal use and may not be distributed or sold for profit of any kind.


About the Author


Lisa lives in New Braunfels, Texas, where the full moon shines like a spotlight on her backyard. 


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